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International catalogue of scientific literature, 1901-1914; DiVol...

By: Royal Society of London

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: Canadian Libraries Collection; Canadian University Library Collection

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Activity and Diversity of Methane-oxidizing Bacteria in Glacier Fo...

By: W. Liesack; B. Dam; P. A. Nauer; M. H. Schroth; J. Zeyer

Description: Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland. The global methane (CH4) cycle is largely driven by methanogenic archaea and methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB), but little is known about their activity and diversity in pioneer ecosystems. We conducted a field survey in forefields of 13 receding Swiss glaciers on both siliceous and calcareous bedrock to investigate and quantify CH4 turnover ba...

Adamsen, A. P. S. and King, G. M.: Methane consumption in temperate and subarctic forest soils: Rates, vertical zonation, and responses to water and nitrogen, Appl. Environ. Microb., 59, 485–490, 1993.; Andersen, B. L., Bidoglio, G., Leip, A., and Rembges, D.: A new method to study simultaneous methane oxidation and methane production in soils, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 12, 587–594, 1998.; Auman, A. J., Speake, C. C., and Lidstrom, M. E.: nifH sequences and nitrogen...

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Seasonal Dynamics of Methane Emissions from a Subarctic Fen in the...

By: M. Tenuta; B. D. Amiro; T. N. Papakyriakou; K. L. Hanis

Description: Department Soil Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Ecosystem-scale methane (CH4) flux (FCH4) over a subarctic fen at Churchill, Manitoba, Canada was measured to understand the magnitude of emissions during spring and fall shoulder seasons, and the growing season in relation to physical and biological conditions. FCH4 was measured using eddy covariance with a cl...

Alm, J. Saarnio, S., Nykanen, H., Silvola, J., and Martikainen, P. J.: Winter CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes on some natural and drained boreal peatlands, Biogeochemistry, 44, 163–186, 1999.; Baer, D. S., Paul, J. B., Gupta, M., and O'Keefe, A.: Sensitive absorption measurements in the near-infrared region using off-axis integrated-cavity-output spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. B, 75, 261–265, 2002.; Brown, R. J. E.: Permafrost in Canada; its influenc...

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Soil Carbon Sequestration by Three Perennial Legume Pastures is Gr...

By: L. Song; F.-m. Li; N. C. Turner; Y.-j. Gu; T.-c. Wang; X.-k. Guan

Description: Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, Agronomy College of Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China. Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a vital role as both a sink for and source of atmospheric carbon. Revegetation of degraded arable land in China is expected to increase soil carbon sequestration, but the role of perennial legumes on soil carbon stocks in semiarid areas has not been quantified. In this study, we assessed ...

Chen, H., Shao, M., and Li, Y.: Soil desiccation in the Loess Plateau of China, Geoderma, 91–100, 2008.; Fu, X., Shao, M., Wei, X., and Horton, R.: Soil organic carbon and total nitrogen as affected by vegetation types in Northern Loess Plateau of China, Geoderma, 155, 31–35, 2010.; Gentile, R. M., Martino, D. L., and Entz, M. H.: Influence of perennial forages on subsoil organic carbon in a long-term rotation study in Uruguay, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 105, 419–423, 2005....

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High Resolution 3-d Temperature and Salinity Fields Derived from i...

By: A.-l. Dhomps; P.-y. Le Traon; G. Larnicol; S. Guinehut

Description: CLS-Space Oceanography Division, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France. This paper describes an observation-based approach that efficiently combines the main components of the global ocean observing system using statistical methods. Accurate but sparse in situ temperature and salinity profiles (mainly from Argo for the last 10 yr) are merged with the lower accuracy but high-resolution synthetic data derived from satellite altimeter and sea surface temperature o...

AVISO: SSALTO/DUACS User Handbook: (M)SLA and (M)ADT near-real time and delayed time products, SALP-MU-P-EA-21065-CLS Edn. 2.9, 73 pp., 2012.; Buongiorno Nardelli, B., Guinehut, S., Pascual, A., Drillet, Y., Ruiz, S., and Mulet, S.: Towards high resolution mapping of 3-D mesoscale dynamics from observations: preliminary comparison of retrieval techniques and models within MESCLA project, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 9, 1045–1083,

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Distribution of Inorganic and Organic Nutrients in the South Pacif...

By: F. Cerutti; P. Raimbault; N. Garcia

Description: Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Géochimie et Ecologie Marine (UMR 6117 CNRS), Centre d'Océanologie de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille, France. During the BIOSOPE cruise the RV Atalante was dedicated to study the biogeochemical properties in the South Pacific between the Marquesas Islands (141° W–8° S) and the Chilean upwelling (73° W–34° S). Over the 8000 km covered by the cruise, several different trophic situati...

Claustre, H., Sciandra, A., and Vaulot, D.: Introduction to the special section: bio-optical and biogeochemical conditions in the South east Pacific late 2004 – the BIOSOPE cruise, Biogeosciences Discuss., 5, 605–640, 2008.; Cline, J. D. and Kaplan, I. R.: Isotopic fractionation of dissolved nitrate during denitrification in the eastern tropical North Pacific Ocean, Mar. Chem., 3, 271–299, 1975.; Copin-Montégut, G. and Avril, B.: Vertical distribution and temporal varait...

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Estimating Mixed Layer Nitrate in the North Atlantic Ocean : Volum...

By: A. Oschlies; A. Körtzinger; S. E. Hartman; T. Friedrich; D. W. R. Wallace; T. Steinhoff

Description: Leibniz Institut für Meereswissenschaften (IFM-GEOMAR), Kiel, Germany. Here we present an equation for the estimation of nitrate in surface waters of the North Atlantic Ocean (40° N to 52° N, 10° W to 60° W). The equation was derived by multiple linear regression (MLR) from nitrate, sea surface temperature (SST) observational data and model mixed layer depth (MLD) data. The observational data were taken from merchant vessels that have crossed the North ...

Castellaro, S., Mulargia, F., and Kagan, Y.: Regression problems for magnitudes, Geophys. J. Int., 165, 913–930, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02955.x, 2006.; Bates, N. R.: Interannual variability of the oceanic {CO}2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the {N}orth {A}tlantic {O}cean over the last 2 decades, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C09013, doi:10.1029/2006JC003759, 2007.; Chierici, M., Olsen, A., Johannessen, T., Trina{ñ}es, J., and Wanninkhof, R.: Algorithms to est...

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Structure of Phytoplankton (Continuous Plankton Recorder and Seawi...

By: R. D. Pingree; S. C. Leterme

Description: Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, UK. All marine organisms are affected to some extent by the movement and thermal properties of oceanic currents. However phytoplankton, because of its small size is most directly coupled to the physical environment. The intense hydrodynamic activity observed in the Northwest Atlantic Shelves Province makes this region especially intriguing from the point of view of p...

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Microbial Responses to Chitin and Chitosan in Oxic and Anoxic Agri...

By: S. Kolb; S. A. Hetz; A. S. Wieczorek

Description: Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany. Microbial degradation of chitin in soil substantially contributes to carbon cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Chitin is globally the second most abundant biopolymer after cellulose and can be deacetylated to chitosan or can be hydrolyzed to N,N-diacetylchitobiose and oligomers of N-acetylglucosamine by aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Which p...

Altschul, S. F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E. W., and Lipman, D. J.: Basic local alignment search tool, J. Mol. Biol., 215, 403–410, 1990.; Arimori, T., Kawamoto, N., Okazaki, N., Nakazawa, M., Miyatake, K., Shinya, S., Fukamizo, T., Ueda, M., and Tamada, T.: Crystal structures of the catalytic domain of a novel glycohydrolase family 23 chitinase from Ralstonia sp. A-471 reveals a unique arrangement of the catalytic residues for inverting chitin hydrolysis, J. ...

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Lack of 13C-label Incorporation Suggests Low Turnover Rates of Tha...

By: J. S. Sinninghe Damsté; H. De Haas; Y. A. Lipsewers; S. Schouten; S. K. Lengger

Description: Department of Marine Organic Biogeochemistry, Royal NIOZ Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, Texel, the Netherlands. Thaumarchaeota are amongst the most abundant microorganisms in aquatic environments, however, their metabolism in marine sediments is still debated. Labeling studies in marine sediments have previously been undertaken, but focused on complex organic carbon substrates which Thaumarchaeota have not yet been shown to take ...

Agogué, H., Brink, M., Dinasquet, J., and Herndl, G. J.: Major gradients inputatively nitrifying and non-nitrifying archaea in the deep North Atlantic, Nature, 456, 788–791, 2008.; Alonso-Sáez, L., Waller, A. S., Mende, D. R., Bakker, K., Farnelid, H., Yager, P. L., Lovejoy, C., Tremblay, J.-É., Potvin, M., Heinrich, F., Estrada, M., Riemann, L., Bork, P., Pedrós-Alió, C., and Bertilsson, S.: Role for urea in nitrification by polar marine Archaea, P. Natl. Acd. Sci. USA,...

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Responses of Carbon Dioxide Flux and Plant Biomass to Water Table ...

By: B. Xu; M. Perkins; M. Strack; T. M. Munir

Description: Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Northern peatland ecosystems represent large carbon (C) stocks that are susceptible to changes such as accelerated mineralization due to water table lowering expected under a climate change scenario. During the growing seasons (1 May to 31 October) of 2011 and 2012 we monitored CO2 fluxes and plant biomass along a microtopographic gradient (hummocks-hollows) in an undisturbe...

Adkinson, A. C., Syed, K. H., and Flanagan, L. B.: Contrasting responses of growing season ecosystem CO2 exchange to variation in temperature and water table depth in two peatlands in northern Alberta, Canada, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci., 116, G01004, doi:10.1029/2010jg001512, 2011.; Alm, J., Schulman, L., Walden, J., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P. J., and Silvola, J.: Carbon balance of a boreal bog during a yea...

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What Are the Main Climate Drivers for Shrub Growth in Northeastern...

By: U. Sass-klaassen; M. M. P. D. Heijmans; F. Berendse; G. Schaepman-strub; D. Blok; P. Sauren

Description: Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group, Wageningen University, P. O. Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Deciduous shrubs are expected to rapidly expand in the Arctic during the coming decades due to climate warming. A transition towards more shrub-dominated tundra may have large implications for the regional surface energy balance, permafrost stability and carbon storage capacity, with consequences for the global climate system. However, ...

ACIA: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, Impacts of a Warming Arctic, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 99–150, 2004.; Bär, A., Bräuning, A., and Löffler, J.: Dendroecology of dwarf shrubs in the high mountains of Norway – A methodological approach, Dendrochronologia, 24, 17–27, 2006.; Bär, A., Pape, R., Bräuning, A., and Löffler, J.: Growth-ring variations of dwarf shrubs reflect regional climate signals in alpine environments rather than topoclimati...

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Sources and Export of Particle-borne Organic Matter During a Monso...

By: O. Evrard; S. Huon; O. Ribolzi; S. Ayrault; E. Gourdin; O. Sengtaheuanghoung; T. Bariac

Description: Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), UMR 8212 (CEA-CNRS-UVSQ-IPSL), Domaine du CNRS, avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France. The yields of the tropical rivers of Southeast Asia supply large quantities of carbon to the ocean. The origin and dynamics of particulate organic matter were studied in the Houay Xon River catchment located in northern Laos during the first erosive flood of the rainy season in May 2012...

Chaplot, V. and Poesen, J.: Sediment, soil organic carbon and runoff delivery at various spatial scales, Catena, 88, 46–56, 2012.; Amundson, R., Austin, A. T., Schuur, E. A. G., Yoo, K., Matzek, V., Kendall, C., Uebersax, A., Brenner, D., and Baisden, W. T.: Global patterns of the isotopic composition of soil and plant nitrogen, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 17, 1031, doi:10.1029/2002GB001903, 2003.; Balesdent, J., Girardin, C...

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Constraints on Oceanic N Balance/Imbalance from Sedimentary 15N Re...

By: M. A. Altabet

Description: School for Marine Science and Technology, U. Massachusetts Dartmouth, New Bedford, USA. According to current best estimates, the modern ocean's N cycle is in severe deficit. N isotope budgeting provides an independent geochemical constraint in this regard as well as the only means for past reconstruction. Overall, it is the relative proportion of N2 fixation consumed by water column denitrification that sets average oceanic Δ15N und...

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Bulletin - New York State Museum

By: New York State Museum

Description: No. 52-79, Bulletin of the University of the state of New York; no. 80-118, Bulletin of the New York State Education Dept

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Regional Scale Modelling of Meteorology and Co2 for the Cabauw Tal...

By: A. J. Dolman; A. G. C. A. Meesters; G. J. Steeneveld; W. Peters; A. T. Vermeulen; M. Groenendijk; L. F. Tolk

Description: VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. We simulated meteorology and atmospheric CO2 transport over the Netherlands with the mesoscale model RAMS-Leaf3 coupled to the biospheric CO2 flux model 5PM. The results were compared with meteorological and CO2 observations, with particular attention to the tall tower of Cabauw. An analysis of the coupled exchange of energy, moisture and CO2 showed that the...

Ahmadov, R., Gerbig, C., Kretschmer, R., K�rner, S., Rödenbeck, C., Bousquet, P., and Ramonet, M.: Comparing high resolution WRF-VPRM simulations and two global CO2 transport models with coastal tower measurements of CO2, Biogeosciences, 6, 807–817, 2009.; Aubinet, M., Chermanne, B., Vandenhaute, M., Longdoz, B., Yernaux, M., and Laitat, E.: Long term carbon dioxide exchange above a mixed forest in the Belgian Ardennes, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 108(4), 293–315, ...

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Integrating Field Sampling, Spatial Statistics and Remote Sensing ...

By: E. A. Addink; D. Karssenberg; E. G. Couto; J. Arieira; J. O. Skøien; C. Nunes Da Cunha; S. M. De Jong

Description: Instituto Nacional de Áreas Úmidas (INAU), Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá-MT, 78060-900, Brazil. To improve the protection of wetlands, it is imperative to have a thorough understanding of their structuring elements and of the identification of efficient methods to describe and monitor them. This article uses sophisticated statistical classification, interpolation and error propagation techniques, in order to describe vegetation spatial patte...

Bullock, J.: Plants, in: Ecological census techniques: a handbook, edited by: Sutherland, W. J., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 111–138, 1996.; Ab'Saber, A. N.: O Pantanal Matogrossense e a teoria dos refúgios, Rev. Bras. Geog., 50, 9–57, 1988.; Alvarenga, S. M., Brasil, A. E., Pinheiro, R., and Kux, H. J. H.: Estudo geomorfológico aplicado à Bacia do alto Rio Paraguai e Pantanais Matogrossenses, Boletim Técnico Projeto RADAM/BRASIL, Série Geomorfologia, Salvador, 187,...

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New Insights of PCo2 Variability in the Tropical Eastern Pacific O...

By: J. Boutin; L. Merlivat; C. W. Brown

Description: Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06)-CNRS-IRD-MNHN, LOCEAN Laboratory, 4 place Jussieu, 75005, Paris, France. Complex oceanic circulation and air–sea interaction make the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (ETPO) a highly variable source of CO2 to the atmosphere. Although the scientific community have amassed 70 000 surface partial-pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) datapoints within the ETPO region over the ...

Alexander, M. A., Seo, H., Xie, S. P., and Scott, J. D.: ENSO's impact on the gap wind regions of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, J. Climate, 25, 3549–3565, 2012.; Alory, G., Maes, C., Delcroix, T., Reul, N., and Illig, S.: Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: the far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool, J. Geophys. Res., 117, 4208–4218, 2012.; Bakker, D. C. E., Pfeil, B., Smith, K., Hankin, S., Olsen, A., Alin, S. R., Cosca, C., Harasawa, S., Kozyr, A., Noji...

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A Synthesis of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-fuel Combustio...

By: P. Rayner; D. Erickson; T. A. Boden; F.-m. Bréon; K. Treanton; P. Ciais; J. S. Gregg; S. Davis; J. G. J. Olivier; J. Miller; T. Oda; A. Jacobson; R. J. Andres; M. R. Raupach; G. Marland

Description: Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6290 USA. This synthesis discusses the emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil-fuel combustion and cement production. While much is known about these emissions, there is still much that is unknown about the details surrounding these emissions. This synthesis explores our knowledge of these emissions in terms of why there is concern about them; how they are calculated; th...

Ackerman, K. V. and Sundquist, E. T.: Comparison of two US power-plant carbon dioxide emissions data sets, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 5688–5693, doi:10.1021/es800221q, 2008.; Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., and Meinshausen, N.: Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions: Towards the trillionth tonne, Nature, 458, 1163–1166,

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Measuring and Modelling the Isotopic Composition of Soil Respirati...

By: D. R. Bowling; U. Gamnitzer; H. Schnyder; A. B. Moyes

Description: Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre, Technische Universität München, Alte Akademie 12, 85350 Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany. The carbon isotopic composition (Δ13C) of CO2 efflux (Δefflux) in ecosystems is generally interpreted to represent the actual isotopic composition of respiration (Δresp). However, soils contain a large CO2 pool in air-filled pores. This pool receives CO

Campbell, G. S. and Norman, J. M.: An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics, Springer, New York, 1998.; Aguilera, J., Van Dijken, J. P., De Winde, J. H., and Pronk, J. T.: Carbonic anhydrase (NCE103p): an essential biosynthetic enzyme for growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae at atmospheric carbon dioxide pressure, Biochem. J., 391, 311–316, 2005.; Amoroso, G., Morell-Avrahov, L., Müller, D., Klug, K., and Sültemeyer, D.: The gene NCE103 (YNL036w) from Saccharo...

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