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Islamic Sociology


Islamic sociology is a discipline of Islamic studies and the social sciences.

 
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Evaluation of Alternative Formulae for Calculation of Surface Temp...

By: D. G. Tarboton; C. H. Luce

Description: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho, USA. The snow surface temperature is an important quantity in the snow energy balance, since it modulates the exchange of energy between the surface and the atmosphere as well as the conduction of energy into the snowpack. It is therefore important to correctly model snow surface temperatures in energy balance snowmelt models. This paper focuses on the relationship between snow surface ...

Anderson, E. A.: A Point Energy and Mass Balance Model of a Snow Cover, US Department of Commerce, Silver Spring, Md. NOAA Technical Report NWS 19, 150 pp., 1976.; Arons, E. M. and Colbeck, S. C.: Geometry of heat and mass transfer in dry snow: a review of theory and experiment, Rev. Geophys., 33, 463–493, 1995.; Bartelt, P. and Lehning, M.: A physical SNOWPACK model for the Swiss avalanche warning, Part I: numerical model, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 35, 123–14...

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A New Approach to Accurate Validation of Remote Sensing Retrieval ...

By: D. Jiang; J. Wang; Y. Zhu; C. Sun

Description: Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, China. The study presented a new method of validating the remote-sensing (RS) retrieval of evapotranspiration (ET) under the support of a distributed hydrological model: Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). In this method, the output runoff data based on a fusion of ET data, meteorological data and rainfall data, etc. were compared with the observed runoff data, so as to ...

Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper no. 56, Rome, 1998.; Allen, R. G., Tasumi, M., Morse, A., and Trezza, R.: A landsat-based energy balance and evapotranspiration model in Western US water rights regulation and planning, Irrig. Drain. Syst., 19(3–4): 251–268, 2005..; Amatya, D. M., Skaggs, R. W., and Gregory, J. D.: Comparison of methods for es...

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Skill Assessment of a Global Hydrological Model in Reproducing Flo...

By: N. Candogan Yossef; M. F. P. Bierkens; J. C. J. Kwadijk; L. P. H. Van Beek

Description: Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands. As an initial step in assessing the prospect of using macro-scale hydrological models (MHMs) for hydrological forecasting, this study investigates the skill of the MHM PCR-GLOBWB in reproducing past discharge extremes on a global scale. Global terrestrial hydrology from 1958 until 2001 is simulated by forcing PCR-GLOBWB with daily meteorological data obtained by downscaling ...

Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Henrichs, T., Kaspar, F., Lehner, B., Rösch, T., and Siebert, S.: Development and testing of the WaterGAP 2 global model of water use and availability, Hydrol. Sci. J., 48(3), 317–337, 2003.; Arnell, N.: A simple water balance model for the simulation of streamflow over a large geographic domain, J. Hydrol., 27, 314–335, 1999.; Balsamo, G., Viterbo, P., Beljaars, A., Van den Hurk, B., Hirschi, M., Betts, A. K., and Scipal, K.: A revised hydrology fo...

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Spatial Variability and Its Scale Dependency of Observed and Model...

By: B. Li; M. Rodell

Description: Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 20740, USA. Past studies on soil moisture spatial variability have been mainly conducted in catchment scales where soil moisture is often sampled over a short time period. Because of limited climate and weather conditions, the observed soil moisture often exhibited smaller dynamic ranges which prevented the complete revelation of soil moisture spatial var...

Jackson, T. J.: Measuring surface soil moisture using passive microwave remote sensing, Hydrol. Process., 7, 139–152, 1993. \clearpage; Brocca, L., Morbidelli, R., Melone, F., and Moramarco, T.: Soil moisture spatial variability in experimental areas of Central Italy, J. Hydrol., 333, 356–373, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.09.004, 2007.; Brocca, L., Tullo, T., Melone, F., Moramarco, T., and Morbidelli, R.: Catchmen...

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Global Hydrobelts: Improved Reporting Scale for Water-related Issu...

By: H. H. Dürr; M. Kummu; M. Meybeck

Description: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University Pierre and Marie Curie, France. Questions related to water such as its availability, water needs or stress, or management, are mapped at various resolutions at the global scale. They are reported at many scales, mostly along political or continental boundaries. As such, they ignore the fundamental heterogeneity of the hydroclimate and the natural boundaries of the river basins. Here, we des...

Abell, R., Thieme, M. L., Revenga, C., Bryer, M., Kottelat, M., Bogutskaya, N., Coad, B., Mandrak, N., Balderas, S. C., Bussing, W., Stiassny, M. L. J., Skelton, P., Allen, G. R., Unmack, P., Naseka, A., Ng, R., Sindorf, N., Robertson, J., Armijo, E., Higgins, J. V., Heibel, T. J., Wikramanayake, E., Olson, D., López, H. L., Reis, R. E., Lundberg, J. G., Sabaj Pérez, M. H., and Petry, P.: Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater...

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Spatio-temporal Patterns of Recent and Future Climate Extremes in ...

By: M. Hatzaki; A. Karali; M. A. Lange; P. Hadjinicolaou; E. Kostopoulou; C. Giannakopoulos; J. Lelieveld

Description: University of the Aegean, Department of Geography, Mytilene, Greece. Recent and future changes in temperature and precipitation climate extremes are estimated using the Hadley Centre PRECIS (Providing REgional Climates for Impacts Studies) climate model for the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East region. The area of interest is considered vulnerable to extreme climate events as there is evidence for a temperature rise while precipitation tends to decl...

Alijani, B.: Effect of the Zagros Mountains on the spatial distribution of precipitation, J. Mt. Sci., 5, 218–231, doi:10.1007/s11629-008-0126-8, 2008.; Almazroui, M., Nazrul Islam, M., Dambul, R., and Jones, P. D.: Trends of temperature extremes in Saudi Arabia, Int. J. Climatol., 34, 808–826, doi:10.1002/joc.3722, 2014.; Arnell, N. W.: Climate change and global water ...

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Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Recent and Future Climate Extreme...

By: A. Karali; J. Lelieveld; C. Giannakopoulos; M. Hatzaki; M. A. Lange; P. Hadjinicolaou; E. Kostopoulou

Description: University of the Aegean, Department of Geography, Mytilene, Greece. Recent and future changes in temperature and precipitation climate extremes are estimated using the Hadley Centre PRECIS climate model for the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East region. The area of interest is considered vulnerable to extreme climate events as there is evidence for a temperature rise while precipitation tends to decline, suggesting likely effects on vital socioecono...

Arnell, N. W.: Climate change and global water resources: SRES emissions and socio economic scenarios, Global Environ. Change, 14, 31–52, 2004.; Almazroui, M., Nazrul Islam, M., Dambul, R., and Jones, P. D.: Trends of temperature extremes in Saudi Arabia, Int. J. Climatol., online first, doi:10.1002/joc.3722, 2013.; Collins, M., Booth, B. B. B., Harris, G. R., Murphy, J. M., Sexton, D. M. H., and Webb, M. J.: Towards quantif...

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Investigating Factors for Disaster Preparedness Among Residents of...

By: K. Ab. Aziz; E. Mohammad-pajooh

Description: Institute for Sanitary Engineering and Waste Management, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Welfengarten 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany. The review of past researches discussed that factors such as climate change and movement toward urbanization will result in more frequent and severe disasters in the near future (Yasuhara et al., 2011). Flash flood is the most common type of disaster that residents of Kuala Lumpur (KL) come across, thus in this study, it ...

Austin, D.: Surviving the Next Disaster: Assessing the Preparedness of Community-Based Organizations, 2010.; Baker, E.: Household preparedness for the aftermath of hurricanes in Florida, Appl. Geogr., 31, 46–52, 2011.; Bourque, B., Siegel, M., Kano, M., and Wood, M.: Morbidity and morality associated with disasters, in: Handbook of Disaster Research, Springer science, New York, 97–112, 2006.; Chik, Z. and Islam, T.: Disaster in Bangladesh and management with advanced inf...

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The Calamity of Eruptions, or an Eruption of Benefits? Mt. Bromo H...

By: M. Monreal; J. Sartohadi; J. Stötter; S. Bachri

Description: Institute of Geography, Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria. In this paper we investigate the question not of how, but why people actively choose to live with continued exposure to considerable hazard. A field survey of the human volcano interaction at Bromo volcano was based on semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. The recorded interviews were transcribed and analysed according to recurrent themes in the answers. Th...

Abidin, H. Z., Andreas, H., and Gamal, M.: The deformation of Bromo Volcano (Indonesia) as Detected by GPS Surveys Method, Glob. Positioning. Syst., 3, 16–24, 2004.; Ammann, W.: Integrales risiko management – der gemeinsame weg in die zukunft, Bündnerwald, 5, 14–17, 2001.; Andreastuti, S. D., Alloway, B. V., and Smith, I. E. M.: A detailed tephrostratigraphic framework at Merapi Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia: implications for eruption predictions and hazard assessment...

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On the Scaling Characteristics of Observed and Simulated Spatial S...

By: R. Rigon; G. Bertoldi; T. M. Over; M. Gebremichael

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. By providing continuous high-resolution simulations of soil moisture fields, distributed hydrologic models could be powerful tools to advance the scientific community's understanding of the space-time variability and scaling characteristics of soil moisture fields. However, in order to use the soil moisture simulations from hydrologic models with confiden...

Albertson, J. D. and Montaldo, N.: Temporal Dynamics of Soil Moisture Variability: 1. Theoretical Basis, Water Resour. Res., 39(10), 1274, doi:10.1029/2002WR001616, 2003.; Allen, P. B. and Naney, J. W.: Hydrology of the Little Washita River Watershed, Oklahoma: Data and Analyses, USDA/ARS-90, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Durant, OK, 74 pp., available from National Agricultural Water Quality Laboratory, Durant, OK 74702/, 1991.; Bell, K. R., Blanchard, B. J., Schmu...

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Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium Release fro...

By: E. Alvarez-rodríguez; A. Núñez-delgado; M. J. Fernández-sanjurjo; A. Romar-gasalla; M. L. Fernández-marcos

Description: Dept. Edafoloxía e Química Agrícola (Soil Sci. and Agric. Chem.), Engineering Polytechnic School, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Univ. s/n, 27002 Lugo, Spain. The objective of this work was to study nutrients release from two compressed nitrogen–potassium–phosphorous (NPK) fertilizers. In the Lourizán Forest Center, tablet-type controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) were prepared by compressing various mixtures of fertilizers without covers ...

Alva, A. K.: Sustainable nutrient management in sandy soils – Fate and transport of nutrients from animal manure versus inorganic sources, J. Sustain. Agr., 28, 139–155, 2006.; Bará, S. and Morales, F.: Suministro lento de nutrientes con fertilizantes pastillados para uso forestal, Estudio lisimétrico de las pastillas y resultados de las experiencias de fertilización, Anales del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias, Serie Recursos Naturales, 3, 235–249, 1977.; ...

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Modifications to a Rainfall-streamflow Model to Handle Non-station...

By: M.-j. Shin; B. F. W. Croke

Description: National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Fenner School for Environment and Society, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. This paper explores the variation in hydrological response (often termed as non-stationarity, though this is not necessarily the correct use in the statistical meaning of this term) through time for the Bani catchment in Africa (mostly located in Mali). The objective is to identify deficiencies in the abil...

Andrews, F. T., Croke, B. F. W., and Jakeman, A. J.: An open software environment for hydrological model assessment and development, Environ. Modell. Softw., 26, 1171–1185, 2011.; Bennett, N. D., Croke, B. F. W., Guariso, G., Guillaume, J. H. A., Hamilton, S. H., Jakeman, A. J., Marsili-libelli, S., Newham, L. T. H., Norton, J. P., Perrin, C., Pierce, S. A., Robson, B., Seppelt, R., Voinov, A. A., Fathi, B. D., and Andreassian, V.: Characterising performance of environme...

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Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium Release fro...

By: E. Alvarez-rodríguez; A. Núñez-delgado; M. L. Fernández-marcos; M. J. Fernández-sanjurjo; A. Romar-gasalla

Description: Dept. Edafoloxía~e Química Agrícola (Soil Sci. and Agric. Chem.), EPS (Engineering Politech. School), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Univ. s/n, 27002 Lugo, Spain. We used soil columns to study nutrients release from two compressed NPK fertilizers. The columns were filled with soil material from the surface horizon of a granitic soil. Tablets of two slow-release NPK fertilizers (11-18-11 or 8-8-16) were placed into the soil, and then w...

Alva, A. K.: Sustainable nutrient management in sandy soils – fate and transport of nutrients from animal manure versus inorganic sources, J. Sustain. Agr., 28, 139–155, 2006.; Bará, S. and Morales, F.: Suministro lento de nutrientes con fertilizantes pastillados para uso forestal, Estudio lisimétrico de las pastillas y resultados de las experiencias de fertilización, Anales del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias, Serie Recursos Naturales, 3, 235–249, 1977.; ...

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Quantifying the Impact of Land Degradation on Crop Production: the...

By: M. A. Keyzer; D. Ndiaye; B. G. J. S. Sonneveld

Description: Centre for World Food Studies (SOW-VU), Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Land degradation has been a persistent problem in Senegal for a long time and by now has become a serious impediment to long term development. In this paper, we quantify the impact of land degradation on crop yields using the results of a nation-wide land degradation assessment. For this, the study needs to address two issues. First, ...

Bergtold, J., Norton, G., and Brewster, C.: Lom'e to Cotonou conventions: trade policy alternatives for the Senegalese groundnut sector, Agr. Econ., 33, 315–323, 2005.; ADB: Senegal Economic Outlook, African Development Bank Group, available at: http://www.afdb.org/en/countries/west-africa/senegal/senegal-economic-outlook/ (last access: August 2014), 2014.; Boahene, K.: The challen...

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Effects of Soil Depth on the Dynamics of Selected Soil Properties ...

By: A. Abegaz; A. Adugna

Description: Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This study was conducted with an aim to analyze the spatial variability of soil properties with depth under four prominent land use patterns viz., forestland, grazing land, cultivated land and bush land of Northeast Wollega. Soil samples were collected from the land uses at two depths (0–15 and 15–30 cm) in replicates and totally 40 composite soil sa...

Morgan, P. C.: Soil Erosion and Conservation, 3rd edn., Blackwell Publishing, Malden, 2005.; Abubakar, M.: Monitoring land degradation in the semi-arid tropics using an inferential approach: the Kabomo basin case study, Nigeria, Land Degrad. Dev., 8, 311–323, 1997.; Adeboye, M., Bala, A., Osunde, A., Uzoma, A., Odofin, A., and Lawal, B.: Assessment of soil quality using soil organic carbon and total nitrogen and microbial properties in tropical agro-ecosystems, Journal o...

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Die MacHt Der Übersetzung – Konzeptionelle Überlegungen Zur Überse...

By: S. Husseini

Description: Institut für Geographie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Deutschland. Übersetzen ist eine notwendige Praktik im Rahmen internationaler Wissenschaft und ein wichtiges Hilfsmittel für die Forschung in „anderen“ sprachlichen Kontexten. Hierbei handelt es sich jedoch nicht um ein unproblematisches Unterfangen, das keiner Reflexion bedarf. Das Anliegen, sich mit dem Thema auch in der Geographie zu beschäftigen, resultiert hier aus konkreten Überse...

Bachmann-Medick, D.: Cultural Turns: Neuorientierungen in den Kulturwissenschaften, Rowohlt-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Reinbek bei Hamburg, 2007.; Al-Bunn\=ı, Akram: Al-\d{h}\={a}ǧa il\={a} l-i\d{s}l\={a}\d{h} ad-d\=ım\={u}qr\={a}\d{t}\=ı wa-l-madan\=ı l\={a} taz\={a}l muli\d{h}\d{h}a, in: al-\d{H}ay\={a}t, S. 17, 12. September 2002.; Al-Qarn\=ı, $^{\subset}$\={A}.: Hal at-taǧd\=ıd \d{d}ar\={u}ra šar$^{\subset}$\=ıyya? in: aš-Šarq al-Aw\d{s}a\d{t}, 1. April 2008,

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Comparison of Spatial Association Approaches for Landscape Mapping...

By: M. Wehrhan; M. Sommer; B. A. Miller; S. Koszinski

Description: Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) e.V., Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany. The distribution of soil organic carbon (SOC) can be variable at small analysis scales, but consideration of its role in regional and global issues demands the mapping of large extents. There are many different strategies for mapping SOC, among which are to model the variables needed to calculate the SOC ...

Pennock, D. J. and De Jong, E.: The influence of slope curvature on soil erosion and deposition in hummock terrain, Soil Sci., 144, 209–217, doi:10.1097/00010694-198709000-00007, 1987.; Petropoulus, G., Carlson, T. N., Wooster, M. J., and Islam, S.: A review of Ts/VI remote sensing based methods for the retrieval of land surface energy fluxes and soil surface moisture, Prog. Phys. Geogr., 33, 224–250,

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The Continental Monthly : Devoted to Literature and National Polic...

By: J.R. Gilmore

Description: The Century Magazine was first published in the United States in 1881 by The Century Company of New York City as a successor to Scribner's Monthly Magazine.

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The United States Democratic Review : Volume 0019, Issue 98 Aug 18...

By: J. and H. G. Langley

Description:The United States Magazine and Democratic Review was also (perhaps even primarily) a literary magazine, promoting the development of American literature

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Department of Agriculture

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Location Position Title Name of Incumbent Pay Plan Type of Appt. Level, Grade, or Pay Tenure Expires Department Of Agriculture Office Of The Secretary Daniel R. Glickman Washington, D.C. Secretary ... I EX PAS Eric N. Olsen Do ... Chief Of Staff ... ES NA Bart H. Chilton Do ... Deputy Chief Of Staff ... ES NA Clyde E. Williams, Jr. Do ... Deputy Chief Of Staff ... ES NA Janet S. Potts Do ... Counselor To The Secretary ... ES NA Michael S. Derian Do ... Executive...

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