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Biochemistry


Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes in living organisms. Biochemistry governs all living organisms and living processes. By controlling information flow through biochemical signalling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the incredible complexity of life. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures and functions of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules although increasingly processes rather than individual molecules are the main focus.

 
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World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 13, No. 2, Yea...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Les publications de lYOrganisation mondiale de la Santk bknkficient de la protection prevue par les dispositions du Protocole no 2 de la Convention universelle pour la Protection du Droit Auteur. Les institutions gouvernementales et les soci6t6s savantes ou professionnelles peuvent, toutefois, reproduire des donnkes, des extraits ou des illustrations provenant de ces publications, sans en demander l'autorisation a IYOrganisation mondiale de la Sant6. De mcme, les revues ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 92425447...

By: Deborah Chapman

Medical Reference Publication

The outcome of the IHD working group and their collaborators was not meant to constitute a treatise on water chemistry or water pollution problems, but was a document attempting to link water quality considerations to aspects of the quantitative hydrology of surface and groundwater bodies. Advice was also included on the organisation of hydrological services, methods of conducting water quality surveys, and interpretation and evaluation of water quality data for hydrolog...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1996, 0419216006 - in...

By: Deborah Chapman

Medical Reference Publication

The outcome of the IHD working group and their collaborators was not meant to constitute a treatise on water chemistry or water pollution problems, but was a document attempting to link water quality considerations to aspects of the quantitative hydrology of surface and groundwater bodies. Advice was also included on the organisation of hydrological services, methods of conducting water quality surveys, and interpretation and evaluation of water quality data for hydrolog...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 92416605...

By: Ir M. E. J. Pronk

Medical Reference Publication

The Committee evaluated a group of 19 anthranilate derivatives (Table 1) by the Procedure for the Safety Evaluation of Flavouring Agents (see Figure 1, p. 170). The Committee had previously evaluated two members of this group. Methyl anthranilate (No. 1534) was evaluated at the eleventh meeting (Annex 1, reference 14) and was assigned a conditional ADI1 of 0-1.5 mglkg bw. At its twenty-third meeting (Annex 1, reference 50), the Committee re-evaluated the conditional AD1 ...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 369: Arbo...

By: R. L. Doherty

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The term arthropod-borne was introduced in 1942 to describe members of the group of animal viruses then recognized as causing encephalitis. The concept (then, as now, epidemiological) was of a virus transmitted biologically (including multiplication in the vector : see section 2.1) by an arthropod to a vertebrate and principally, or to an important degree, maintained in nature in a cycle from arthropod to vertebrate to arthropod. These agents were belie...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 433: Para...

By: G. Sambasivan, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Previous WHO Expert Committees and Scientific Groups on malaria have covered a wide range of topics, including immunology, entomology, and chemotherapy. However, the present Group mias the first to be convened for the purpose of examining the status of knowledge of malarial parasitology and of making recommendations for future work on this important subject.

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 74: Exper...

By: J. M. de la Barrera

Medical Reference Publication

The committee gave consideration to a report on wild-rodent plague in based on an analysis of replies to a questionnaire distributed to the governments of African territories, including Madagascar, following a recommendation made at the first meeting of the committee in September 1949.3 During the period covered by the inquiry (1935-49), a marked decline in the annual incidence of human plague took place, particularly from 1946 onwards. In 1949, less than 400 cases were ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86 ; (Tdr) the Special Progr...

By: M. Aikawa, Prof., N. Anand, Prof., and A. Brossi, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The S c i e n t i f i c Working Group (SWG) on the Chemotherapy of Malaria C l l M of the UNDP/WORLD BANK/WHO Special Programme f o r Research and Tralning in Tropical Diseases (TDR) met i n Geneva, Switzerland, on 3-5 June 1985 to review the CHEMAL programme and make recommendations on future d i r e c t i o n s f o r research. CHEMAL's research programme was established in 1975. The following brief review of t h e t o p i c s of its SWG meetings r e f l e ...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The representative of FAG said that his orgzri:zation was greatly interested in the problems of echinococcosis/hyda+idosis and taeniasis/cysticercosis and offered that.al1 appropriate field projects executed by FAO:could be made available for such purposes as the collection of data, samples, etc. Their training programmes in for example meat hygiene, slaughterhouse management, contribute greatly to the complex preventive and control measures directed against echinococcos...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1948-60 ; Medical Edu...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION In this volume, the World Health Organization presents a bibliography on medical education covering material published between 1946 and 1955, inclusive. In preparing the bibliography an exhaustive search of literature was undertaken by scanning such sources as the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus, the Current List of Medical Literature, the Armed Forces Medical Library Catalog, the indexes and catalogues of the WHO Library and, where necessary, the special...

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Aids, World Health Organization, Issue 3-In French: Guide pour la ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Since the proper application of Gram's method of staining depends largely upon familiarity with the reagents and procedures used, insistence upon altered techniques might cause harm rather than proving beneficial. Still, attention has to be drawn to the following modifications of Gram's original method, which are now used in some of the leading laboratories.

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: V. E. Albertsex

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this monograph is to bring together the latest experience in the safe processing of meat from producer to consumer. While much of the monograph comprises the contributions and discussions at a WHOIFAO Seminar on Meat Hygiene held in Copenhagen in Februa~y 1954, it is not intended as a record of that meeting. The original contributions have, where necessary, been e.upanded or brought up to date ; several new articles have been contributed; appr...

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: E. M. Demaeyer

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction No other disease compares in importance with protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) in the fields of nutrition or public health in general. This form of malnutrition is highly prevalent in young children in almost all the developing countries, Few children survive the most severe forms of PEM unless they receive medical attention; even then, mortality may still be high.

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 92416605...

By: L. G. Valerio

Medical Reference Publication

Calcium L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate is a synthetic derivative of naturally occurring L-5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid, which contains a reduced and methylated pteridine ring system (Figure 1). This compound has not been evaluated previously by the Committee.

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 450: Biol...

By: F. A. Freyhan

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTIOS A WHO Scientiik Group on Biolog~cal Research in Schizophrenia met in Geneva from 13 to 17 October 1969. The meeting was opened by Dr L. Verhoestraete, Director, Dil-ision of Health Protection and Promotion, on behalf of the Director-General. The first meeting of a WHO Scientific Group on Mental Health Research, in 1964, pointed out the lack of firm knowledge on the etiology and pathogenesis of mental disorders. Following the recommendations of the Group, WHO...

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Thermodynamics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions

By: Robert N. Goldberg

Technical Reference Publication

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Iadam in Eight Countries Approaches and Challenges

By: Sarah V. Hart

Legal Reference Publication

Foreword: James O. Finckenauer James O. Finckenauer is director of the International Center of the National Institute of Justice. He is on leave from the Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice, where he is a professor of criminal justice. The International Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (I?ADAM) program began just over 2 years ago. I?ADAM in Eight Countries: Approaches and Challenges is the first look at the general results of this international experiment. The co...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 277: Soil...

By: P. Beaver

Medical Reference Publication

SOIL-TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS Report of a WHO Expert Committee on Helminthiases A WHO Expert Committee on Helminthiases was convened in Rio de Janeiro from 26 to 31 August 1963 to review the problems raised by soiltransmitted helminths. Dr M. A. Vaucel was elected Chairman, Dr 5. Rodrigues da Silva Vice-Chairman, and Dr P. Beaver Rapporteur.

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 431: Toxo...

By: K. Raska

Medical Reference Publication

A meeting of investigators on toxoplasmosis was held in Geneva from 25 to 29 November 1968. In opening the meeting, Dr K. Raska pointed out that this infection is widespread in different parts of the world and that knowledge of some aspects of the problem is limited or lacking. The group reviewed recent progress in the taxonomy, physiology, and immunology of Toxoplasma and in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and therapy of toxoplasmosis. Clinical aspects were briefly discuss...

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I–Adam in Eight Countries Approaches and Challenges

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Historical Background In 1987, NIJ created the Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program to serve as one of the U.S. Government’s primary sources of information on drug use among arrestees in cities. DUF became one of the primary research tools on drug use, crime, and related social indicators. In 1997, the DUF program was redesigned and renamed ADAM (Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring) to reflect the geographic expansion and increased methodological rigor of the program a...

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