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1918 in New Zealand

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1918 in New Zealand

1918 in New Zealand
Decades:

The jubilation over the end of World War I was overshadowed by the Spanish flu pandemic reaching New Zealand. In four months, it is estimated that over 8600 New Zealanders died of the disease and between one third and one half of the population were infected. The death rate for Māori was estimated at 42 per thousand (approx 2,160 deaths) compared to 5.6 per 1000 (6,400 deaths) for European New Zealanders.[1]

Incumbents

Regal and viceregal

Government

The 19th New Zealand Parliament continued for a fourth year as a grand coalition led by the Reform Party.

Parliamentary opposition

Main centre leaders

Events

  • 19-20 March: Raetihi Forest Fire kills 3 and destroys over 150 homes.[4]
  • Early October: The first cases of Spanish flu are recorded in Auckland.[5]
  • 12 October: Troop ship R.M.S. Niagara returns, carrying a number of people ill with influenza. It is not quarantined. William Massey and Joseph Ward are aboard. Although later cited as the cause of the Spanish flu epidemic 6 persons had already died in the 3 days preceding its arrival.[6]
  • December: The flu epidemic eases. Over 8600 have died including at least 1260 Māori.[5]

Undated

  • Parliament moves into Parliament House although it is not yet completed.[7]
  • Aviation Act 1918, to control aviation in New Zealand, is passed by Parliament.[8]

Arts and literature

See 1918 in art, 1918 in literature, Category:1918 books

Music

See: 1918 in music

Film

See: Category:1918 film awards, 1918 in film, List of New Zealand feature films, Cinema of New Zealand, Category:1918 films

Appointments and awards

See: New Zealand Order of Merit, Order of New Zealand

Sport

Golf

Horse racing

Harness racing

Rugby union

  • The Ranfurly Shield (held by Wellington) is not contested as interprovincial matches are cancelled due to the war.

Soccer

Provincial league champions:[12]

  • Auckland: North Shore
  • Canterbury: Excelsior
  • Hawke's Bay: Waipukurau
  • Otago: Southern Dunedin
  • Southland: No competition
  • Wanganui: No competition
  • Wellington: Porirua

Births

Category:1918 births

Deaths

Category:1918 deaths

See also

References

  1. ^ Chch City Libraries website gathered 17/07/2006
  2. ^ Statistics New Zealand: New Zealand Official Yearbook, 1990. ISSN 0078-0170 page 52
  3. ^ "Elections NZ - Leaders of the Opposition". Retrieved 6 April 2008. 
  4. ^ Te ARa Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Disasters and Mishaps - The Raetihi Conflagration
  5. ^ a b New Zealand History online: The 1918 flu pandemic
  6. ^ New Zealand History online: RMS Niagara - the 1918 influenza pandemic
  7. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Parliament timeline
  8. ^ Rendel, David (1975) Civil Aviation in New Zealand: An Illustrated History. Wellington. A.H. & A.W.Reed. ISBN 0-589-00905-2
  9. ^ "PGA European - Holden New Zealand Open". The Sports Network. 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2009. 
  10. ^ List of NZ Trotting cup winners
  11. ^ Auckland Trotting cup at hrnz.co.nz
  12. ^ "New Zealand: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 1999. 
  13. ^ Arnold Pickmere (13 March 2004). Arthur Kinsella"Obituary:".  
  14. ^ NZ fighter museum
  15. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer.  

External links

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