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Monograph

By: Philippines. Bureau of Science

Description: Mode of access: Internet

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Science : Volume 15

By: Michels, John, 1875, Editor; American Association for the Advancement of Science
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Öfversigt Af Kongl. Vetenskaps-akademiens Forhandlingar

By: Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien

Description: Supplements accompany some issues

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Radiative Forcing Bias of Surface Albedo Modifications Linked to S...

By: C. Antón-fernández; R. Astrup; G. Myhre; R. M. Bright; A. H. Strømman

Description: Industrial Ecology Program, Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Sem Sælands vei 7, E-1, 7491 Trondheim, Norway. Simulated land use/land cover change (LULCC) radiative forcings (RF) from changes in surface albedo (ΔΑ) predicted by land surface schemes of six leading climate models were compared to those based on daily MODIS retrievals for three regions in Norway and for three winter–spring seasons. As expected...

Best, M.: JULES Technical Documentation, Met Office, Joint Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Research, Wallingford, UK, 2009.; Boisier, J. P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Pitman, A. J., Cruz, F. T., Delire, C., van den Hurk, B. J. J. M., van der Molen, M. K., Müller, C., and Voldoire, A.: Attributing the impacts of land-cover changes in temperate regions on surface temperature and heat fluxes to specific causes: results from the first LUCID set of simulations, J. Geophys. Res....

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Short-term Impacts of Enhanced Greenland Freshwater Fluxes in an E...

By: J. L. Bamber; B. A. De Cuevas; Y. Aksenov; D. Desbruyères; R. Marsh; A. C. Coward

Description: School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, European Way, Southampton, Hampshire SO14 3ZH, UK. In a sensitivity experiment, an eddy-permitting ocean general circulation model is forced with realistic freshwater fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet, averaged for the period 1991–2000. The fluxes are obtained with a mass balance model for the ice sheet, forced with the ERA-40 reanalysis dataset. The freshwater flux is distributed around Gre...

Bacon, S., Reverdin, G., Rigor, I. G., and Snaith, H. M.: A freshwater jet on the east Greenland Shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C7), 1–5, doi:10.1029/2001JC000935, 2002.; Bigg, G. R., Wadley, M. R., Stevens, D. P., and Johnson, J. A.: Modelling the dynamics and thermodynamics of icebergs, Cold Regions Sci. Technol., 26, 113–135, 1997.; Bougamont, M., Bamber J. L., and Greuell, W.: A surface mass balance model for the Greenland Ice Sheet, J. Geophys. Res., 110, F04018, doi:...

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Dissolved Greenhouse Gases (Nitrous Oxide and Methane) Associated ...

By: V. Besoain; C. Fernández; L. Florez-leiva; L. Farías

Description: Departamento de Oceanografía. Universidad of Concepción and Centro de Ciencia del Clima y la Resiliencia (CR)2, Chile. The concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) like nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) were measured in the Kerguelen Plateau Region (KPR), an area with annual microalgal bloom caused by natural Fe fertilization, which may stimulate microbes involved in GHG cycling. This study was carried out during...

Damm, E., Helmke, E., Thoms, S., Schauer, U., Nöthig, E., Bakker, K., and Kiene, R. P.: Methane production in aerobic oligotrophic surface water in the central Arctic Ocean, Biogeosciences, 7, 1099–1108, doi:10.5194/bg-7-1099-2010, 2010.; d'Ovidio, F., Zhou, M., Park, Y. H., Nencioli, F., Resplandy, L., Doglioli, A., Petrenko, A., Blain, S., and Queguiner, B.: Guiding biogeochemical campaigns with high resolution altim...

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Oxygen Isotope Ratios in the Shell of Mytilus Edulis: Archives of ...

By: A. D. Wanamaker Jr.; M. E. Blicher; J. Mortensen; E. A. A. Versteegh; T. D. Als; S. Rysgaard

Description: Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Reading, Reading, UK. Melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) is accelerating and will contribute significantly to global sea level rise during the 21st century. Instrumental data on GrIS melting only cover the last few decades, and proxy data extending our knowledge into the past are vital for validating models predicting the influence of ongoing climate change. We investigated a potent...

Abell, P. I. and Hoelzmann, P.: Holocene palaeoclimates in northwestern Sudan: stable isotope studies on molluscs, Global Planet. Change, 26, 1–12, doi:10.1016/S0921-8181(00)00030-8, 2000.; Alley, R. B., Andrews, J. T., Brigham-Grette, J., Clarke, G. K. C., Cuffey, K. M., Fitzpatrick, J. J., Funder, S., Marshall, S. J., Miller, G. H., Mitrovica, J. X., Muhs, D. R., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Polyak, L., and White, J....

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Organic Matter Dynamics and Stable Isotopes for Tracing Sources of...

By: C. Alewell; Y. Schindler Wildhaber; R. Liechti

Description: Institute for Environmental Geosciences, Basel, Switzerland. Suspended sediment (SS) and organic matter in rivers can harm brown trout Salmo trutta by impact on health and fitness of free swimming fish and siltation of the riverbed. The later results in a decrease of hydraulic conductivity and therefore smaller oxygen supply to the salmonid embryos. Additionally, oxygen demand within riverbeds will increase as the pool of organic m...

Acornley, R. M. and Sear, D. A.: Sediment transport and siltation of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) spawning gravels in chalk streams, Hydrol. Process., 13, 447–458, 1999.; Alewell, C., Meusburger, K., Brodbeck, M., and Banninger, D.: Methods to describe and predict soil erosion in mountain regions, Landscape Urban Plan., 88, 46–53, doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.08.007, 2008.; Amundson, R., Austin, A....

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Trichodesmium and Nitrogen Fixation in the Kuroshio : Volume 12, I...

By: F. Hashihama; S. Takeda; S. Itoh; X. Liu; K. Furuya; T. Shiozaki; T. Kodama

Description: Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan. Nitrogen fixation in the Kuroshio influences nitrogen balance in the North Pacific Ocean. The genus Trichodesmium is recognized as a major diazotroph in the Kuroshio. Although its abundance is higher in the Kuroshio than in adjacent waters, the reason for this difference remains unclear. The present study invest...

Bell, P. R. F., Elmetri, I., and Uwins, P.: Nitrogen fixation by Trichodesmium spp. in the central and northern Great Barrier Reef lagoon: relative importance of the fixed-nitrogen load, Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser., 186, 119–126, 1999.; Brown, M. T., Landing, W. M., and Measures, C. I.: Dissolved and particulate Fe in the western and central North Pacific: results from the 2002 IOC cruise, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 6, Q10001,

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Exploring B/CA as a Ph Proxy in Bivalves: Relationships Between My...

By: C. A. Pfister; J. T. Wootton; S. J. McCoy; N. Shimizu; L. F. Robinson

Description: Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. A distinct gap in our ability to understand changes in coastal biology that may be associated with recent ocean acidification is the paucity of directly measured ocean environmental parameters at coastal sites in recent decades. Thus, many researchers have turned to sclerochronological reconstructions of water chemistry to document the historical seawater environment. In ...

Al-Ammar, A., Reitznerova, E., and Barnes, R. M.: Improving boron isotope ratio measurement precision with quadrupole inductively copuled plasma-mass spectrometry, Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 55, 1861–1867, 2000.; Broecker, W. S. and Peng, T.-H.: Tracers in the Sea. Eldigo Press, Palisades, New York, USA, 690 pp., 1982.; Al-Ammar, A., Gupta, R. K., and Barnes, R. M.: Elimination of boron memory effect in inductively coupled mass=spectrometry by addition of ammonia. Spec...

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Towards an Unbiased Estimate of Fluctuations in Reef Abundance and...

By: W. Kiessling

Description: Museum of Natural History, Humboldt-University Berlin, Invalidenstr. 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany. The globally preserved number and volume of ancient biogenic reefs is strongly biased by two factors: geological history and research intensity. These biases are sufficiently strong to cast doubts on the biological meaning of the recorded raw pattern. Without adjustment it is hard or impossible to identify factors potentially controlling the waxing and waning ...

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Izviestiia Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk = Bulletin De L'Académie Im...

By: Imperatorskaia Akademiia Nauk (Russia)

Description: Vols. 1 (1907)-v. 10 (1916), with v. 10

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Numerical Implementation and Oceanographic Application of the Ther...

By: D. R. Jackett; A. Feistel; U. Overhoff; G. M. Marion; W. Wagner; R. Feistel; J. H. Reissmann; K. Miyagawa; C. Guder; D. G. Wright

Description: Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS, B2Y 4A2, Canada. The SCOR/IAPSO1 Working Group 127 on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater has prepared recommendations for new methods and algorithms for numerical estimation of the the thermophysical properties of seawater. As an outcome of this work, a new International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater (TEOS–10) was endorsed by IOC/UNESCO2 in June 2009 as the offici...

Dauphinee, T. M.: Introduction to the special issue on the Practical salinity Scale 1978, IEEE J. Oceanic Eng., OE-5, 1–2, 1980.; Feistel, R.: A new extended Gibbs thermodynamic potential of seawater, Progr. Oceanogr., 58, 43–115, 2003.; Feistel, R.: Numerical implementation and oceanographic application of the Gibbs thermodynamic potential of seawater, Ocean Sci., 1, 9–16, doi:10.5194/os-1-9-2005, 2005.; Feistel, R.: A Gibbs Function for Seawater Thermodynamics for −6 t...

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Coordination of Physiological and Structural Traits in Amazon Fore...

By: S. Patiño; M. Schwarz; J. Lloyd; C. A. Quesada; O. L. Phillips; H. Ter Steege; A. J. B. Santos; R. Paiva; T. R. Baker; N. M. Fyllas

Description: Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie, Postfach 100164, 07701, Jena, Germany. Many plant traits covary in a non-random manner reflecting interdependencies associated with ecological strategy dimensions. To understand how plants modulate their structural investments to best maintain and utilise their physiological capabilities, data on leaf and leaflet size and the ratio of leaf area to sapwood area (ΦLS) obtained for 1040 tree species located ...

Baker, T. R., Phillips, O. L., Laurance, W. F., Pitman, N. C. A., Almeida, S., Arroyo, L., DiFiore, A., Erwin, T., Higuchi, N., Killeen, T. J., Laurance, S. G., Nascimento, H., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D. A., Silva, J. N. M., Malhi, Y., López Gonzalez, G., Peacock, J., Quesada, C. A., Lewis, S. L., and Lloyd, J.: Do species traits determine patterns of wood production in Amazonian forests?, Biogeosciences, 6, 297–307, doi:10....

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Introduction to the Biogeochemistry from the Oligotrophic to the U...

By: L. Prieur; F. Van Wambeke; T. Moutin

Description: Aix-Marseille Université, Université du Sud Toulon-Var, CNRS/INSU, UMR 6535, IRD, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography MIO, UM 110, 13288, Marseille, Cedex 09, France. The overall goal of the BOUM (Biogeochemistry from the Oligotrophic to the Ultraoligotrophic Mediterranean) experiment was to obtain a better representation of the interactions between planktonic organisms and the cycle of biogenic elements in the Mediterranean Sea (MS), in the context o...

Anderson, L. A. and Sarmiento, J. L.: Redfield ratios of remineralization determined by nutrients data analysis, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 8, 65–80, 1994.; Avril, B.: DOC Dynamics in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (DYFAMED site), Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 49, 2163–2182, 2002.; Behrenfeld, M. J.: Abandoning Sverdrup's Critical Depth Hypothesis on phytoplankton blooms, Ecology, 91, 977–989, 2010.; Benitez-Nelson, C. R. and McGuillicuddy D. J.: Mesoscale Physical-Biological-B...

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Evaluation of Wet Troposphere Path Delays from Atmospheric Reanaly...

By: M. Ablain; S. Thao; J.-f. Legeais

Description: Collecte Localisation Satellites, Parc Technologique du canal, 8–10 rue Hermès, 31520 Ramonville Saint-Agne, France. The assessment of long-term errors in altimeter sea level measurements is essential for studies related to the mean sea level (MSL) evolution. One of the main contributors to the long-term sea level uncertainties is the correction of the altimeter range from the wet troposphere path delay, which is provided by onboard microwave radio...

AVISO: TOPEX/Poseidon validation activities, 13 years of T/P data (GDR-Ms), CLS.DOS/NT/05.240. SALP-RP-MA-EA-21315-CLS, available at: www.aviso.altimetry.fr/fileadmin/documents/calval/validation_report/TP/annual_report_tp_2005.pdf (last access: 20 March 2014), 2006.; AVISO 2013: SSALTO/DUACS User Handbook: (M)SLA and (M)ADT Near-Real Time and Delayed ...

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Summer Microplankton Community Structure Across the Scotia Sea: Im...

By: M. J. Whitehouse; P. Ward; M. Gordon; A. J. Poulton; R. E. Korb

Description: British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environmental Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. During the austral summer of 2008, we carried out a high resolution survey of the microplankton communities along a south to north transect covering a range of environments across the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean; high and low productivity, sea-ice to open water conditions, and over a number of oceanographic fronts and bathymetric fe...

de Baar, H. J. W., Boyd, P. W., Coale, K. H., Landry, M. R., Tsuda, A., Assmy, P., Bakker, D. C. E., Bozec, Y., Barber, R. T., Brzezinski, M. A., Buesseler, K. O., Boye, M., Croot, P. L., Gervais, F., Gorbunov, M. Y., Harrison, P. J., Hiscock, W. T., Laan, P., Lancelot, C., Law, C. S., Levasseur, M., Marchetti, A., Millero, F. J., Nishioka, J., Nojiri, Y., van Oijen, T., Riebesell, U., Rijkenberg, M. J. A., Saito, H., Takeda, S., Timmermans, K. R., Veldhuis, M. J. W., Wa...

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Science; Volume: 10 July-Dec (1887)

By: Michels, John, 1875- edt; American Association for the Advancement of Science

A weekly record of scientific progress.; Edited by J. Michels; Published: Cambridge, Mass. : Science Company, Moses King, 1883-; Lancaster, Pa. : Science Press, -1944; Lancaster, Pa. : American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1945-; Washington

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Increase in Water Column Denitrification During the Deglaciation C...

By: R. S. Robinson; P. Martinez

Description: Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA. Here we present organic export production and isotopic nitrogen results over the last 30 000 years from one core localized off Costa Rica (ODP Site 1242) on the leading edge of the oxygen minimum zone of the Eastern Tropical North Pacific. Marine export production reveals glacial-interglacial variations with low organic matter (total organic carbon and total nitrog...

Altabet, M. A., Francois, R., Murray, D. E., and Prell, W. L.: Climate-related variations in denitrification in the Arabian Sea from sediment 15N/14N ratios, Nature, 373, 506–509, 1995.; Altabet, M. A., Higginson, M. J., and Murray, D. W.: The effect of millennial-scale changes in Arabian Sea denitrification on atmospheric CO2, Nature, 415, 159–162, 2002.; Altabet, M. A., Murray, D. W., and Prell, W. L.: Climatically linked oscillations i...

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Inter-annual Variation of Chlorophyll in the Northern South China ...

By: M. Dai; C.-m. Tseng; L.-w. Wang; C.-h. Sui; S.-m. Huang; L. Oey; Y. Yang; K.-k. Liu; K.-y. Tseng

Description: Institute of Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan. It is widely recognised that the variation of average surface chlorophyll a concentration (Chl) in the South China Sea (SCS) is closely related to wind forcing, especially during the intense winter monsoon. In this study, we demonstrate that after removal of the seasonal cycles, the variation of Chl showed strong asymmetric responses to wind speed under El Niño ...

Cai, W. J., van Rensch, P., Cowan, T., and Hendon, H. H.: An asymmetry in the IOD and ENSO teleconnection pathway and its impact on Australian climate, J. Climate, 25, 6318–6329, doi:10.1175/jcli-d-11-00501.1, 2012.; Centurioni, L. R., Niiler, P. P., and Lee, D. K.: Observations of inflow of Philippine Sea surface water into the South China Sea through the Luzon Strait, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 113–121, 2004.; Chang,...

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