World Library  


 
  • Cover Image

Predicting the Hurricane Damage Ratio of Commercial Buildings by C...

By: Y. J. Park; P. K. Woods; K. Son; J. M. Kim; J. S. Choi; T. H. Kim

Description: Texas A&M University, Department of Construction Science, College Station, Texas, USA. The increasing occurrence of natural disaster events and related damages have led to a growing demand for models that predict financial loss. Although considerable research has studied the financial losses related to natural disaster events, and has found significant predictors, there has not yet been a comprehensive study that addresses the relationship among th...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Non-interferometric Gb-sar Measurement: Application to the Vallceb...

By: O. Monserrat; J. Corominas; M. Crosetto; G. Luzi; J. A. Gili; J. Moya

Description: Institute of Geomatics, Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain. In the last decade, ground-based interferometry has proven to be a powerful technique for continuous deformation monitoring of landslides, glaciers, volcanoes, or manmade structures, among others. However, several limitations need to be addressed in order to improve the performances of the technique, especially for long-term monitoring. These limitations include the reduction of measurable points ...

Alba, M., Bernardini, G., Giussani, A., Ricci, P. P., Roncoronia, F., Scaioni, M., Valgoic, P., and Zhangd, K.: Measurement of dam deformations by terrestrial interferometric techniques, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 37, Part B1, Beijing (China), 2008.; Antonello, G., Casagli, N., Farina, P., Fortuny, J., Leva, D., Nico, G., Sieber, A. J., and Tarchi, D.: A ground-based interferometer for the safety monitor...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Wavelet Maxima Curves of Surface Latent Heat Flux Anomalies Associ...

By: R. P. Singh; C. Yu; M. Kafatos; G. Cervone

Description: Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, School of Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22039, USA. Wavelet maxima curves of surface latent heat flux (SLHF) have been recently used to provide early warning information about coastal earthquakes. The present paper reports further validations of the spatial and temporal analysis of wavelet maxima curves associated with earthquakes occurred in different parts of the Indian sub-c...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Characterization and Monitoring of the Åknes Rockslide Using Terre...

By: L. Blikra; M. Jaboyedoff; R. Metzger; M.-h. Derron; T. Oppikofer

Description: Institute of Geomatics and Analysis of Risk (IGAR), University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) provides high-resolution point clouds of the topography and new TLS instruments with ranges exceeding 300 m or even 1000 m are powerful tools for characterizing and monitoring slope movements. This study focuses on the 35 million m3 Åknes rockslide in Western Norway, which is one of the most investigated and monitored rocks...

Abellán, A., Jaboyedoff, M., Oppikofer, T., and Vilaplana, J. M.: Detection of millimetric deformation using a terrestrial laser scanner: experiment and application to a rockfall event, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, 365–372, 2009.; Abellán, A., Vilaplana, J. M., and Martínez, J.: Application of a long-range terrestrial laser scanner to a detailed rockfall study at Vall de N\'uria (Eastern Pyrenees, Spain), Eng. Geol., 88, 136–148, 2006.; Agliardi, F., Crosta, G., and...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Development of the Ingv Tectonomagnetic Network in the Frame o...

By: P. Palangio; C. Di Lorenzo; M. Di Persio; F. Masci

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy. In the middle of 1989, the INGV (Italian Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia) installed in Central Italy a network of magnetic stations in order to investigate possible relationship of the local magnetic field with earthquakes occurrences. Actually the network consists of four stations, where the total magnetic field intensity data are being collected using proton precession magneto...

Bella, F., Biagi, P. F., Caputo, M., Della Monica, G., Ermini, A., Plastino W., and Sgrigna, V.: Anomalies in different parameters related to the M=3.9 Gran Sasso earthquake (1992), Phys. Chem. Earth, 23, 9, 959–963, 1998.; Biagi, P. F., Ermini, A., Piccolo, R., Loiacono, D., and Kingsley, S. P.: Electromagnetic signals related to micromovements of limestone blocks: A test in kart caves of Central Italy, Seismo Electromagnetics Lithosphere-Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Inductive Seismo-electromagnetic Effect in Relation to Seismogenic...

By: A. Kulchitsky; M. Hayakawa; O. Molchanov

Description: EORC, NASDA, Roppongi 1-9-9, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106-0032, Japan. During the seismic wave propagation through the crust, the electromagnetic pulse can originate due to MHD conversion in this conductive medium. On the assumption of simple models of seismic wave excitation and attenuation, the problem is reduced to the analysis of a diffusion-like equation for a vector potential function. In this way, we need to change the classical gauge ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Net Benefit of Public Expenditures on Avalanche Defence Struct...

By: M. C. McAlpin; S. Fuchs

Description: WSL Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos, Switzerland. Avalanches pose a threat to settlements as well as industrial and recreational areas in the Alps. As a counter measure, technical mitigation measures have been implemented since the 19th century, resulting in a raise in value of formerly endangered areas. This increase in value can be considered as a benefit due to prevented damage. This paper compares the total costs a...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Combining Inland and Offshore Paleotsunamis Evidence: the Augusta ...

By: D. Pantosti; A. Smedile; P. M. De Martini

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Via di Vigna Murata, 605, 00143 Rome, Italy. Offshore and inland geological evidence for multiple tsunami inundations was found in the Augusta Bay area: (1) the main local historical tsunamis (1908, 1693, 1169), (2) two far-generated tsunamis (i.e. Crete 365 AD and Santorini, 3600 BP), and (3) seven unknown tsunamis). Average tsunami recurrence intervals from inland and offshore investigations of about 550...

Grasso, M., Lentini, F., and Pedley, H. M.: Late Tortonian–Lower Messinian (Miocene) palaeogeography of SE Sicily: information from two new formations of the Sortino Group, Sediment. Geol., 32, 279–300, 1982.; Hindson, R., Andrade, C., and Parish, R.: A microfaunal and sedimentary record of environmental change within the late Holocene sediments of Boca do Rio (Algarve, Portugal), Geologie en Mijnbouw, 77, 311–321, 1999.; Jerome: Chonicon Eusebii, Eusebius Chonicon, edit...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Sensitivity of a Mesoscale Model to Different Convective Parameter...

By: I. Gómez; M. J. Estrela; F. Pastor

Description: Laboratorio de Meteorología-Climatología, Unidad Mixta CEAM-UVEG, Instituto Universitario Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo CEAM – UMH, Programa de Meteorología-Climatología, Paterna (Valencia), Spain. The Valencia region, on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, is propitious to heavy precipitation, especially the area encompassing the South of Valencia province and the North of the Alicante province. In October 2007 a torrentia...

Chen, C. and Cotton, W.: A One-Dimensional Simulation of the Stratocumulus-Capped Mixed Layer, Bound. Lay. Meteorol., 25, 289–321, 1983.; Alpert, P., Ben-Gai, T., Baharad, A., Benjamini, Y., Yekutieli, D., Colacino, M., Diodato, L., Ramis, C., Homar, V., Romero, R., Michaelides, S., and Manes, A.: The paradoxical increase of Mediterranean extreme daily rainfall in spite of decrease in total values, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 31–1, doi:10.1029/2001GL013554, 2002.; Bresson, ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Debris Flow Characteristics and Relationships in the Central Spani...

By: J. C. Bathurst; J. M. García-ruiz; S. Beguería; A. Lorente

Description: Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología, CSIC, Campus de Aula Dei, Apartado 202, 50080-Zaragoza, Spain. Unconfined debris flows (i.e. not in incised channels) are one of the most active geomorphic processes in mountainous areas. Since they can threaten settlements and infrastructure, statistical and physically based procedures have been developed to assess the potential for landslide erosion. In this study, information on debris flow characterist...

Read More
  • Cover Image

A Contribution to the Selection of Tsunami Human Vulnerability Ind...

By: P. González-riancho; R. Medina; S. Hettiarachchi; B. Aliaga; M. González

Description: Environmental Hydraulics Institute IH Cantabria, Universidad de Cantabria, C/Isabel Torres no 15, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain. After several tsunami events with disastrous consequences around the world, coastal countries have realized the need to be prepared to minimize human mortality and damage to coastal infrastructures, livelihoods and resources. The international scientific community is striving to develop and...

ADPC (Asian Disaster Preparedness Center): Thailand – Post Rapid Assessment Report: Dec 26th 2004 Tsunami, available at: http://www.adpc.net/v2007/ikm/ONLINE DOCUMENTS/downloads/TsunamiRapidAssessmentReport_15Feb.pdf (last access: 1 August 2014), 2007.; Alliance Development Works in collaboration with United Nations University and The Nature Conservancy: World Risk...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Intrinsic Vulnerability Assessment of the South-eastern Murge (Apu...

By: M. Vurro; L. Pennetta; G. Giuliano; A. Marsico

Description: Dipartimento di Geologia e Geofisica Università di Bari, Italy. Maps of areas with different vulnerability degrees are an integral part of environmental protection and management policies. It is difficult to assess the intrinsic vulnerability of karst areas since the stage and type of karst structure development and its related underground discharge behaviour are not easy to determine. Therefore, some improvements, which take into account dolines, caves...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Soil Moisture Storage and Hillslope Stability : Volume 7, Issue 5 ...

By: P. A. Troch; R. Uijlenhoet; A. Talebi

Description: Chair of Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Recently, we presented a steady-state analytical hillslope stability model to study rain-induced shallow landslides. This model is based on kinematic wave dynamics of saturated subsurface storage and the infinite slope stability assumption. Here we apply the model to investigate the effect of neglecting the unsaturated storage on the assessment of sl...

Anderson, M. G. and Kemp, M. J.: Towards an improved specification of hillslope hydrology in the analysis of slope instability problems in the tropics, Progress in Physical Geomorphology, 15(1), 29–52, 1991.; Bishop, A. W.: The use of the slip circle in the stability analysis of slopes, Geotechnique 5(1), 7–77, 1955.; Borga, M., Fontana, G. D., Gregoretti, C., and Marchi, L.: Assessment of shallow landsliding by using a physically based model of hillslope stability, Hydr...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Geological Identification of Historical Tsunamis in the Gulf of Co...

By: S. Kortekaas; A. Ganas; A. Diakantoni; A. B. Cundy; G. A. Papadopoulos

Description: Fugro Engineers B.V., Veurse Achterweg 10, 2264 AG Leidschendam, The Netherlands. Geological identification of tsunami deposits is important for tsunami hazard studies, especially in areas where the historical data set is limited or absent. Evidence left by historical tsunamis in the coastal sedimentary record of the Gulf of Corinth was investigated by trenching and coring in Kirra on the north coast and Aliki on the south coast. The Gulf of Corinth has...

Avallone, A., Briole, P., Agatza-Balodimou, A. M., Billiris, H., Charade, O., Mitsakaki, C., Nercessian, A., Papazassi, K., Paradissis, D., and Veis, G.: Analysis of eleven years of deformation measured by GPS in the Corinth Rift laboratory area, Comp. Rend. Geosci., 336, 301–311, 2004.; Bell, R. E., McNeill, L. C., Bull, J. M., Henstock, T. J., Collier, R. E. L. and Leeder, M. R.: Fault architecture, basin structure and evolution of the Gulf of Corinth Rift central Gree...

Read More
  • Cover Image

On Tropical Cyclone Frequency and the Warm Pool Area : Volume 9, I...

By: R. E. Benestad

Description: Norwegian Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 43, 0313, Oslo, Norway. The proposition that the rate of tropical cyclogenesis increases with the size of the warm pool is tested by comparing the seasonal variation of the warm pool area with the seasonality of the number of tropical cyclones. An analysis based on empirical data from the Northern Hemisphere is presented, where the warm pool associated with tropical cyclone activity is defined as the area,

Benestad, R. E.: What can present climate models tell us about climate change? Climatic Change, 59, 311–332, 2003.; Benestad, R. E., 2006: An explanation for the lack of trend in the hurricane frequency, arXiv: physics/0603195., http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0603195, March 2006.; Bengtsson, L., Hodges, K. I., and Roeckner, E., Storm Tracks and Climate Change, J. Climate, 19, 3518–3542, 2006.; Chan, J.: Comments on Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensit...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Investigating Annual and Monthly Trends in Precipitation Structure...

By: J. L. M. P. De Lima; S. C. P. Carvalho; M. I. P. De Lima

Description: Department of Forest Resources, Coimbra College of Agriculture, Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Bencanta, 3040-316 Coimbra, Portugal. This work investigates recent changes in precipitation patterns manifested in long annual and monthly precipitation time series recorded in Portugal. The dataset comprises records from 14 meteorological stations scattered over mainland Portugal and the Portuguese North Atlantic Islands of Madeira and Azores; some of the ...

Alexandersson, H. and Moberg, A.: Homogenization of Swedish temperature data. Part I: Homogeneity test for linear trends, Int. J. Climatol., 17, 25–34, 1997.; Buishand, T. A.: Some methods for testing the homogeneity of rainfall records, J. Hydrol., 58, 11–27, 1982.; Corte-Real, J., Qian, B., and Xu, H.: Regional climate change in Portugal: precipitation variability associated with large-scale atmospheric circulation, Int. J. Climatol., 18, 619–635, 1998.; Costa, A. C. a...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Signal Discrimination of Ulf Electromagnetic Data with Using Singu...

By: S. Saito; C. Yoshino; F. Febriani; D. Kaida; K. Hattori

Description: Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 1–33, Yayoi, Inage, Chiba 263-8522, Japan. Electromagnetic phenomena associated with crustal activities have been reported in a wide frequency range (DC-HF). In particular, ULF electromagnetic phenomena are the most promising among them because of the deeper skin depth. However, ULF geoelctromagnetic data are a superposition of signals of different origins. They originated from interactions between the geoma...

Hayakawa, M. and Molchanov, O. A.: Seismo Electromagnetics Lithosphere-Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling, TERRAPUB, Tokyo, 477 pp., 2002.; Fraser-Smith, A. C., Bernardi, A., McGill, P. R., Ladd, M. E., Helliwell, R. A., and Villard Jr., O. G.: Low-frequency magnetic field measurements near the epicenter of the Ms 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1465–1468, 1990.; Golyandina, N., Nekrutkin, V., and Zhigljavsky, A.: Analysis of Time Series Structure – SSA ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Assessment of Weather-related Risk on Chestnut Productivity : Volu...

By: J. Gomes-laranjo; L. Caramelo; C. Gouveia; M. Magalhães; M. G. Pereira

Description: Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences (CITAB), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal. Due to its economic and nutritional value, the world production of chestnuts is increasing as new stands are being planted in various regions of the world. This work focuses on the relation between weather and annual chestnut production to model the role of weather, to assess the impacts of climate chan...

AFN: available at: http://www.afn.min-agricultura.pt/portal/ifn, last access: December 2010.; Almeida, P., Dinis, L. T., Coutinho, J., Pinto, T., Anjos, R., Ferreira-Cardoso, J., Pimentel-Pereira, M., Peixoto, F., and Gomes-Laranjo, J.: Effect of temperature and radiation on photosynthesis productivity in chestnut populations (Castanea sativa Mill. cv. Judia), Acta Agron. Hung., 55, 193–203, 2007.; Asrar, G., Fuchs...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Non-stationarity in Annual and Seasonal Series of Peak Flow and Pr...

By: T. R. Kjeldsen; C. Svensson; I. Prosdocimi

Description: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK. When designing or maintaining an hydraulic structure, an estimate of the frequency and magnitude of extreme events is required. The most common methods to obtain such estimates rely on the assumption of stationarity, i.e. the assumption that the stochastic process under study is not changing. The public perception and worry of a changing climate...

Cohen, J.: Things I have learned (so far), Am. Psychol., 45, 1304–1312, 1990.; Bard, A., Renard, B., and Lang, M.: Floods in the Alpine areas of Europe, in: Changes in Flood Risk in Europe, edited by: Kundzewicz, Z. K., IAHS Special Publication 10, 362–371, IAHS Press, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK, 2012.; Burt, T. P. and Howden, N. J. K.: North Atlantic Oscillation amplifies orographic precipitation and river flow in upland Britain, Water Resour. Res., 49, 3504–3515,

Read More
  • Cover Image

Forecasting Wind-driven Wildfires Using an Inverse Modelling Appro...

By: W. Jahn; G. Rein; O. Rios

Description: CERTEC: Centre d'Estudis del Risc Tecnològic (Centre for Studies on Technological Risk) Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. A technology able to rapidly forecast wildlfire dynamics would lead to a paradigm shift in the response to emergencies, providing the Fire Service with essential information about the on-going fire. The article at hand presents and explores a...

Anderson, H. E.: Predicting wind-driven wild land fire size and shape, US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1983.; Cowlard, A., Jahn, W., Abecassis-Empis, C., Rein, G., and Torero, J. L.: Sensor assisted fire fighting, Fire Technol., 46, 719–741, 2010.; Finney, M.: FARSITE, fire area simulator – model development and evaluation, vol. 3, US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Statio...

Read More
 
1
|
2
|
3
Records: 1 - 20 of 45 - Pages: 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.