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Reality Checks on Microbial Food Web Interactions in Dilution Expe...

By: A. Calbet; M. R. Landry

Description: Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093-0227, USA. Microzooplankton grazing rate estimates by the dilution approach have recently been criticized as systematically biased in the direction of being overestimates of actual rates in nature, and particularly in the open oceans. This argument is based on observed mortality responses of ciliated proto...

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Nature; Volume: 71 Nov. 1904 - Apr. 1905

By: Lockyer, Joseph Norman, Sir 1836-1920, Editor

Rare book preservation notes: Due to the deteriorated condition of this book, there were limitations with the digital preservation of this books. There may be pages missing, narrow margins or page content running into the gutter. Because of the historic u

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Possible Signals of Poleward Surface Ocean Heat Transport, of Arct...

By: J. B. Matthews; J. B. R. Matthews

Description: Tennis Road, Douglas, Isle of Man, British Isles. This is the second of two papers on observational timeseries of top of ocean heat capture. The first reports hourly and daily meridional central tropical Pacific top 3 m timeseries showing high Southern Hemisphere evaporation (2.67 m yr−1) and Northern Hemisphere trapped heat (12 MJ m−2 day−1). We suggested that wind drift/geostrophic stratified gyre circulation tr...

Aagaard, K. and Carmack, E.: The role of sea-ice and other freshwater in the Arctic Circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14485–14498, doi:10.1029/JC094iC10p14485, 1989.; Aberson, S. D.: Regimes and cycles in tropical cyclone activity in the north Atlantic, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 90, 39–43, doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2549.1, 2009.; Allen, E. J.: The Stockholm Fisheries Confer...

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Carbon Dioxide Emissions from an Acacia Plantation on Peatland in ...

By: S. E. Page; J. Jauhiainen; A. Hooijer

Description: Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Peat surface CO2 emission, groundwater table depth and peat temperature were monitored for two years along transects in an Acacia plantation on thick tropical peat (>4 m) in Sumatra, Indonesia. A total of 2300 emission measurements were taken at 144 locations, over a 2 year period. The autotrophic root respiration compone...

Couwenberg, J., Dommain, R., and Joosten, H.: Greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands in southeast Asia, Glob. Change Biol., 16, 1715–1732, 2010.; Chimner, R. A. and Ewel, K. C.: Differences in carbon fluxes between forested and cultivated Micronesian tropical peatlands, Wetl. Ecol. Manag., 12, 419–427, 2004.; Ali, M., Taylor, D., and Inubushi, K.: Effects of environmental variations on CO2 flux from a tropical peatland in eastern Sumatra, Wetlands, 26, ...

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Kinetic Bottlenecks to Respiratory Exchange Rates in the Deep-sea ...

By: E. T. Peltzer; P. G. Brewer; A. F. Hofmann

Description: Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039-9644, USA. Ocean warming is now reducing dissolved oxygen concentrations, which can pose challenges to marine life. Oxygen limits are traditionally reported simply as a static concentration threshold with no temperature, pressure or flow rate dependency. Here we treat the oceanic oxygen supply potential for heterotrophic consumption as a dynamic molecular exchan...

Poertner, H. O. and Knust, R.: Climate Change Affects Marine Fishes Through the Oxygen Limitation of Thermal Tolerance, Science, 315, 95–97, doi:10.1126/science.1135471, 2007.; R Development Core Team: R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, http://www.R-project.org, ISBN 3-900051-07-0, 2010.; Riedel, B., Zus...

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Technical Note: the Simple Diagnostic Photosynthesis and Respirati...

By: N. Carvalhais; C. Rödenbeck; M. Reichstein; B. Badawy; M. Heimann

Description: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. We present a Simple Diagnostic Photosynthesis and Respiration Model (SDPRM) that has been developed based on pre-existing formulations. The photosynthesis model is based on the light use efficiency logic for calculating the gross primary production (GPP), while the ecosystem respiration (Reco) is a modified version of an Arrhenius-type equation. SDPRM is driven by satellite-deriv...

Baker, D. F., Doney, S. C., and Schimel, D. S.: Variational data assimilation for atmospheric CO2, Tellus B, 58, 359–365, 2006.; Baldocchi, D., Reichstein, M., Papale, D., Koteen, L., Vargas, R., Agarwal, D., and Cook, R.: The role of trace gas flux networks in the biogeosciences, EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 93, 217–218, 2012.; Baldocchi, D. D.: Assessing ecosystem carbon balance: problems and prospects of the eddy covariance technique, Global Change Biol....

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Nitrate Removal in a Restored Riparian Groundwater System: Functio...

By: R. Brankatschk; R. Rechsteiner; S. Diem; M. F. Lehmann; S. Peter; B. Wehrli; T. Vogt; E. Durisch-kaiser; K. Tockner

Description: Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland. For the design and the assessment of river restoration projects, it is important to know to what extent the elimination of reactive nitrogen (N) can be improved in the riparian groundwater. We investigated the effectiveness of different riparian zones, characterized by a riparian vegetation succession, for nitrate (NO3) removal from infiltrat...

Abbaspour, K. C., Yang, J., Maximov, I., Siber, R., Bogner, K., Mieleitner, J., Zobrist, J., and Srinivasan, R.: Modelling hydrology and water quality in the pre-alpine/alpine Thur watershed using SWAT, J. Hydrol., 333, 413–430, 2007.; Aronsson, P. and Perttu, K.: Willow vegetation filters for wastewater treatment and soil remediation combined with biomass production, Forest Chron, 77, 293–299, 2001.; Baker, M. A. and Vervier, P.: Hydrological variability, organic matter...

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Seasonal Methane Emission from a Boreal Peatland in Continuous Per...

By: C. Song; L. Sun; X. Wang; R. Mao; H. Meng; Y. Miao

Description: Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, China. Boreal peatlands are significant natural sources of methane and especially vulnerable to abrupt climate change. However, the controlling factors of CH4 emission in boreal peatlands are still unclear. In this study, we investigated CH4 fluxes and abiotic factors (temperature, water table depth, active layer depth, and dissolved...

Bartlett, K. B., Crill, P. M., Sass, R. L., Harriss, R. C., and Dise, N. B.: Methane emissions from Tundra environments in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 97, 16645–16660, 1992.; Christensen, T. R.: Methane emission from arctic tundra, Biogeochemistry, 21, 117–139, 1993.; Bellisario, L. M., Bubier, J. L., Moore, T. R., and Chanton, J. P.: Controls on CH4 emissions from a northern peatland, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 13, 81–91, 1999.; B...

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Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs forhand...

By: Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: Biodiversity Heritage Library Collection; NY Botanical Garden; Historical Literature; Title varies slightly; Fortegnelse over det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs publikationer, 1742-1930: 1929/1930

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Proceedings of the United States National Museum

By: United States National Museum; United States. Dept. of the Interior; Smithsonian Institution

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Vols. 1-18 dated 1878-95; v. 19- have imprint date only; Vol. 1-10 issued by: Dept. of the Interior, U.S. National Museum (published under the direction of the Smithsonian Institution); v. 11-125: Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum SERBIB/SERLOC merged record

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Photosynthesis of Boreal Ground Vegetation After a Forest Clear-cu...

By: L. Kulmala; T. Vesala; J. Pumpanen; P. Hari

Description: Department of Forest Ecology, University of Helsinki, Finland. Heather (Calluna vulgaris), rosebay willowherb (Epilobium angustifolium), wavy hair-grass (Deschampsia flexuosa) and raspberry (Rubus idaeus) are typical species at boreal clear-cut sites. In this study, we measured their photosynthesis separately in the growing season of 2005 using a manual chamber. All measured species showed clear and species-specific seasonal...

DeLucia, E., Heckathorn, S. A., and Day, T. A.: Effects of soil temperature on growth,biomass allocation and resource acquisition, New Phytol., 120, 543–549, 1992.; Carew, J. G., Mahmood, K., Darby, J., Hadley, P., and Battey, N. H.: The effect of temperature, photosynthetic photon flux density, and photoperiod on the vegetative growth and flowering of 'Autumn Bliss' raspberry, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 128, 291–296, 2003.; Chapin III, F. S., Bloom, A. J., Field, C. B., ...

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New York State Museum Bulletin

By: New York State Museum

Description: Title from cover

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Voc Emissions from Dry Leaf Litter and Their Dependence on Tempera...

By: F. Keppler; A. Wishkerman; R. Holzinger; L. Derendorp; T. Röckmann

Description: Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research Utrecht (IMAU), Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584ED Utrecht, The Netherlands. Emissions of several volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from dry leaf litter at temperatures in the range 20–100 °C are reported for different plant species. The emission rates of ethane, ethene, propane, propene, n-pentane and methyl chloride increase exponentially with temperature and follow the Arrhenius re...

Atkins, P. and de Paula, J.: Physical Chemistry, 7th edn., Oxford University Press, 2002.; Bouvier-Brown, N. C., Holzinger, R., Palitzsch, K., and Goldstein, A. H.: Large emissions of sesquiterpenes and methyl chavicol quantified from branch enclosure measurements, Atmos. Environ., 43, 389–401, 2009.; Bressan, R. A., LeCureux, L., Wilson, L. G., and Filner, P.: Emission of ethylene and ethane by leaf tissue exposed to injurious concentrations of sulfur dioxide or bisulfi...

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Cesium-134 and 137 Activities in the Central North Pacific Ocean A...

By: K.O. Buesseler; H. Dulaiova; S. M. Pike; K. Št'Astná; J. Kameník

Description: Department of Geology and Geophysics, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1680 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI-96822, USA. Surface seawater 134Cs and 137Cs samples were collected in the central and western North Pacific Ocean during the 1.5 yr after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident to monitor dispersion patterns of these radioisotopes towards the Hawaiian Islan...

Aarkrog, A.: Input of anthropogenic radionuclides into the World Ocean, Deep-Sea Res. Pt II, 50, 2597–2606, 2003.; Aoyama, M., Tsumune, D., and Hamajima, Y.: Distribution of 137Cs and 134Cs in the North Pacific Ocean: impacts of the TEPCO Fukushima-Daiichi NPP accident, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Ch, doi:10.1007/s10967-012-2033-2, in press, 2012.; Aoyama, M., Uematsu, M., Tsumune, D., and Hamajima, Y....

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Biodegradability of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Permafrost Soils a...

By: R. G. M. Spencer; P. J. Mann; R. G. Striegl; S. E. Tank; B. W. Abbott; J. E. Vonk; C. C. Treat; K. P. Wickland

Description: Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. As Arctic regions warm, the large organic carbon pool stored in permafrost becomes increasingly vulnerable to thaw and decomposition. The transfer of newly mobilized carbon to the atmosphere and its potential influence upon climate change will largely depend on the reactivity and subsequent fate of carbon delivered to aquatic ecosystems. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is a key r...

Harms, T. K. and Jones, J. B.: Thaw depth determines reaction and transport of inorganic nitrogen in valley bottom permafrost soils, Glob. Change Biol., 18, 2958–2968, 2012.; Holmes, R. M., McClelland, J. W., Raymond, P. A., Frazer, B. B., Peterson, B. J., and Stieglitz, M.: Lability of DOC transported by Alaskan rivers to the Arctic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L03402, doi:10.1029/2007GL032837, 2008.; Holmes, R. M., ...

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Summer and Winter Living Coccolithophores in the Yellow Sea and th...

By: Y. Y. Feng; S. F. Jin; H. Y. Jin; X. Y. Gu; W. S. Jiang; J. Sun; J. F. Chen

Description: College of Marine Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin, 300457, China. This paper describes the distribution of living coccolithophores (LCs) in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in summer and winter, and its relationship with environmental factors by canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). We carried out a series of investigations on LCs distribution in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in July and Dece...

Andruleit, H., Stager, S., Rogalla, U., and Cepek, P.: Living coccolithophores in the northern Arabian Sea: ecological tolerances and environmental control, Mar. Micropaleontol., 49, 157–181, 2003.; Baumann, K. H., Andruleit, H. A., Böckel, B., Geisen, M., and Kinel, H.: The significance of extant coccolithophores as indicators of ocean water masses, surface water temperature, and paleoproductivity: a review, Paläontolog. Zeitschr, 79, 93–112, 2005.; Braak, C. J. F.: Can...

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Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Austral...

By: Royal Society of South Australia

Description: Vol. 25 (1901)-44 (1920). 1 v. Vols. 45 (1921)-91 (1967). 1 v. (Includes index to the journal under its later title)

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The Contribution of Eastern-boundary Density Variations to the Atl...

By: W. E. Johns; T. Kanzow; J. Marotzke; M. P. Chidichimo; S. A. Cunningham

Description: Ozean im Erdsystem, Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Bundesstraße 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. We study the contribution of eastern-boundary density variations to sub-seasonal and seasonal anomalies of the strength and vertical structure of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) at 26.5° N, by means of the RAPID/MOCHA mooring array between April 2004 and October 2007. The major density anomalies are found in the upper 500 m, and they ...

Baringer, M. O. and Larsen, J. C.: Sixteen years of Florida Current transport at 27° N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(16), 3179–3182, 2001.; Baringer, M. O., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Shoosmith, D., and Bryden, H. L.: On the Structure of Florida Current Variability. Poster presentation at the Rapid Climate Change 2008 annual meeting, Cambridge, UK, online available at: http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/rapid...

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An Operational Forecasting System for the Meteorological and Marin...

By: R. Inghilesi; F. Catini; P. Lanucara; M. Casaioli; P. Malguzzi; A. Orasi; S. Mariani

Description: Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Rome, Italy. The coupling of a suite of meteorological limited area models with a wave prediction system based on the nesting of different wave models provides for medium-range sea state forecasts at the Mediterranean, regional and coastal scale. The new system has been operational at ISPRA since September 2012, after the upgrade of both the meteorological BOLAM model and larg...

Bellafiore, D., Bucchignani, E., Gualdi, S., Carniel, S., Djurdjevi'c, V., and Umgiesser, G.: Assessment of meteorological climate models as inputs for coastal studies. Ocean Dynam., 62, 555–568, 2012.; Bertotti, L. and Cavaleri, L.: On the influence of resolution on wave modeled results in the Mediterranean Sea, Nuovo Cimento, 29, 411–419, doi:10.1393/ncc/i2005-10210-6, 2006.; Bertotti, L. and Cavaleri, L.: Large a...

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High-field Nmr Spectroscopy and Fticr Mass Spectrometry: Powerful ...

By: B. Michalke; M. Harir; N. Hertkorn; P. Schmitt-kopplin; B. P. Koch

Description: Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Research Unit Analytical Biogeochemistry (BGC), Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany. High-performance, non-target, high-resolution organic structural spectroscopy was applied to solid phase extracted marine dissolved organic matter (SPE-DOM) isolated from four different depths in the open South Atlantic Ocean off the Angola coast (3° E, 18° S; Angola Basin) and...

Koch, B. P. and Kattner, G.: Sources and rapid biogeochemical transformation of dissolved organic matter in the Atlantic surface ocean, Biogeosciences, 9, 2597–2602, doi:10.5194/bg-9-2597-2012, 2012.; Koch, B. P., Witt, M. R., Engbrodt, R., Dittmar, T., and Kattner, G.: Molecular formulae of marine and terrigenous dissolved organic matter detected by electrospray ionization fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mas...

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