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Bautzen (district)

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Bautzen (district)


The district of Bautzen (German: Landkreis Bautzen, ) is a district in the state of Saxony in Germany. Its largest towns are Bautzen, Bischofswerda, Kamenz, Hoyerswerda and Radeberg. It is the biggest district in Saxony in area, and is a member of the Neisse Euroregion.

It is bordered to the south by the Czech Republic. Clockwise, it also borders the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, the district-free city of Dresden, the district of Meißen, the state of Brandenburg, and Görlitz district

History

The town of Bautzen

Historically most of the Upper Lusatia belonged to Bohemia. After the end of the Thirty Years' War it became a part of Saxony. Only the small town of Schirgiswalde remained Bohemian until 1809.

The district was established in 1994 by merging the former districts of Bautzen and Bischofswerda. The district of Kamenz and the district-free city of Hoyerswerda were merged into the district in August 2008.

Geography

The district of Bautzen is part of the region of Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz). The south of the district is occupied by the Lusatian Mountains, and the countryside slopes away to the north.

The Spree river enters the district from the southeast and runs through Schirgiswalde and Bautzen before leaving to the north. North of Bautzen, the river is dammed by a reservoir (Talsperre Bautzen, 5.5 km²).

At its widest, the district is 65 km east-west, and 63 km north-south.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bautzen (Budyšin)
  2. Bernsdorf
  3. Bischofswerda
  4. Elstra
  5. Großröhrsdorf
  6. Hoyerswerda (Wojerecy)
  7. Kamenz (Kamjenc)
  8. Königsbrück
  9. Lauta (Łuty)
  10. Pulsnitz
  11. Radeberg
  12. Schirgiswalde-Kirschau
  13. Weißenberg (Wospork)
  14. Wilthen
  15. Wittichenau (Kulow)
  1. Arnsdorf
  2. Bretnig-Hauswalde
  3. Burkau (Porchow)
  4. Crostwitz (Chrósćicy)
  5. Cunewalde
  6. Demitz-Thumitz
  7. Doberschau-Gaußig (Dobruša-Huska)
  8. Elsterheide (Halštrowska hola)
  9. Frankenthal
  10. Göda (Hodźij)
  11. Großdubrau (Wulka Dubrawa)
  12. Großharthau
  13. Großnaundorf
  14. Großpostwitz (Budestecy)
  15. Haselbachtal
  1. Hochkirch (Bukecy)
  2. Laußnitz
  3. Lichtenberg
  4. Königswartha (Rakecy)
  5. Kubschütz (Kubšicy)
  6. Lohsa (Łaz)
  7. Malschwitz (Malešecy)
  8. Nebelschütz (Njebjelćicy)
  9. Neschwitz (Njeswaćidło)
  10. Neukirch/Lausitz
  11. Neukirch (bei Königsbrück)
  12. Obergurig (Hornja Hórka)
  13. Ohorn
  14. Oßling
  15. Ottendorf-Okrilla
  1. Panschwitz-Kuckau (Pančicy-Kukow)
  2. Puschwitz (Bóšicy)
  3. Räckelwitz (Worklecy)
  4. Radibor (Radwor)
  5. Ralbitz-Rosenthal (Ralbicy-Róžant)
  6. Rammenau
  7. Schmölln-Putzkau
  8. Schönteichen
  9. Schwepnitz
  10. Sohland an der Spree
  11. Spreetal (Sprjewiny doł)
  12. Steina
  13. Steinigtwolmsdorf
  14. Wachau

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The district's arms are identical to the arms of the margravate of Upper Lusatia. The coat of arms was established about 1350, when six towns of Upper Lusatia founded a confederacy. This loose alliance became a margravate under the Bohemian crown in 1378.

References

External links

Media related to Landkreis Bautzen at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website (German)


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