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Electronic Commerce


Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce, eCommerce or e-comm, consists of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. It is more than just buying and selling products online. It also includes the entire online process of developing, marketing, selling, delivering, servicing and paying for products and services. The amount of trade conducted electronically has grown extraordinarily with widespread Internet usage.

 
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Ecml V1 : Field Names for E-Commerce

By: D. Eastlake

Technical Reference Publication

Abstract: Customers are frequently required to enter substantial amounts of information at an Internet merchant site in order to complete a purchase or other transaction, especially the first time they go there. A standard set of information fields is defined as the first version of an Electronic Commerce Modeling Language (ECML) so that this task can be more easily automated, for example by wallet software that could fill in fields. Even for the manual data entry case, ...

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Security in Business-To-Business E-Commerce

By: Jeremy Epstein

Technical Reference Publication

Abstract: Business-to-Business e-commerce has become one of the hottest topics this year. Companies in other businesses are busy recasting themselves into B2B providers, trying to cash in on the boom. Meanwhile, real companies are automating their supply chains, trying to reduce inventories, increase responsiveness to their customers, save costs, and reduce errors. Marketplaces are being set up to increase market efficiency in key industries, including not only the tradi...

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E-Stats Statistical Methodology-Arts

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: The U.S. Census Bureau produces the E-Stats report to provide national estimates of ecommerce activity by kind of business for establishments engaged in manufacturing, merchant wholesale trade, retail trade, and selected service industries. We develop the retail trade, accommodation, and food services estimates in this report using data from the Annual Retail Trade Survey (ARTS) and administrative records. ARTS questionnaires are mailed to a probability sam...

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United States Department of Commerce E-Stats

By: Judy M. Dodds

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: U.S. Census Bureau data show that online purchases accounted for 11 percent ($231 billion) of all cost of materials at manufacturing plants in 1999. The March release showed that 12 percent of all manufacturing shipments ($485 billion) were accounted for by orders accepted online. Online purchases (e-purchases) like e-commerce shipments (e-shipments) were present in all manufacturing subsectors (Tables 1A and 2A). In the March report, Census noted that 1999 e-sh...

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Subject: Ftc Public Workshop on E-Commerce

By: John Delacourt

Government Reference Publication

Dear Mr. Delacourt: I appreciate the opportunity to participate in the upcoming workshop and look forward to discussing the issues outlined in this summary. My background in the industry includes thirteen years with Ford Division of Ford Motor Company with four of those years as a District Department Manager in the areas of Marketing, Distribution, Business Management and Market Representation. For the past twenty years I have worked for the Texas Automobile Dealers Asso...

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Electronic Commerce Modeling Language (Ecml) : Version 2 Requirements

By: D. Eastlake

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: ECML Version 2.0 will describe the syntax of a class of data objects called Payment Processing Objects. This will involve the development of a hierarchically organized set of data elements and an XML syntax for payment transaction information for both electronic wallets and Business to Business (B2B) payment types such as credit card, electronic check, line of credit, ACH (Automated Clearing House,) Mobile Phone Payments, and PDA Payments. This document lis...

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A Decision Making Model for Securely Conducting Electronic Commerce

By: Alexander D. Korzyk

Technical Reference Publication

Abstract: The small to medium size enterprise faces many problems not faced by larger enterprises. One of these important problems in today?s Internet World is how to establish a presence on the Internet and securely conduct electronic commerce. Large enterprises have much greater resources and usually include the development and execution of their Internet strategy in the Information Services Division. Unfortunately, most small to medium sized enterprises have a very sm...

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U.S. Department of Commerce: E-Stats

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... of industry groups within each sector. For the first time, manufacturers? sales branches and offices (MSBOs) were included in the 2003 Annual Trade Survey and this report. Although MSBOs are classified as merchant wholesalers according to the 2002 North ...

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U.S. Retail Trade Sales1: Total and E-Commerce: 2003 and 2002

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... [Estimates are based on data from the 2003 Annual Retail Trade Survey. Sales estimates are shown in millions of dollars, consequently industry group estimates may not be additive. Estimated measures of sampling variability for these estimates are provided ...

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U.S. Merchant Wholesale Trade Sales: Total and E-Commerce Sales1: ...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... (Estimates are based on data from the 2002 Annual Trade Survey. Sales estimates are shown in millions of dollars, consequently industry group estimates may not be additive. Estimated measures of sampling variability for these estimates are provided in Tab ...

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U.S. Merchant Wholesale Trade: Total and E-Commerce Sales1: 2000 a...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... (Estimates are based on data from the 2000 Annual Trade Survey. Sales estimates are shown in millions of dollars, consequently industry group estimates may not be additive. Estimated measures of sampling variability for these estimates are provided in Tab ...

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U.S. Merchant Wholesale Trade Sales: Total and E-Commerce Sales1: ...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... (Estimates are based on data from the 2001 Annual Trade Survey. Sales estimates are shown in millions of dollars, consequently industry group estimates may not be additive. Estimated measures of sampling variability for these estimates are provided in Tab ...

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Coverage Instructions and Definitions of E-Commerce Sales, Auxilia...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Auxiliary Establishments are facilities primarily engaged in furnishing supporting services (such as warehouses, garages and central administrative offices) to your retail establishments.

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U.S. Manufacturing Shipments: Total and E-Commerce Value: 1999: 2002

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... [Estimates are based on data from the Annual Survey of Manufactures and the 2002 Economic Census. Value of Shipments estimates are shown in millions of dollars, consequently industry group estimates may not be additive.] ...

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Historical U. S. Manufacturing Shipments1 : Total and E-Commerce V...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: In 1995, the highest HIV prevalence rates were found among IV drug users in Argentina. By 1998, rising levels of infection among STD patients in Buenos Aires Province were noted. HIV prevalence levels among pregnant women and blood donors remained below 1 percent in 1998 ...

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Historical U. S. Manufacturing Shipments1 : Total and E-Commerce V...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: HIV seroprevalence among patients attending a STD clinic in Cochabamba was 2 percent in 199^ Note that there was no evidence of infection among 230 sex workers tested in Cochabamba in the same year.

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U.S. Manufacturing Shipments: Total and E-Commerce: 1999

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ... [Shipments are in millions of dollars. Data are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and reflect coverage in the Annual Survey of Manufactures. Measures of sampling variability for these estimates are provided in Table 1A.] ...

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Historical U. S. Manufacturing Shipments1 : Total and E-Commerce V...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Political and civil unrest have characterized Angola for the past several years. As a result, there is little information available on the HIV epidemic there. Data from the early 1990s indicated a rising level of infection among pregnant women in Luanda.

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United States Department of Commerce E-Stats

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Respondents to the 1999 Annual Survey of Manufacturers (ASM) Computer Network Use Supplement (CNUS) comprise a subgroup within the population of all manufacturers in the U.S. in 1999. This appendix compares the size of this subgroup to the size of the entire manufacturing population in 1999 using several measures of size. In other words, we ask, ?How large a part of the manufacturing population were the subgroup of plants that responded to the CNUS? Were they on...

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United States Department of Commerce E-Stats

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Respondents to the 1999 Annual Survey of Manufacturers (ASM) Computer Network Use Supplement (CNUS) comprise a subgroup within the population of all manufacturers in the U.S. in 1999. This appendix compares the size of this subgroup to the size of the entire manufacturing population in 1999 using several measures of size. In other words, we ask, ?How large a part of the manufacturing population were the subgroup of plants that responded to the CNUS? Were they on...

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