World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg

Article Id: WHEBN0000548248
Reproduction Date:

Title: Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: William II of Württemberg, Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Yser, Dukes of Württemberg, Battle of Hill 60 (Western Front)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg ca. 1905
Born 23 December 1865
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 31 October 1939 (age 73)
Altshausen, Germany
Allegiance German Empire
Rank Generalfeldmarschall
Commands held German 4th Army (1914–1917)
Army Group Albrecht (1917–1918)
Battles/wars World War I
Battle of the Ardennes
Battle of the Yser
Second Battle of Ypres
Awards Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece (1893)
Military Merit Cross (1914)
Pour le Mérite (1915)

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg or Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg, 23 December 1865 – 31 October 1939) was an important German military leader in World War I and head of the Royal House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • World War I 2
  • Post war 3
  • Family 4
  • Ancestry 5
  • Decorations and awards 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8

Early life

Duke Albrecht was born in Vienna as the eldest child of Duke Philipp of Württemberg[1] and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria,[2] daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen.

World War I

At the start of World War I, Duke Albrecht commanded the German 4th Army and led them to victory in the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following this victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred to Flanders in October, where Duke Albrecht commanded them during the Battle of the Yser. Duke Albrecht also commanded the German forces during the Second Battle of Ypres, where poison gas was used on a large scale for the first time.

Duke Albrecht was awarded the Pour le Mérite in August 1915 and was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in August 1916. The newly formed Army Group Albrecht was placed under his commanded in February 1917 and he was responsible for the southern sector of the Western Front until the Armistice.

Post war

Duke Albrecht had become heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Württemberg following the death of his father in October 1917, but, following the German Empire's World War I defeat and the abdication of his cousin King Willhelm II of Württemberg following the German Revolution, he never succeeded to the throne. He became head of the House of Württemberg on the death of Wilhelm on October 2, 1921.

Duke Albrecht died at Altshausen Castle on October 29, 1939. His son Duke Philipp Albrecht succeeded him as head of the House of Württemberg.

Family

Duke Albrecht was married in Vienna on 24 January 1893 to Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria,[3] a daughter of Archduke Carl Ludwig. They had seven children:

Ancestry

Decorations and awards

Notes

  1. ^ born 30 July 1838 in Neuilly-sur-Seine; died 11 October 1917 in Stuttgart.
  2. ^ born 15 July 1845 in Vienna; died 8 October 1927 in Tübingen.
  3. ^ born 13 May 1870 in Artstetten Castle; died 24 August 1902 in Gmunden.
  4. ^ "Court Circular" The Times (London). Friday, 19 January 1900. (36043), p. 7.

References

  • Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
  • Pictures of the children of Albrecht (Archived 2009-10-25)
  • Tucker, Spencer C .; Roberts, Priscilla Mary (2005). Encyclopedia of World War I. ABC-Clio.  
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
Born: 23 December 1865 Died: 31 October 1939
German royalty
Preceded by
Duke Philipp
Heir to the Throne of Württemberg
as heir presumptive
11 October 1917 – 30 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Wilhelm II
— TITULAR —
King of Württemberg
2 October 1921 – 31 October 1939
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Duke Philipp Albrecht
Military offices
Preceded by
Formed from VI Army Inspectorate
(VI. Armee-Inspektion)
Commander, 4th Army
2 August 1914-25 February 1917
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.