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Quality Management


Quality management can be considered to have four main components: quality planning, quality control, quality assurance and quality improvement.[1] Quality management is focused not only on product/service quality, but also the means to achieve it. Quality management therefore uses quality assurance and control of processes as well as products to achieve more consistent quality.

 
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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: A. W. Smith, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

PART 1. SURVEY METHODS I PURPOSE OF THE WHO EAR AND HEARING DISORDERS SURVEY PROTOCOL There is a considerable scarcity of reliable, standardised, population-based data on the prevalence and causes of deafness and hearing impairment in developing countries. This protocol describes a method using a standardised survey form and coding instructions to enable countries to carry out prevalence and causes surveys of deafness and hearing impairment, and of ear diseases.

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: John Horton

Medical Reference Publication

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a disabling, disfiguring infection caused by parasitic worms. It is estimated that 120 million people are infected in around 80 countries throughout the tropics and subtropics. Lymphatic filariasis is a major cause of disability, social stigmatization, psychosocial and economic reductions in life opportunities, and a major burden on health and hospital resources, especially on account of the costs for surgical intervention. The disease is a m...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: John Horton

Medical Reference Publication

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a disabling, disfiguring infection caused by parasitic worms. It is estimated that 120 million people are infected in around 80 countries throughout the tropics and subtropics. Lymphatic filariasis is a major cause of disability, social stigmatization, psychosocial and economic reductions in life opportunities, and a major burden on health and hospital resources, especially on account of the costs for surgical intervention. The disease is a m...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: M. Ni Mhearain

Medical Reference Publication

Executive summary This document is one important step in a process for improving access to quality of care in family planning by reviewing the medical eligibility criteria for selecting methods of contraception. It updates the first edition of Improving access to quality care in family planning: medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, published in 1996, and summarizes the main recommendations of a scientific Working Group meeting held at the World Health Orga...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: Deborah Kioy, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION TO THE TDR HANDBOOK ON GLP GENERAL INTRODUCTION The need for application of quality standards in drug research, development and testing : the situation of developing countries and the role of TDR Tropical diseases are a major public health problem in developing countries. For many of these diseases there are no new, effective and affordable medicines, while older therapeutic agents are beginning to lose ground on account of the emergence of resistance aga...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1989 ; Issue 92415612...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations with primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. Through this organization, which was created in 1948, the health professions of some 165 countries exchange their knowledge and experience with the aim of making possible the attainment by all citizens of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically producti...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 679: Biol...

By: M. M. Artemiev

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The WHO Expert Committee on Vector Biology and Control met in Geneva from 1 to 7 December 1981. Dr N. G. Gratz, Director, Division of Vector Biology and Control, opened the meeting on behalf of the Director-General and summarized the current status of vector control programmes. He noted that vectorborne diseases continue to prevail in many Member countries and that the suppression of these diseases is essential to attaining the goal of Health for All by t...

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United States Environmental Protection Agency Region Viii

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: 14. The WSS site, 13 acres in size, is located approximately one mile east of the town of Anaconda in a gulch west of the smelter stack. The ROD estimated the volume of slag in this area to be 56,000 cubic yards. However, based on more recent topographic data, the estimate is closer to 360,000 cubic yards (Draft Waste Technical Memorandum, ARCO, 2000). Slag within the WSS was air cooled as part of the Anaconda Reduction Works smelter operation, rather than water...

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United States Environmental Protection Agency Region Viii

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: 14. The West portion of the Active Railroad Beds RDU consists of the West Valley Railroad Bed, the Anaconda Mainline (including the East and West Anaconda Yards), and the AFFCO Spur. The railroad beds, constructed of wastes mainly from ore concentration processes conducted at the Old Works (pre-1900) and Washoe Works (post-1902), are contaminated with hazardous substances.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency Region Viii

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: 22. EPA has notified the State of Montana (State), through the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ), of this action pursuant to section 106(a) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9606(a), and provided for State involvement in the initiation, development, and selection of the remedial action, and will continue to provide for State involvement in design and implementation of the remedy, in accordance with section 121(f) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9621(f). All EPA dec...

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Evaluation of Emissions from the Open Burning of Land-Clearing Debris

By: Christopher C. Lutes

Excerpt: The exposure of persons to combustion emissions during land-clearing activities has become an issue of increasing concern. This study identifies and quantifies a broad range of air pollutants that are discharged during small-scale, simulated, open combustion of land-clearing debris and reports these emissions relative to the mass of material combusted. Two types of land-clearing debris (representing the typical land-clearing debris found in Florida and Tennessee...

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Validity of Ambient Toxicity Tests for Predicting Biological Impac...

By: Donald I. Mount

Excerpt: DISCLAIMER: This document has been reviewed in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.

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Measurement of Fibers

By: Paul A. Baron

INTRODUCTION: Fiber-related disease has provided much of the impetus for fiber research in recent years. Asbestos has been the fiber type most commonly associated with disease. The name “asbestos” is a commercial term applied to the fibrous forms of several minerals that have been used for similar purposes and includes chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, and the fibrous forms of tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite. The three primary diseases associated with asbestos e...

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National Center for Health Statistics

By: Jack R. Anderson

These are the proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, held in Breckenridge, Colorado, June 24–26, 1995. As in the past, this conference moved ahead on the continuum of methodological improvements, adding to what is known and addressing new areas that had been featured briefly at previous conferences. The long-range objectives of this conference, as of its predecessors, were to improve the quality of health survey data and enhance their valu...

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Analysis of Item Nonresponse Rates for the 100 Percent Housing and...

By: Sherri Norris

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The goal of this evaluation is to determine the extent of item nonresponse for the Census 2000 hundred percent items (relationship, sex, age, Hispanic origin, race and tenure) which are collected for every resident and housing unit in the United States. Item nonresponse occurs when there is no answer provided to an item on the questionnaire. Inconsistent responses are not considered nonresponse. The universe for this evaluation is restricted to the housing unit ...

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Census 2000 Content Reinterview Survey : Accuracy of Data for Sele...

By: Phyllis Singer

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Content Reinterview Survey was designed to evaluate the consistency of responses to Census 2000 questionnaire. Understanding the accuracy and reliability of census data aids both data users and census planners. Data users need to determine how errors in the data might affect the conclusions they draw from analyzing census data. Census planners use measures of consistency to develop and test methods to improve the quality of future censuses ...

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An Assessment of Addresses on the Master Address File Missing in t...

By: Megan C. Ruhnke

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: One of the results of the Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation included a representative sample of addresses that were coded as ?missing? from the census. This was a result of the independent listing, matching and field work that was conducted as part of the Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation work. Our evaluation conducted additional research to better understand these ?missing? addresses and to examine the reasons for their status of ?missing? after the Accuracy and ...

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Evaluation of the Block Splitting Operation for Tabulation Purposes

By: Somonica Green

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: This evaluation measures the percent of the country affected by collection blocks split for tabulation purposes, and the accuracy of that block splitting. The country refers to all areas of the United States except Puerto Rico, the Island Areas, Remote Alaska, and collection blocks without housing units or group quarters. This evaluation does not measure geocoding error. Collection blocks are geographic areas that are usually defined by visible features, and use...

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Evaluation of the Local Update of Census Addresses 99 (Luca 99)

By: Karen L. Owens

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The U.S. Census Bureau conducted the Census 2000 Local Update of Census Addresses 99 program in update/leave and update/enumerate areas of the country from January of 1999 to June of 2000. We invited local and tribal governments to participate and those who participated were sent counts of housing units in blocks and lists of addresses in their area. Governments identified any block counts they deemed inaccurate and the Census Bureau recanvassed those blocks. Th...

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Nonresponse Follow up for Census 2000

By: Darlene A. Moul

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The objective of Census 2000 Nonresponse Followup was to obtain completed questionnaires from households in the mailback areas that did not respond by mail, through the Internet or a Telephone Questionnaire Assistance operator. If a questionnaire was not checked-in before the universe selection process began, the housing unit was targeted for Nonresponse Followup. There were 119,090,016 housing units in mailback areas (including Puerto Rico) that were potentiall...

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