World Library  


 
  • Cover Image

Snapshot Observation of Physical Structure and Stratification in D...

By: J. Azizpour; H. A. Lahijani; P. Ghaffari

Description: Department of Physical Oceanography, Iranian National Center for Oceanography, No. 3, Western Fatemi, 1411813389, Tehran, Iran. In this article, we describe physical parameters structures and different water masses using CTD measurements in southwestern part of the Caspian Sea (CS) in adjacent to Anzali Port (AP). CTD profilings were conducted along a transect perpendicular to the coastline over 13 stations from the coast down to 720 m in winter 2008. Ac...

Bruevich, S. V.: Hydrochemistry of Middle and South Caspian Sea, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1973.; Emery, W. J., Tally, L. D., and Pickard, G. L.: Descriptive Physical Oceanography, Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 2006.; Emery, W. J. and Thomson, R. E.: Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography, Elsevier Science B. V, Amsterdam, 2004.; Froehlich, K., Rozanski, K., Povinec, P., Oregioni, B., and Gastaud, J.: Isotope studies in the Caspian Sea, Sci. Total ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Vertical Structure of Oceanic Rossby Waves: a Comparison of Hi...

By: J. J.-m. Hirschi; R. Tailleux; F. K. Hunt

Description: School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. Tests of the new Rossby wave theories that have been developed over the past decade to account for discrepancies between theoretical wave speeds and those observed by satellite altimeters have focused primarily on the surface signature of such waves. It appears, however, that the surface signature of the waves acts only as a rather weak constraint...

Anderson, D. L. and Gill, A. E.: Spin-up of a stratified ocean, with application to upwelling, Deep-Sea Res., 22, 583–596, 1975.; Anderson, D. L. and Killworth, P. D.: Spin-up of a stratified ocean, with topography, Deep-Sea Res., 24, 709–732, 1977.; Aoki, K., Kubokawa, A., Sasaki, H., and Sasai, Y.: Mid-latitude Baroclinic Rossby wave in a high-resolution OGCM Simulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 2264–2279, 2009.; Barnier, B.: Forcing the Ocean, in: Ocean Modelling and P...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Izviestiia Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk = Bulletin De L'Académie Im...

By: Imperatorskaia Akademiia Nauk (Russia)

Description: Vols. 1 (1907)-v. 10 (1916), with v. 10

Read More
  • Cover Image

Sources of 21St Century Regional Sea Level Rise Along the Coast of...

By: J. A. Lowe; J. Ridley; T. Howard; A. K. Pardaens; R. T. W. L. Hurkmans; J. L. Bamber; G. Spada; D. Vaughan

Description: Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, UK. Changes in both global and regional mean sea level, and changes in the magnitude of extreme flood heights, are the result of a combination of several distinct contributions most, but not all, of which are associated with climate change. These contributions include effects in the solid earth, gravity field, changes in ocean mass due to ice-loss from ice sheets and glaciers, thermal expan...

Araujo, I. B. and Pugh, D. T.: Sea levels at Newlyn 1915–2005: analysis of trends for future flooding risks, J. Coastal Res., 24, 203–212, doi:10.2112/06-0785.1, 2008.; Coles, S.: An introduction to statistical modeling of extreme values, Springer, 208 pp., 2001.; Brown, S., Boorman, P., McDonald, R., and Murphy, J.: Use and interpretation of surface wind projections from the 11-member Met Office Regional Climate Model ense...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Drifting Snow Measurements on the Greenland Ice Sheet and Their Ap...

By: K. Nishimura; M. R. Van Den Broeke; C. J. P. P. Smeets; M. Eijkelboom; J. T. M. Lenaerts; W. Boot; W. J. Van De Berg

Description: Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. This paper presents autonomous drifting snow observations performed on the Greenland Ice Sheet in the fall of 2012. High-frequency Snow Particle Counter (SPC) observations at ~1 m above the surface provided drifting snow number fluxes and size distributions; these were combined with meteorological observations at six levels. We identify two types of...

Bintanja, R.: Snowdrift suspension and atmospheric turbulence, Part 1: Theoretical background and model description, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 95, 343–368, 2000.%in list; Bougamont, M., Bamber, J. L., and Greuell, W.: A surface mass balance model for the Greenland Ice Sheet, J. Geophys. Res., 110, F04018, doi:10.1029/2005JF000348, 2005.%in list; Budd, W. F., Dingle, W. R. J., and Radok, U.: The B}yrd Snowdrift Project: Outl...

Read More
  • Cover Image

A Multi-decadal Meridional Displacement of the Subpolar Front in t...

By: J. H. Jungclaus; M. Bersch; H. Haak; I. Núñez-riboni; K. Lohmann

Description: Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Observations since the 1950s show a multi-decadal cycle of a meridional displacement of the Subpolar Front (SPF) in the Newfoundland Basin (NFB) in the North Atlantic. The SPF displacement is associated with corresponding variations in the path of the North Atlantic Current. We use the ocean general circulation model MPIOM with enhanced horizontal and vertical resolutions and f...

Bacon, S.: Circulation and Fluxes in the North Atlantic between Greenland and Ireland, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 1420–1435, 1997.; Belkin, I. M., Levitus, S., Antonov, J., and Malmberg, S.-A.: Great Salinity Anomalies in the North Atlantic, Prog. Oceanogr., 41, 1–68, 1998.; Bersch, M.: On the circulation of the northeastern North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 42, 9, 1583–1607, 1995.; Bersch, M.: North Atlantic Oscillation–induced changes of the upper layer circulation in ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Austral...

By: Royal Society of South Australia

Description: Vol. 25 (1901)-44 (1920). 1 v. Vols. 45 (1921)-91 (1967). 1 v. (Includes index to the journal under its later title)

Read More
  • Cover Image

A Minimal, Statistical Model for the Surface Albedo of Vestfonna I...

By: M. Möller

Description: Department of Geography, RWTH University Aachen, Templergraben 55, Aachen, Germany. The ice cap Vestfonna is located in Northeastern Svalbard and forms one of the largest ice bodies of the Eurasian Arctic. Its surface albedo plays a key role in understanding and modelling of its energy and mass balance. The principle governing factors for albedo evolution, i.e. precipitation and air temperature and therewith snowdepth and melt duration, were found to v...

Braun, M., Pohjola, V., Pettersson, R., Möller, M., Finkelnburg, R., Falk, U., Scherer, D., and Schneider, C.: Changes of glacier frontal positions of Vestfonna (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard), Geogr. Ann., 93, 301–310, 2011.; Brock, B., Willis, I., and Sharp, M.: Measurements and parameterization of albedo variations at Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland, J. Glaciol., 46, 675–688, 2000.; Essery, R., Blyth, E., Harding, R., and Lloyd, C.: Modelling albedo and distributed snow...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Development and Implementation of an Integrated Water Resources Ma...

By: C. Busch; W.-a. Flügel

Description: Institute for Geography, University of Jena, Germany. One of the innovative objectives in the EC project BRAHMATWINN was the development of a stakeholder oriented Integrated Water Resources Management System (IWRMS). The toolset integrates the findings of the project and presents it in a user friendly way for decision support in sustainable integrated water resources management (IWRM) in river basins. IWRMS is a framework, which integrates different typ...

Kralisch, S., Zander, F., and Krause, P.: Coupling the RBIS Environmental Information System and the JAMS Modelling Framework, in: Proc. 18th World IMACS/and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, edited by: Anderssen, R., Braddock, R., and Newham, L., Cairns, Australia, 902–908, 2009.; Marke, T.: Development and Application of a Model Interface to couple Regional Climate Models with Land Surface Models for Climate Change Risk Assessment in the Uppe...

Read More
  • Cover Image

International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, 1901-1914 : Div....

By: Royal Society of London
Read More
  • Cover Image

Verification of Analysed and Forecasted Winter Precipitation in Co...

By: M. Schirmer; B. Jamieson

Description: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models are rarely verified for mountainous regions during the winter season, although avalanche forecasters and other decision makers frequently rely on NWP models. Winter precipitation from two NWP models (GEM-LAM and GEM15) and from a precipitation analysis system (CaPA) was verified at approximately 100 stations in the mountains of western ...

Mahfouf, J.-F., Brasnett, B., and Gagnon, S.: A Canadian precipitation analysis (CaPA) project: Description and preliminary results, Atmos.-Ocean, 45, 1–17, 2007.; Bélair, S., Roch, M., Leduc, A.-M., Vaillancourt, P. A., Laroche, S., and Mailhot, J.: Medium-range quantitative precipitation forecasts from Canada's new 33-km deterministic global operational system, Weather Forecast., 24, 690–708, 2009.; Bellaire, S. and Jamieson, B.: Forecasting the formation of critical s...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de L'Academie des Science...

By: Académie des Sciences (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)

CIS abstracts; Vols. 1 (1835)-31 (1850). 1 v.; Vols. 32 (1851)-61 (1865). 1 v.; Vols. 62 (1866)-91 (1880). 1 v.; Vols. 92 (1881)-121 (1895). 1 v.; Vols. 122 (1896)-151 (1910). 1 v.; Vols. 212 (1941)-241 (1955). 1 v; The proceedings for the period prior to 1835 are contained in: Acad‚mie des sciences (France). ProcŠs-verbaux des s‚ances de l'Acad‚mie tenues depuis la fondation de l'Institut jusqu'au mois d'ao–t 1835; Split into: Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des s‚ances de...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de L'Academie des Science...

By: Académie des Sciences (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)

CIS abstracts; Vols. 1 (1835)-31 (1850). 1 v.; Vols. 32 (1851)-61 (1865). 1 v.; Vols. 62 (1866)-91 (1880). 1 v.; Vols. 92 (1881)-121 (1895). 1 v.; Vols. 122 (1896)-151 (1910). 1 v.; Vols. 212 (1941)-241 (1955). 1 v; The proceedings for the period prior to 1835 are contained in: Acad‚mie des sciences (France). ProcŠs-verbaux des s‚ances de l'Acad‚mie tenues depuis la fondation de l'Institut jusqu'au mois d'ao–t 1835; Split into: Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des s‚ances de...

Read More
  • Cover Image

First Air–sea Gas Exchange Laboratory Study at Hurricane Wind Spee...

By: B. Jähne; K. E. Krall

Description: Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. In a pilot study conducted in October and November 2011, air–sea gas transfer velocities of the two sparingly soluble trace gases hexafluorobenzene and 1,4-difluorobenzene were measured in the unique High-Speed Wind-Wave Tank at Kyoto University, Japan. This air–sea interaction facility is capable of producing hurricane strength wind sp...

Freire, M. G., Razzouk, A., Mokbel, I., Jose, J., Marrucho, I. M., and Coutinho, J. A. P.: Solubility of hexafluorobenzene in aqueous salt solutions from (280 to 340) k, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 237–242, 2005.; Jähne, B., Münnich, K. O., and Siegenthaler, U.: Measurements of gas-exchange and momentum-transfer in a circular wind–water tunnel, Tellus, 31, 321–329, 1979.; Jähne, B., Heinz, G., and Dietrich, W.: Measurement of the diffusion coefficients of sparingly so...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Arctic Rapid Sea Ice Loss Events in Regional Coupled Climate Scena...

By: T. Koenigk; R. Döscher

Description: SMHI/Rossby Centre Folkborgsvägen 1, 60176 Norrköping, Sweden. Rapid sea ice loss events (RILEs) in a mini-ensemble of regional Arctic coupled climate model scenario experiments are analyzed. Mechanisms of sudden ice loss are strongly related to atmospheric circulation conditions and preconditioning by sea ice thinning during the seasons and years before the event. Clustering of events in time suggests a strong control by large scale atmospheric circula...

Alexander, M., Bhatt, U., Walsh, J., Timlin, M., Miller, J., and Scott, J.: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter, J. Climate, 17, 890–905, 2.0.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0890:TARTRA>2.0.CO;2, 2004.; Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E., Armour, K. C., Bitz, C. M., and DeWeaver, E.: Persistence and Inherent Predictability of Arctic Sea Ice in a GCM Ensem...

Read More
  • Cover Image

El Niño in a Changing Climate: a Multi-model Study : Volume 1, Iss...

By: S. Y. Philip; M Collins; G. J. Van Oldenborgh

Description: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, The Netherlands. In many parts of the world, climate projections for the next century depend on potential changes in the properties of the El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The current staus of these projections is assessed by examining a large set of climate model experiments prepared for the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Firstly,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Formulation of an Ocean Model for Global Climate Simulations : Vol...

By: A. Rosati; M. J. Spelman; J. L. Russell; R. Gerdes; B. L. Samuels; S. M. Griffies; A. Gnanadesikan; K. W. Dixon; J. P. Dunne; M. J. Harrison; R. Zhang; M. Winton

Description: NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, USA. This paper summarizes the formulation of the ocean component to the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory's (GFDL) climate model used for the 4th IPCC Assessment (AR4) of global climate change. In particular, it reviews the numerical schemes and physical parameterizations that make up an ocean climate model and how these schemes are pieced together for use in a state-of-the-art climate model. ...

Adcroft, A. and Campin, J.-M.: Rescaled height coordinates for accurate representation of free-surface flows in ocean circulation models, Ocean Modelling, 7, 269-284, 2004.; Adcroft, A., Hill, C., and Marshall, J.: Representation of topography by shaved cells in a height coordinate ocean model, Monthly Weather Review, 125, 2293-2315, 1997.; Anderson, J L., Balaji, V., Broccoli, A J., Cooke, W F., Delworth, T L., Dixon, K W., Donnor, L J., Dunne, K A., Freidenreich, S M.,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Anzeiger Der Kaiserlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften, Mathematisc...

By: Kaiserl. Akademie Der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse

Description: Elecresource

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Philippine Journal of Science

By: Philippines. National Science Development Board

Description: Vol.1 (1906) issued in one section; Vols. 2-4 (1907-09) in 3 sections; Section A. General science; Section B. Medical sciences; Section C. Botany; Vols. 5-13 (1910-1918) in 4 sections; Section A. Chemical and geological sciences and the industries; Section B. Tropical medicine (varies slightly) (called Medical sciences, v. 5-6); Section C. Botany; Section D. General biology, ethnology and anthropology (varies slightly)

Read More
  • Cover Image

Mapping Snow Depth from Manned Aircraft on Landscape Scales at Cen...

By: C. Larsen; M. Sturm; M. Nolan

Description: Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 306 Tanana Loop, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA. Airborne photogrammetry is undergoing a renaissance: lower-cost equipment, more powerful software, and simplified methods have significantly lowered the barriers to entry and now allow repeat mapping of cryospheric dynamics at spatial resolutions and temporal frequencies that were previously too expensive to consider. Here we apply these advancem...

Brandenberger, A. J.: Map of the McCall Glacier, Brooks Range, Alaska, American Geographical Society, New York, AGS Report, 11 pp., 1959.; Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303–309, 2005.; Bauder, A., Funk, M., and Huss, M.: Ice-volume changes of selected glaciers in the Swiss Alps since the end of the 19th century, Ann. Glaciol., 46, 145–149, 2007.; Be...

Read More
 
1
|
2
|
3
Records: 1 - 20 of 45 - Pages: 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.