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United States National Grassland

National Grasslands are authorized by Title III of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act. For administrative purposes, they are essentially identical to U.S. National Forests, except that grasslands are areas primarily consisting of prairie. Like National Forests, National Grasslands may be open for hunting, grazing, mineral extraction, recreation and other uses. Various National Grasslands are typically administered in conjunction with nearby National Forests.

All but three National Grasslands are on or at the edge of the Great Plains. Those three are in southeastern Idaho, northeastern California, and central Oregon. The three National Grasslands in North Dakota, together with one in northwestern South Dakota, are administered jointly as the Dakota Prairie Grasslands. National Grasslands are generally much smaller than National Forests. Whereas a typical National Forest would be about 1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha), the average Grassland size is 191,914 acres (77,665 ha). The largest National Grassland, the Little Missouri National Grassland in North Dakota, covers 1,028,784 acres (416,334 ha), which is approximately the median size of a National Forest. As of September 30, 2007, the total area of all 20 National Grasslands was 3,838,280 acres (1,553,300 ha).[1]


  • Dust Bowl 1
  • List of National Grasslands 2
  • List of Prairie Reserves 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Dust Bowl

The catastrophic Dust Bowl of the 1930s led to the creation of the Soil Conservation Service in 1933. This and subsequent federal laws paved the way for establishing national grasslands.

List of National Grasslands

Name Photo Location[2] Administered by Area[1] Description
Black Kettle Oklahoma, Texas
Cibola National Forest 700431286000000000031,286 acres (126.6 km2) Black Kettle has sandy red slate hills as well as grassland and oak brush. There are three developed recreation areas, and the Washita River flows through the grassland.
Buffalo Gap South Dakota
Nebraska National Forests 7005595715000000000595,715 acres (2,410.8 km2) There are mixed prairie and badlands in Buffalo Gap as well as a reintroduced population of black-footed ferrets.
Butte Valley California
Klamath National Forest 700418425000000000018,425 acres (74.6 km2) Formed July 1991, Butte Valley is the most recent National Grassland. It contains Meiss Lake and views of the Cascade Range.
Caddo Texas
National Forests and Grasslands in Texas 700417873000000000017,873 acres (72.3 km2) Caddo is divided into two units and has two developed recreation areas around Lake Davy Crockett.
Cedar River North Dakota
Dakota Prairie Grasslands 70036717000000000006,717 acres (27.2 km2) Cedar River is within the Standing Rock Indian Reservation and has rolling hills and ephemeral streams.
Cimarron Kansas
Pike & San Isabel National Forests 7005108176000000000108,176 acres (437.8 km2) Cimarron has shortgrass prairie with cottonwood groves along the Cimarron River.
Comanche Colorado
Pike & San Isabel National Forests 7005443081000000000443,081 acres (1,793.1 km2) There are not only prairies in Comanche, but also canyons, including Picture Canyon.
Crooked River Oregon
Descutes & Ochoco National Forests 7005112357000000000112,357 acres (454.7 km2) Crooked River contains two National Wild and Scenic Rivers: the Deschutes and Crooked rivers.
Curlew Idaho
Caribou-Targhee National Forest 700447790000000000047,790 acres (193.4 km2) In southern Idaho, Curlew provides habitat for sage grouse while the Sweeten Pond area supports waterfowl and shorebirds.
Fort Pierre South Dakota
Nebraska National Forests 7005115890000000000115,890 acres (469.0 km2) Located north of Pierre, South Dakota, Fort Pierre includes several ponds open to fishing and dispersed camping.
Grand River South Dakota
Dakota Prairie Grasslands 7005154783000000000154,783 acres (626.4 km2) In addition to prairie, there are a variety of habitats in Grand River, including sand dunes, river bottoms, badlands, buttes, and sandstone outcroppings.
Kiowa New Mexico
Cibola National Forest 7005137131000000000137,131 acres (554.9 km2) Kiowa consists of two units in northeastern New Mexico and includes canyons along the Canadian River.
Little Missouri North Dakota
Dakota Prairie Grasslands 70061028784000000001,028,784 acres (4,163.3 km2) The largest National Grassland, Little Missouri includes badlands and short and long grass prairie.
Lyndon B. Johnson Texas
National Forests and Grasslands in Texas 700420309000000000020,309 acres (82.2 km2) Used primarily for recreation, Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland has no fees and is located northwest of Fort Worth.
McClellan Creek Texas
Cibola National Forest 70031449000000000001,449 acres (5.9 km2) McClellan Creek National Grassland surrounds Lake McClellan, and nearly all of the grassland was burned in 2006.
Oglala Nebraska
Nebraska National Forests 700494520000000000094,520 acres (382.5 km2) The badlands of Toadstool Geologic Park are within Oglala National Grassland.
Pawnee Colorado
Arapho & Roosevelt National Forests 7005193060000000000193,060 acres (781.3 km2) Pawnee has camping at Crow Valley Recreation Area and trails to the Pawnee Buttes.
Rita Blanca Texas, Oklahoma
Cibola National Forest 700492989000000000092,989 acres (376.3 km2) Rita Blanca includes grasslands, marshes, and woodlands and is located in the Texas Panhandle and western Oklahoma.
Sheyenne North Dakota
Dakota Prairie Grasslands 700470446000000000070,446 acres (285.1 km2) Sheyenne provides habitat for the largest population of greater prairie chickens in North Dakota as well as the Dakota skipper butterfly and western prairie fringed orchid.
Thunder Basin Wyoming
Medicine Bow – Routt National Forest 7005547499000000000547,499 acres (2,215.6 km2) Thunder Basin is located in the Powder River Basin between the Big Horn Mountains and the Black Hills.

List of Prairie Reserves

Name Photo Location[3] Date formed Area[1] Description
Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie Illinois
1996 700418226000000000018,226 acres (73.8 km2) The only federally managed prairie east of the Mississippi River, Midewin is in the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion and was created when land was transferred to the U.S. Forest Service from the U.S. Army. It is open to non-motorized recreation.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Land Areas of the National Forest System". U.S. Forest Service. January 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie".  

External links

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