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Nasas Microgravity Technology Report: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...19 9 7 Summary of Activities NASA’s Microgravity Technology Report NASA’s Microgravity Technology Repor... ...y Report NASA’s Microgravity Technology Report 1997 Summary of Activities NASA/TM–1998-208532 National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C... ...t 1997 Summary of Activities NASA/TM–1998-208532 National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space ... ...his device allows the selective removal and preservation of molecules from space bioreactors. 3. Passive Free-Vortex Separator — This device enables ... ...chnology Development and Transfer Program manager, who would like to thank NASA field center microgravity technologists for their support and coordina... ...o Martin Barmatz (the Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Dennis Morrison (Johnson Space Center), Thomas Glasgow (Lewis Research Center), and Ann Trausch (Mar... ...nd-based dewars and cryoprobes, but the present flight facility and flight probes do not allow visual monitoring. It seems likely that the access can ... ...ientation both in the solution and on a crystal surface with the NSOM. New probes will be de- signed and fabricated to improve the capabilities of the... ...th other projects will concentrate on incorpora- tion of other fluorescent probes at the same site to further expand the range of experimental possibi...

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NASA

Encyclopedia Article

...ion Seal of NASA ... ... NASA insignia Motto: For the Benefit of All[1] ... ... Flag of NASA Agency overview ... ...See more The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency that is ... ...s the United States government agency that is responsible for the civilian space program as well as for aeronautics and aerospace research. ... ... President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958[5] with a distinctly civilian (rather t... ...arth orbit for scientific and communications purposes, and sent scientific probes to explore the planets of the solar system, starting with Venus and ... ... and 70s, which made multiple visits to Venus and Mars and one to Mercury. Probes launched under the Mariner program were also the first to make a pla... ...nd Voyager 2.[104] Pioneers 10 and 11 and both Voyager probes carry messages from the Earth to extraterrestrial life.[105][106] A ...

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Nasas Microgravity Research Program 1998 Annual Report: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...tional Aeronautics and Space Administration Microgravity Research Division NASA/TM–1999-209757 NASA’S MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH PROGRAM In the microgravi... ...7 NASA’S MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH PROGRAM In the microgravity environment of space, the effects of Earth’s gravity are dramatically reduced, allowing sc... ...-based laboratories ANNUAL ANNUAL REPORT REPORT National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space ... .... Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama 35812 NASA/TM–1999-209757 NASA’S MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT ANNU... ...for any given fluid; the theory can be used for jet stream applications in space. 4 Fundamental Physics Making a substance thinner and thinner will ... ...hall Space Flight Center (MSFC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, serves as NASA’s lead center for the Microgravity Research Program (MRP). To support ... ...magnetostrictive valve for the regulation of temper- ature in cryosurgical probes to a liquid helium valve, and include magnetostrictive inertial reac...

...Excerpt: This fiscal year (FY) 1998 annual report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program (MRP) as conducted by the Microgravity Research Division (MRD) within NASA?s Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications. The program?s goals, approach taken to achieve those g...

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NASA 360

Encyclopedia Article

...0 NASA 360 logo Ge... ... Website NASA 360 is a half-hour vodcast developed by NASA in partnership with the N... ...ruise lines, and is consistently one of the top-downloaded programs on the NASA.gov website. It is currently starting its fifth season. ... ...ow technologies developed by or for NASA are being used in everything from space exploration to everyday consumer products. These include lithium ion ... ... ^ "Barnstorff, Kathy. NASA 360' Highlights Space Age Spinoffs".  ^ "NASA 360 on Fa... ... ^ Langley Research Center (March 25, 2011). "NASA 360 Available On Hulu". SpaceRef. SpaceRef Interactive. Retrieved 17 October 2011.  ... ... Van Allen Probes ... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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Nasas Microgravity Research Program Annual Report 1999: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...NASA’S MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH PROGRAM National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space ... .... Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama 35812 NASA/TM – 2000-210615 NASA’S MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT AN... ... pro- gram investigated the structure of macromolecules through Earth- and space-grown crystals and con- ducted experiments in tissue engineering and ... ...es and in orbit. These cells were isolated from cartilage grown on Russian Space Station Mir. Gray areas (green on cover) indicate the presence of est... ...hall Space Flight Center (MSFC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, serves as NASA’s lead center for the Microgravity Research Program (MRP). To support ... ...avity mission through the coordination of microgravity science research at NASA field centers, at universities, and with industry partners. Basic and ... ...SS payloads to measure temperatures by utilizing a variety of thermocouple probes. (First flight: 7A.1) Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller ...

...he ground, atoms fall under the influence of gravity, producing a nonlinear dispersion of matter waves (top). An artist?s concept of an atom laser in space (bottom) shows that coherent matter waves propagate free from gravity?s perturbation. Many materials are available only as a powder. To achieve high density in components shaped from these materials a process known as l...

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NASA Helios

Encyclopedia Article

... AeroVironment Primary user NASA ERAST Program ... ... 1 Developed from NASA Pathfinder, Pathfinder Plus and NA... ... NASA Pathfinder, Pathfinder Plus and NASA Centurion The NASA Helios Prototype was the fourth an... ...is article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ... ...type Aircraft Mishap – Volume 1, T.E. Noll et al., January 2004 ^ "Aviation and Space World Records". Fédération Aérona... ...ce Daily Airport InternationalTelecom relay achievements at Space.com article ... ... GOES 15 Van Allen Probes ...

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Fiscal Year 2002 Budget Estimates Nasa 's Vision for the Future: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

.................................................................. MY-1 Human Space Flight.................................................................. ................................................................... HSF SUM-1 Space Station................................................................. ..................................................................... HSF 1-1 Space Shuttle................................................................. .......................................................... PP-1 CON-3 USEFUL NASA WEBSITES FY 2002 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET NASA http://www.nasa.gov/ NASA H... ...RESSIONAL BUDGET NASA http://www.nasa.gov/ NASA Headquarters http://www.hq.nasa.gov/ NASA Strategic Plan http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/nsp/ NASA Strat... ...w.hq.nasa.gov/office/nsp/ NASA Strategic Management Handbook http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codez/strahand/frontpg.htm Chief Financial Officer http://i... ...lectromagnetic spectrum from gamma rays to radio wavelengths. We also send probes into interstellar space, beginning a virtual presence even beyond th... ...D mission is the first science mission in the program of Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP). TIMED is being developed for NASA by the Johns Hopkins Unive... ...REO mission is the third mission in a planned program of Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP), as detailed in the Space Science Strategic Plan. STEREO’s ant...

...Excerpt: NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION FISCAL YEAR 2002 BUDGET ESTIMATES NASA'S VISION FOR THE FUTURE. NASA is an investment in America's future. As explorers, pioneers, and innovators, we boldly expand frontiers in air and space to inspire an...

...i-year Budget............................................................................................................................. MY-1 Human Space Flight......................................................................................................................... HSF SUM-1 Space Station.......................................................................

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NASA AD-1

Encyclopedia Article

... Primary user NASA Number built ... ... USD $240,000 The NASA AD-1 was both an aircraft and an associated flight test program conduc... ...d an associated flight test program conducted between 1979 and 1982 at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards California, which successfully ... ...domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ^ A Summary... ...) Linehan, Dan (2011). Burt Rutan's Race to Space: The Magician of Mohave and his flying innovations. Minneapolis, MN: ... ... National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ... ... Van Allen Probes ... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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Nasa Financial Management Requirements: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

......6 0107 FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING POLICIES...........7 1-1 NASA Financial Management Requirements Volume 6, Chapter 1 September 200... ...h accounting policy and standard procedures that shall be followed by all NASA Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and Centers. This gui... ...s, Mission Support Offices, and Centers. This guidance is to ensure that NASA’s financial information is, useful, timely, complete, accurate, and c... ...C 80-00-0501 24 Dryden Flight Research Center DSFC 80-00-0024 51 Goddard Space Flight Center GSFC 80-00-0002 55 NASA Management Office at JPL NMO 8... ...02 55 NASA Management Office at JPL NMO 80-00-0055 62 George C. Marshall Space Flight Center MSFC 80-00-4901 64 Stennis Space Center SSC 80-00-010... ...Center MSFC 80-00-4901 64 Stennis Space Center SSC 80-00-0101 72 Johnson Space Center JSC 80-00-0004 76 Kennedy Space Center KSC 80-00-4904 ... ...upports a single mission (i.e., shuttle, space station, satellites, space probes, etc.) or a single instrument (i.e., James Web Space telescope, Hub... ...A program. Examples may include but are not limited to satellites, space probes and their instruments and components, and airborne observatories. ...

...Purpose: This volume sets forth accounting policy and standard procedures that shall be followed by all NASA Mission Directorates, Mission Support Offices, and Centers. This guidance is to ensure that NASA?s financial information is, useful, timely, complete, accurate, and consistently presented......

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NASA Astronaut Corps

Encyclopedia Article

...NASA space suits previously worn by the Astronaut Corps at the Johnson Space Center The NASA Astronaut Corps ... ...Corps at the Johnson Space Center The NASA Astronaut Corps is a unit of the United States National Aeronautics an... ...SA Astronaut Corps is a unit of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) that selects, trains, and provides astronauts a... ...a unit of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) that selects, trains, and provides astronauts as crew members for U.S... ...trains, and provides astronauts as crew members for U.S. and international space missions. It is based at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, T... ...ry The first U.S. astronaut candidates were selected by NASA in 1959, for its Project Mercury with the objective of orbiting astron... ... Van Allen Probes ... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Fiscal Year 2006: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...on Exploration Capabilities Inspector General National Aeronautics and Space Administration FISCAL YEAR 2006 National Aeronautics and Space Admin... ...on Exploration Capabilities Inspector General I. National Aeronautics and Space Administration President’s FY 2006 Budget Request (Budget authority... ...tion Capabilities 6,704.4 6,763.0 6,378.6 6,056.7 5,367.1 5,193.8 EC-SUM 1 Space Operations 6,704.4 6,763.0 6,378.6 6,056.7 5,367.1 5,193.8 EC 1 Inte... ... SAE 4-1 Earth Systematic Missions Living with a Star Solar Terrestrial Probes Explorer Program Earth System Science Pathfinder Earth-Sun System... ...rformance Plan Reference REF 1-1 Document Format for FY 2006 Acronyms NASA FY 2006 Budget Request Summary SUM 1-1 N ATIONAL A ERONAUTICS AND S ... ........................................................ SUM 1-2 Transforming NASA.......................................................................... ................................................................... SUM 1-23 NASA FY 2006 Budget Request Summary SUM 1-2 The Exploration Vision is Wel... ...ty, sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with NASA’s partners around the world to answer f... ...ity, sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with NASA’s partners around the world to answer fu...

...Description: This document contains information regarding topics such as ?The Exploration Vision is Well Under Way?, Transforming NASA, and the Science Mission Directorate......

...Table of Contents TOC 1-2 Exploration Systems Research and Technology SAE 7-1 Advanced Space Technology Technology Maturation Innovative Partnerships Centennial Challenges Prometheus Nuclear Systems and Technology SAE 8-1 Advanced Systems and Technology Nuclear Flight Systems Program Human Systems Research and ...

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NASA Research Park

Encyclopedia Article

...NASA Research Park is a San Jose, California. NASA Research Park was approved by NASA HQ in the fall of 2002 and over the... ... 1 Ames Research Center 2 NASA Research Park 2.1 Developmen... ... Core Technology Areas 3.1 Small Spacecraft Systems 3.2 Intellige... ...1990s, become known worldwide as Silicon Valley. In 1958, Congress created NASA with the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, 42 U.S.C. § 2451 ... ...n Valley. In 1958, Congress created NASA with the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, 42 U.S.C. § 2451 et seq. The Ames Aeronautical Laborator... ... of Innovation,” highlighted with major accomplishments in aeronautics and space. From the 1940s through the 1990s, Ames scientists and engineers demo... ... Van Allen Probes ... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Fiscal Year 2007: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...on Exploration Capabilities Inspector General National Aeronautics and Space Administration FISCAL YEAR 2006 National Aeronautics and Space Admin... ...on Exploration Capabilities Inspector General I. National Aeronautics and Space Administration President’s FY 2006 Budget Request (Budget authority... ...tion Capabilities 6,704.4 6,763.0 6,378.6 6,056.7 5,367.1 5,193.8 EC-SUM 1 Space Operations 6,704.4 6,763.0 6,378.6 6,056.7 5,367.1 5,193.8 EC 1 Inte... ... SAE 4-1 Earth Systematic Missions Living with a Star Solar Terrestrial Probes Explorer Program Earth System Science Pathfinder Earth-Sun System... ...rformance Plan Reference REF 1-1 Document Format for FY 2006 Acronyms NASA FY 2006 Budget Request Summary SUM 1-1 N ATIONAL A ERONAUTICS AND S ... ........................................................ SUM 1-2 Transforming NASA.......................................................................... ................................................................... SUM 1-23 NASA FY 2006 Budget Request Summary SUM 1-2 The Exploration Vision is Wel... ...ty, sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with NASA’s partners around the world to answer f... ...ity, sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with NASA’s partners around the world to answer fu...

...n: This document contains information regarding topics such as Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate, and Space Operations Mission Directorate......

...Table of Contents TOC 1-2 Exploration Systems Research and Technology SAE 7-1 Advanced Space Technology Technology Maturation Innovative Partnerships Centennial Challenges Prometheus Nuclear Systems and Technology SAE 8-1 Advanced Systems and Technology Nuclear Flight Systems Program Human Systems Research and ...

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Lunar outpost (NASA)

Encyclopedia Article

... A lunar outpost was an element of the George W. Bush era Vision for Space Exploration, which has been replaced with President Barack Obama's sp... ...nhabited facility on the surface of the Moon. At the time it was proposed, NASA was to construct the outpost over the five years between 2019 and 2024... ...l A. Armstrong Lunar Outpost".[2] On December 4, 2006, NASA announced the conclusion of its Global Exploration Strategy and Lunar ... ...ure Study's purpose was to "define a series of lunar missions constituting NASA's Lunar campaign to fulfill the Lunar Exploration elements" of the Vis... ...unar campaign to fulfill the Lunar Exploration elements" of the Vision for Space Exploration.[1] What resulted was a basic plan for a lunar outpost ne... ...e is no budget yet for this project.[8] China National Space Administration (CNSA) has commenced the Chang'e program for exploring... ...ht cost should instead be devoted to exploring the solar system with space probes; space observatories; and protecting the Earth from near-Earth aster... ...ht cost should instead be devoted to exploring the solar system with space probes; space observatories; and protecting the Earth from near-Earth aster...

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Nasas Goddard Space Flight Center Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics: by Tilak Hewagama

...aterrestrial Physics Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 @S0002-7537~93!05831-7# The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ~GSFC! Labo- ratory for Extraterrestrial P... ...Physics Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 @S0002-7537~93!05831-7# The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center ~GSFC! Labo- ratory for Extraterrestrial Physics ~LEP! ... ... magnetospheres and upper atmospheres of the planets, including Earth. LEP space scientists investigate the structure and dynam- ics of the magnetosph... ... inte- grates experiments on Earth-orbiting, planetary, and helio- spheric spacecraft to measure the characteristics of planetary atmospheres and magn... ...posted infrared date to the Cosmic-Ice Labora- tory web page ~www-691.gsfc.nasa.gov/cosmic_ices!. Data serve as reference spectra of molecules in H 2 ... ...imarily on molecules of planetary and astrophysical interest, and supports NASA flight missions in both these areas. The work also supports ground-base... ...sphere region ~40-120 km! that is too low to be sampled by satellite-borne probes. Further- more, they provide quick access to high altitudes where as... ...SA for future-mission Mars exploration technologies. 8.3 Solar Terrestrial Probes A study ‘‘Systematic Identification of Preferred Orbits for Magnetosp... ...ssion being planned as part of the Sun Earth Connections Solar Terrestrial Probes program. A sci- ence and technology definition team was selected and ...

...Excerpt: The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics (LEP) performs experimental and theoretical research on the heliosphere, the interstellar medium, and the magnetospheres and upper atmospheres o...

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George Mueller (NASA)

Encyclopedia Article

...neering career Institution memberships NASA ... ... George Mueller (pronounced "Miller"), born July 16, 1918,[1] was Associate Administrator of the NASA Office of Manned Space Fligh... ...eorge Mueller (pronounced "Miller"), born July 16, 1918,[1] was Associate Administrator of the NASA Office of Manned Space Flight from September 1963 ... ...te Administrator of the NASA Office of Manned Space Flight from September 1963 until December 1969. Hailed as one of NASA's "most brilliant and fearle... ...afely to the Earth by the end of 1969. Mueller also played a key part in the design of Skylab,[3] and championed the space shuttle's development, whic... ...sign of Skylab,[3] and championed the space shuttle's development, which earned him the nickname, "the father of the space shuttle." ... ...ation, Apollo telescope, the Grand Tour of the Outer Solar System, and the original "Voyager program" of Mars Lander probes. Faced with Congressional ...

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Nasa Fy 2002 Performance Plan Background and Introduction: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

.................................................................. PP Intro-1 Space Science Enterprise...................................................... ............................... PP ESE-1 Human Exploration and Development of Space Enterprise ............................................................. .............................................................. PP HEDS-1 Aero-Space Technology Enterprise .................................................. ......................................................... PP CK-1 PP Intro-1 NASA FY 2002 Performance Plan Background and Introduction The Government Pe... ... and performance measures defined in the strategic and performance plans. NASA’s second Annual Performance Report was furnished to the Congress in Ma... ...nished to the Congress in March 2001, covering the performance in FY 2000. NASA’s Strategic Management System Processes within NASA’s Strategic Manage... ...d research programs Solar-B, STEREO, Solar Probe, Future Solar Terrestrial Probes, Future Deep Space Technology, CISM, X2000, Sounding Rockets, and Ba...

...Excerpt: NASA Fiscal Year 2002 Performance Plan Background and Introduction: The Government Performance and Results Act The Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) was passed by Congress and signed by the President in 1993. GPRA...

...tion ..................................................................................................................................... PP Intro-1 Space Science Enterprise.................................................................................................................. PP SSE-1 Earth Science Enterprise .......................................................

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Timeline of artificial satellites and space probes

Encyclopedia Article

...This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrator... ...This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, obs... ...manned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and interplanetary probes. First satellites from each country are i... ... Success The first satellite in space. 1957 ... ... Success The first American satellite in space. 1958 ... ... Current and Upcoming Launches Missions-NASA Unmanned spaceflight discussion forum ... ... points Probes ... ...country NASA missions ...

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Space Science Studies and Assessments: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...__.__e--, ... . . I i NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia 23681-2199... ... Hampton, Virginia 23681-2199 SOLICITATION 1-041-OBB.1006 REQUIREMENT: SPACE SCIENCE STUDIES AND ASSESSMENTS 1. 2. 3. Section L, Provision L.9... ...s applicable to this procurement. Section L.8, Proposal Page Limitations (NASA 1852.215-81) (FEB 1998) includes a 25 page limitation for the Technica... ..., ADDITIONAL PROCUREMENT OPPOFXUNITIES AND OTI-iER NOTICES, CALL 1-800-PUR-NAsA. PROC. P-287 NASA LANGLEY (Rev. June 1994) Previous editions me obso... ... [7 SEALED BID (IFB) OBB.1006 NEGOTIATED (RFP) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Harnpton, VA 23681-2199 10.... ...npton, VA 23681-2199 10. FoRiNFoRMAnoN CALL: Building 11958, Room 125 NASA, Langley Research Center 9A Langley Boulevard, Harnpton, VA 23681-21... ...isition of science missions in the Discovery, Explorer, Soiar Terrestrial Probes, and other related programs. The SSSO assists the OES in the acquis... ...- . .- ... ... . ..- . -.I..=_-. .,.- . . . . r P Task 1 : Small Lunar Probes Technical, Management, and Cost (TMC) Review Small Lunar Probes is ... ... - - Telecons begin September 27,2000 - - - Proposals for Small Lunar Probes due September 5,2000 Proposals distributed to TMC evaluators by Sep...

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NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal

Encyclopedia Article

... Awarded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Country... ...ancial savings, science, or technology which contributes to the mission of NASA." Status ... ...portunity Medal NASA Exceptional Achievement Ribbon Th... ...SA Exceptional Achievement Ribbon The NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal is an award of the National Aeronautics ... ... Exceptional Achievement Medal is an award of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration established in 1991. The medal is awarded to both civi... ...NASA missions. Astronauts may be awarded the decoration after two to three space flights. Due to its prestige, the medal is author... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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Collaborative Decision Making : Nasa's Deep Impact Mission: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

... Collaborative Decision Making 1 http://deepimpact.jpl.nasa.gov Developed by: Mid-continent Research for Educati... ...ontinent Research for Education and Learning COLLABORATIVE DECISION MAKING NASA’S DEEP IMPACT MISSION An Education Module Grades 7-12 Featuring: Capt... ... Collaborative Decision Making 2 Collaborative Decision Making: NASA’s Deep Impact Mission Overview 3 Capture the Issue Teacher Guide 7 Su... ...g Notes Sheet Example 14 Timing Is Everything Teacher Guide 15 Deep Impact Space Craft Strategy Information Sheet 21 Earth-based Observatories Strateg... ...on Sheet Earth Orbital Facilities • Strategy Information Sheet Deep Impact Spacecraft • Strategy Information Sheet Deep Impact Ephemeris Data • Studen... ...tudents will gather information on observing options (collecting data from spacecraft using the Deep Impact Spacecraft, Earth-based observatories, and... ...r, rather it being a complete world. In hindsight, images from other space probes have let the science community see a solar system that is much more ...

...Excerpt: Collaborative Decision Making, NASA?s Deep Impact Mission. Collaborative Decision Making is designed to engage students in grades 7?12 in activities that focus on collaboration and communication strategies. These activities will strengthen student understa...

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NASA spin-off technologies

Encyclopedia Article

... Discoveries NASA spin-off technologies N... ... (after 1991) NASA spin-off technologies are commercial products and services which have ... ...ommercial products and services which have been developed with the help of NASA, through research and development contracts (such as SBIR or STTR awar... ...surgery possible as merely one of a long list of spinoff technologies from space development. For more than 50 years, the NASA Tec... ... named temper foam), freeze-dried food, firefighting equipment, emergency "space blankets", Dustbusters, cochlear implants, and now Speedo's LZR Racer... ....6 Scratch-resistant lenses 2.7 Space blanket 3 Tr... ... Van Allen Probes ... ... Van Allen Probes ...

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Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems : January 2002: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems RECOMMENDATION FOR SPACE DATA SYSTEM STANDARDS ... ...r publication by the Management Council of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and represents the consensus technical agreemen... ...tions is detailed in Procedures Manual for the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, and the record of Agency participation in the authoriz... ...Espaciais (INPE)/Brazil. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/USA. National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)/Japan. ... ... Sciences Data Archive NARA National Archives and Records Administration NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NSSDC National Space Sc... ...ed to provide data archiving services, data access and expert help to the NASA-funded planetary science community. The PDS is a distributed system ... ...erformed since 1975, mostly flown on European, US and Soviet satellites or probes. A5.2 INGEST The CDPP has drawn up a specification for deliverable...

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Space policy

Encyclopedia Article

...cision-making process for, and the application of, public policy regarding space exploration. It includes policy regarding a country's civilian space ... ...am, as well as its policy on both military use and commercial use of outer space. Space policy intersects with science policy, since national space pr... ...ce policy, since national space programs often perform or fund research in space science, and also with defense policy, for applications such as spy s... ...nches and space tourism. While scientific missions, such as interplanetary probes or astronomy missions during these years played a very small role, R... ...tates is carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is the civilian and scientific space program of the United Sta... ...ace Race of the 1960s. The National Aeronautics and Space Act creating the NASA was passed in 1958, after the launch of the Soviet Sputnik 1 satellite... ...ts of the Vietnam War and the programs of the Great Society forced cuts to NASA's budget as early as 1965, the first moon landing occurred in 1969, ea... ...nches and space tourism. While scientific missions, such as interplanetary probes or astronomy missions during these years played a very small role, R...

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Educational Brief : Nasa's Bioreactor : Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

... Cells in a Microgravity Environment EB-2002-12-187-MSFC Educational Brief NASA’s Bioreactor: Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment National Aer... ...ctor: Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment National Aeronautics and Space Administration Introduction to Microgravity Zero gravity. Microgravit... ... gravity is not small, but appears to be small. This occurs on an orbiting spacecraft, such as the International Space Station (ISS), and all objects ... ...national Space Station (ISS), and all objects in free-fall. If you watch a Space Shuttle launch, you’ll notice that the vehicle doesn’t travel in a co... ...ust accelerate until it reaches escape velocity. Escape velocity (http:www.nasaexplores.com/lessons/01-049) is the speed a body must attain in orbit t... ...0 miles per hour. You can view a Shuttle launch at http://mediaarchive.ksc.nasa.gov.serach.cfml Educational Brief Grades 9-12 Educators & Students EB-... ... findings from bioreactor research to send cells into space as exploratory probes. Cell cultures could be designed to respond to environmental conditi... ...ists could judge whether an environment is suitable for life. "Using these probes," says Pellis, "we could determine if the atmosphere is supportive o...

... that on Earth. The term microgravity is used to describe a condition where gravity is not small, but appears to be small. This occurs on an orbiting spacecraft, such as the International Space Station (ISS), and all objects in free-fall......

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Space law

Encyclopedia Article

...t encompasses national and international law governing activities in outer space. International lawyers have been unable to agree on a uniform definit... ...wyers have been unable to agree on a uniform definition of the term "outer space", although most lawyers agree that outer space generally begins at th... ...00 km (60 mi). The inception of the field of space law began with the launch of the world's first artificial satellite b... ...pace-based resources. NASA STS-121 Launch ... ...ace Station Agreement"). This Agreement provides, among other things, that NASA is the lead agency in coordinating the member states' contributions to... ... School of Law founded the school's Space Law Society. NASA's plans to capture an asteroid has raised questions about how space la... ... points Probes ... ... lunar probes ...

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Educational Brief : Nasa's Bioreactor : Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

... Cells in a Microgravity Environment EB-2002-12-187-MSFC Educational Brief NASA’s Bioreactor: Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment National Aer... ...ctor: Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment National Aeronautics and Space Administration Introduction to Microgravity Zero gravity. Microgravit... ... gravity is not small, but appears to be small. This occurs on an orbiting spacecraft, such as the International Space Station (ISS), and all objects ... ...national Space Station (ISS), and all objects in free-fall. If you watch a Space Shuttle launch, you’ll notice that the vehicle doesn’t travel in a co... ...ust accelerate until it reaches escape velocity. Escape velocity (http:www.nasaexplores.com/lessons/01-049) is the speed a body must attain in orbit t... ...0 miles per hour. You can view a Shuttle launch at http://mediaarchive.ksc.nasa.gov.serach.cfml Educational Brief Grades 9-12 Educators & Students EB-... ... findings from bioreactor research to send cells into space as exploratory probes. Cell cultures could be designed to respond to environmental conditi... ...ists could judge whether an environment is suitable for life. "Using these probes," says Pellis, "we could determine if the atmosphere is supportive o...

... that on Earth. The term microgravity is used to describe a condition where gravity is not small, but appears to be small. This occurs on an orbiting spacecraft, such as the International Space Station (ISS), and all objects in free-fall......

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Space station

Encyclopedia Article

...The modular International Space Station A space station, also kn... ... A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting a crew, which is desig... ... a spacecraft capable of supporting a crew, which is designed to remain in space (most commonly in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time and... ... in space to allow high radiation shielding, the most ambitious historical NASA study, a conceptual 10000-person spacestation, envisioned a future mas... ...ticle; due to the high costs of providing launch vehicles, and a desire by NASA to cease Saturn and Apollo operations in time to prepare for the Space... ...ui. "China launches TianGong-1 to mark next human space flight milestone". NASASpaceflight.com.  ^ Russian Space S... ... points Probes ... ... lunar probes ...

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Exploring the Moon : A Teacher's Guide with Activities for Earth and Space Sciences: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...a Teacher’s Guide with activities for Earth and Space Sciences National Aeronautics and Space Administration Education Pro... ...uct Teachers Grades 4–12 a Teacher’s Guide with activities for Earth and Space Sciences National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of ... ...ion Office of Human Resources and Education Education Division Office of Space Science Solar System Exploration Division This Publication is in the ... ...he Oklahoma State University Aero- space Education Services Program and at NASA Headquarters for their useful reviews of the materi- als. We especial... ...f the Moon (circa 1700s) is overlaid by an Apollo 11 astronaut footprint (NASA photo AS11-40-5878) and a NASA painting of a future lunar habitation... ...ersity of Hawai'i Exploring the Moon -- A Teacher's Guide with Activities, NASA EG-1997-10-116-HQ i Table of Contents About This Book iii Ab... ...raphs. Also gives descriptions of unmanned missions including Russian Luna probes. To Rise From Earth: An Easy to Understand Guide to Space Flight, b...

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Space Shuttle

Encyclopedia Article

... Manufacturer United Space Alliance Thiokol/Alliant Techsystems (SRBs) L... ... Launch sites LC-39, Kennedy Space Center SLC-6, Vandenberg AFB (unused) ... ... Tracking and Data Relay Satellites Spacelab Hubble Space Telescope Galileo, Magellan, Ul... ...system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Its official program name was Space Transportation System, taken fro... ...Florida. Operational missions launched numerous satellites, interplanetary probes, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST); conducted science experiments... ... 10.1 Further reading 10.2 NASA 10.3 Non-NASA ... ...oned and operated by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from 1981 to 2011. It resulted from shuttle design studies conducted ... .... Major missions included launching numerous satellites and interplanetary probes,[8] conducting space science experiments, and servicing and construc... ...he NASA/ESA Spacelab, or launching various types of satellites and science probes. By the 1990s and 2000s the focus shifted more to servicing the spac...

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Annual Report 2000: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...REPORT NASA’S PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH PROGRAM National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space ... ...ectrogram of acceleration data obtained during a shuttle docking with the space station. See page 51 Pictured here are computer models of a nanotube... ... discreet fields. See page 54 Researchers working on fire safety issues in space need to understand the flammability characteristics of materials that... ...hnology transfer are among the program’s top goals, making the benefits of NASA’s research available to the American public. Space shuttle and Mir res... ...rch, use the following contact information: The Physical Sciences Division NASA Headquarters 300 E Street, S.W. Washington, DC 20546-0001 Phone: (202)... ...8-1490 Fax: (202) 358-3091 World Wide Web addresses: http://spaceresearch.nasa.gov http://microgravity.hq.nasa.gov http://microgravity.msfc.nasa.gov ... ...ics explores the boundary between biology and physics. Fundamental physics probes the basic nature of our universe on both a cos- mic and atomic scale... ... pay- loads to measure temperatures by utilizing a variety of thermocouple probes. (First flight: 7A.1) Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller ...

...Excerpt: ASA?s goal is to improve the quality of life on Earth by using ground- and space-based research to promote new scientific and technological discoveries. The Microgravity Research Program plays a vital role in our nation?s economic and general health by carefully selecting, funding, and supporting sc...

...Combustion Science pg 22 5 Fluid Physics pg 28 6 Fundamental Physics pg 36 7 Materials Science pg 42 8 Acceleration Measurement pg 50 9 International Space Station pg 54 10 Ground-Based Microgravity Facilities pg 58 11 Outreach and Education pg 60 12 Program Resources pg 66 13 Appendices A Grant Recipients pg 67 B Microgravity Experiment Hardware pg 98...

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Space art

Encyclopedia Article

...ars of Creation' in the Eagle Nebula "Space art" (also "astronomical art") is the term for a genre of modern arti... ...ssion that strives to show the wonders of the Universe. Like other genres, Space Art has many facets and encompasses realism, impressionism, hardware ... ...e been making art with astronomical elements for a long time, the genre of Space Art itself is still in its infancy, having begun only when humanity g... ...at artists have experienced free-fall conditions during flights flown with NASA, the Russian and French Space Agencies, and with the Zero Gravity Arts... ...lism but focusses on the detailed depiction of the hardware of spaceships, probes, and equipment being used in a space setting. Sc... ...riginal oil paintings by American artist Ellery Kurtz were flown in one of NASA's Get Away Special (G.A.S.) container mounted to a bridge in the shutt... ...iginal works of art are the first oil paintings to enter Earth orbit. This NASA GAS canister, designated G-481, was the 46th such canister flown aboar... ...wilight colors ^ On the horizon: Clementine probes moon glow - Brief Article [2] ... ...lism but focusses on the detailed depiction of the hardware of spaceships, probes, and equipment being used in a space setting. Sc...

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Qualification and Acceptance Environmental Test Requirements: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...SSP 41172 National Aeronautics and Space Administration International Space Station Program Johnson Space Cent... ...al Space Station Program Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas International Space Station Program Revision U 28 March 2003 Qualification and Acceptance... ...consistent with the tasks and products to be prepared by the International Space Station Program Participants. The Qualification and Acceptance Envir... ...s, Assemblies and Flight Elements. SSP 41172 Revision U 28 March 2003 ii NASA/ASI INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION PROGRAM QUALIFICATION AND ACCEPTANCE E... ...TION AND ACCEPTANCE ENVIRONMENTAL TEST REQUIREMENTS 28 MARCH 2003 DATE For NASA Dale Thomas For ASI DATE Andrea Lorenzoni SSP 41172 Revision U 28 Ma... ...mas For ASI DATE Andrea Lorenzoni SSP 41172 Revision U 28 March 2003 iii NASA/CSA INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION PROGRAM QUALIFICATION AND ACCEPTANCE E... ... temperature sensors are simple electrical devices. The temperature sensor probes are a one–piece construction. The solder joint is fully inspectable ...

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Space exploration

Encyclopedia Article

...e Moon as seen in a digitally processed image from data collected during a spacecraft flyby Space exploration is ... ... is the ongoing discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of continuously evolving and growing space technology. While... ... of continuously evolving and growing space technology. While the study of space is carried out mainly by astronomers with telescopes, the physical ex... ...s, the physical exploration of space is conducted both by unmanned robotic probes and human spaceflight. While the observation of ... ...2020, transferring the development of launch vehicles for human crews from NASA to the private sector, and developing technology to enable missions to... ...Senate and House of Representatives are still working towards a compromise NASA funding bill, which will probably terminate Constellation and fund dev... ... Benefits 3.1.2 NASA’s Autonomous Science Experiment 3.1.3 ... ...systems on Earth and interfere with, and even damage, satellites and space probes. MESSENGER imag... ...ion to Mercury, scheduled to arrive in 2020, BepiColombo is to include two probes. BepiColombo is a joint mission between Japan and the European Space...

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Scope and Subject Category Guide: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

... i Introduction The NASA Scope and Subject Category Guide * is a ready-reference tool to assist authors, indexers, and ... ...nd Subject Category Guide * is a ready-reference tool to assist authors, indexers, and information managers in the high-level classification of techn... ...a guide in the selection of appropriate materials. The guide comprises a 2-level subject classification scheme consisting of 10 broad subject division... ...c treatment is given to those areas that are most pertinent to aerospace research. The display for each subject category provides (1) the category nam... ...ry display includes a listing of ‘Input Subjects of Specific Interest.’ In all there are over 2,200 input subjects which are presented as a browsable... ....gov or call the NASA STI Help Desk at 301-621-0390. * The guide is a revision of The NASA Scientific and Technical Information System—Its Scope and C... ...Includes all classes of launch vehicles, launch/space vehicle systems, and boosters; and launch operations. For related information see also 18 Spacec... ...ife Support. For related information see also 05 Aircraft Design, Testing and Performance; 39 Structural Mechanics; and 16 Space Transportation and Sa... ...ite protection • Meteorological satellites • Models (spacecraft) • Navigation satellites • Observation satellites • Passive communication satellites •...

........................................................................................................... 19 14 Ground Support Systems and Facilities (Space)...................................................................................................................... 20 15 Launch Vehicles and Launch Operations............................................................

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Space architecture

Encyclopedia Article

...A 1990 artist rendering of Space Station Freedom, a project that eventually evolved into the Internati... ... Station Freedom, a project that eventually evolved into the International Space Station Space architecture, in i... ...ory and practice of designing and building inhabited environments in outer space.[1] The architectural approach to spacecraft design addresses the tot... ...space agencies, chiefly the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The practice of involving architects in the spac... ... by Raymond Loewy, over objections from engineers, prevailed in convincing NASA to include an observation window in the Skylab orbital laboratory.[10]... ...use of underwater and simulator training. The Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory, NASA's underwater training facility, contains full scale mockups of the Spa... ... Robotic probes have explored much of the solar system but humans have not yet left ... ... Robotic probes have explored much of the solar system but humans have not yet left ...

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Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems : April 20, 2001: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...ed for publication by the Management Council of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and represents the consensus technical agree... ...mendations is detailed in Procedures Manual for the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, and the record of Agency participation in the autho... ...DS Secretariat Program Integration Division (Code MT) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC 20546, USA DRAFT CCSDS RECOMMENDA... ...isas Espaciais (INPE)/Brazil. – National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/USA. – National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)/Japan. ... ...Life Sciences Data Archive NARA - National Archives and Records Administration NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration NSSDC - National S... ...artered to provide data archiving services, data access and expert help to the NASA-funded planetary science community. The PDS is a distributed syst... ...ts performed since 1975, mostly flown on European, US and Soviet satellites or probes. DRAFT CCSDS RECOMMENDATION FOR AN OAIS REFERENCE MODEL CCSDS ...

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Space weather

Encyclopedia Article

...ralis observed by Discovery, May 1991 Space weather is a branch of space physics and aeronomy concerned with the ... ...ions within the solar system, including the solar wind, and especially the space surrounding the Earth, including conditions in the magnetosphere, ion... ..., including conditions in the magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere. Space weather is distinct from the terrestrial weather of the Earth's atmos... ...n. This ability has recently been verified by visual observations from the NASA STEREO spacecraft. Neutron monitors on the ground ... ...f discovering the space environment. Significant recent spacecraft are the NASA-ESA Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) pair of spacecraf... ...EO) pair of spacecraft launched in 2006 into solar orbit and the Van Allen Probes, launched in 2012 into a highly elliptical Earth-orbit. The two STER... ... about the Sun's surface and atmosphere in three dimensions. The Van Allen probes are obtaining detailed information about the radiation belts, geomag... ... was change to circle the Earth and pass by the L1 point occasionally. The NASA Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) has monitored the solar wind at th... ... Van Allen Probes W...

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Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems : April 20, 2001: by National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...ed for publication by the Management Council of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and represents the consensus technical agree... ...mendations is detailed in Procedures Manual for the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, and the record of Agency participation in the autho... ...DS Secretariat Program Integration Division (Code MT) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC 20546, USA DRAFT CCSDS RECOMMENDA... ...isas Espaciais (INPE)/Brazil. – National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/USA. – National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)/Japan. ... ...Life Sciences Data Archive NARA - National Archives and Records Administration NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration NSSDC - National S... ...artered to provide data archiving services, data access and expert help to the NASA-funded planetary science community. The PDS is a distributed syst... ...ts performed since 1975, mostly flown on European, US and Soviet satellites or probes. A5.2 INGEST The CDPP has drawn up a specification for deliverab...

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Space elevator

Encyclopedia Article

...ce elevator is conceived as a cable fixed to the equator and reaching into space. A counterweight at the upper end keeps the center of mass well above... ... Space elevator in motion rotating with Earth. Viewed from above North Pole.... ...ry orbit slightly behind the cable. A space elevator is a proposed type of space transportation system.[1] Its ma... ...development of carbon nanotubes in the 1990s, engineer David Smitherman of NASA/Marshall's Advanced Projects Office realized that the high strength of... ...e surface area for climbers to climb with simple rollers. Supported by the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts, Edwards' work was expanded to cover t... ...ce elevator development, proponents have organized several [16] as well as NASA's Centennial Challenges program, which, in March 2005, announced a par... ...). That is more than enough to escape Earth's gravitational field and send probes at least as far out as Jupiter. Once at Jupiter, a gravitational ass...

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