World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of cathedrals in Ireland

Article Id: WHEBN0000732247
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of cathedrals in Ireland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lists of cathedrals, St. Aidan's Cathedral, Pro-Cathedral of the Holy Apostles, Wrexham Cathedral, Ayr Cathedral
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of cathedrals in Ireland

This article lists the current and former cathedrals of the main Christian churches in Ireland. Since the main denominations are organised on an all-Ireland basis, this article includes information about both jurisdictions: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Abbreviations and Key 2
  • Listing of establishments 3
    • Roman Catholic Church 3.1
      • Province of Armagh 3.1.1
      • Province of Cashel 3.1.2
      • Province of Dublin 3.1.3
      • Province of Tuam 3.1.4
    • Church of Ireland 3.2
      • Province of Armagh 3.2.1
      • Province of Dublin 3.2.2
    • Former cathedrals 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Overview

It is a commonly held perception that the term 'cathedral' may be applied to any particularly large or grand church. Whilst many cathedrals may be such, this is due to their ecclesiastical status (such a church is grand because it is a cathedral, rather than it being a cathedral because of its grandeur). A cathedral may therefore be a smaller building, particularly where they exist in sparser or poorer communities. Modern cathedrals may lack the grandeur of former times, focussing on the functional aspect of a place of worship, though it should be borne in mind that many of the grand and ancient cathedrals of today were originally built to a much smaller plan, and have been successively extended and rebuilt over the centuries. Some cathedrals were purpose-built as such, whilst others were formerly parochial, or parish churches, subsequently promoted in status due to ecclesiastical requirements such as periodic diocesan reorganisation.

Essentially, a cathedral church is a Christian place of worship which is the chief, or 'mother' church of an episcopal see and is distinguished as such by being the location for the cathedra or bishop's seat. Strictly speaking therefore, only those Christian denominations with an Episcopal polity possess cathedrals. However the label 'cathedral' remains in common parlance for notable churches which were formerly part of an episcopal denomination, such as may be the case with some Scottish churches which are now within the Presbyterian Church of Scotland (see List of cathedrals in Scotland). In addition, former cathedrals which may now be in a ruined state, retain their nominal status.

The following list comprises, for the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, all locations of a current cathedral church, or former cathedral church, as well as those locations where no trace remains of the structure, indeed where the precise location is no longer known.

Also included are those structures or sites of intended cathedrals as well as pro-cathedrals (churches serving as an interim cathedral, for instance whilst a permanent cathedral is acquired, or (as a co-cathedral where the diocesan demographics/geography requires the bishop's seat to be shared with a building in an alternate location).

The inclusion of the entire island of Ireland is strictly for ecclesiastical reasons. Northern Ireland is represented because, although it politically comprises part of the United Kingdom, ecclesiastically the island comprises a single geographically-based unit.

In the list which follows the cathedrals are listed by denomination and (where applicable) denominational hierarchy. Disused establishments are listed separately.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from details provided by Ordnance Survey Ireland.[1]

Terms not covered in the above preamble include translated, which is the move of a bishop's seat from one location to another, moving cathedral status from the former church and bestowing it on the destination church, such as may occur in a diocesan or provincial re-organisation.

Abbreviations and Key

Listing of establishments

Roman Catholic Church

Province of Armagh

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website
Armagh St. Patrick 1870 Archdiocese of Armagh
Belfast St. Peter 1866 Diocese of Down and Connor

Architects Jeremiah McAuley, a native Belfast priest and John O'Neill

Cavan St. Patrick and St. Feidlim 1942 Diocese of Kilmore
Derry St. Eugene 1873 Diocese of Derry
Letterkenny St. Eunan and St. Columba 1901 Diocese of Raphoe
Longford St. Mel mid 19thC; destroyed by fire December 2009 Diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnois
Monaghan St. Macartan 1892 Diocese of Clogher
Mullingar Christ the King 1936 Diocese of Meath
Newry St. Patrick and St. Colman 1829 Diocese of Dromore

Province of Cashel

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website
Cobh St. Colman 1915 Diocese of Cloyne
Cork St. Mary and St. Anne 1869 Diocese of Cork and Ross

pro-cathedral

Ennis St. Peter and St. Paul 1843 Diocese of Killaloe

pro-cathedral

Killarney The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1855 Diocese of Kerry (Ardfert & Aghadoe)
Limerick St. John the Baptist 1859 Diocese of Limerick
Skibbereen St. Patrick 1826 Diocese of Cork and Ross
Thurles The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1879 Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly

built on the site of a Carmelite Priory

Waterford The Most Holy Trinity 1796 Diocese of Waterford and Lismore

Province of Dublin

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website
Carlow The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1839 Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin

Dublin The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1825 Archdiocese of Dublin

pro-cathedral

Enniscorthy St. Aidan 1860 Diocese of Ferns
Kilkenny The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1857 Diocese of Ossory

Province of Tuam

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website
Ballaghaderreen The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Nathy 1860 Diocese of Achonry
Ballina St Muredach 1892 Diocese of Killala
Galway St. Nicholas and Our Lady Assumed into Heaven 1965 Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora
Loughrea St. Brendan 1902 Diocese of Clonfert
Sligo The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1874 Diocese of Elphin
Tuam The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1837 Archdiocese of Tuam

Church of Ireland

Province of Armagh

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website Diocese
Armagh The Cathedral and Metropolitan Church of St. Patrick 445 Armagh
Belfast St. Anne 1904 Connor and Down and Dromore
Clogher St. Macartan 1744 on site of an ancient monastery Clogher
Derry St. Columb 1633 Derry and Raphoe
Downpatrick The Holy and Undivided Trinity 1818 (also known as Down Cathedral)
on site of ancient monastery
Down and Dromore
Dromore Christ the Redeemer 1609 on site of an earlier church Down and Dromore
Enniskillen St. Macartan 1923 former 17thC parish church Clogher
Killala St. Patrick 17thC Tuam, Killala and Achonry
Kilmore St. Fethlimidh 1860 Bedell Memorial Church Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh
Lisburn Christ Church 1662 Connor
Raphoe St. Eunan 9thC on site of 6thC monastery Derry and Raphoe
Sligo St. Mary the Virgin and St. John the Baptist 1874 Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh
Tuam St. Mary 19thC Tuam, Killala and Achonry

Province of Dublin

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website Diocese
Cashel St. John the Baptist and St. Patrick's Rock 1780 Cashel and Ossory
Clonfert St. Brendan Limerick and Killaloe
Cloyne St. Colman Cork, Cloyne and Ross
Cork St. Fin Barre 1870 Cork, Cloyne and Ross
Dublin The Holy Trinity commonly called Christ Church Cathedral Dublin and Glendalough
Dublin St. Patrick The National Cathedral is not a cathedral of the Diocese of Dublin. It has a common relationship with all the dioceses of the Church of Ireland Dublin and Glendalough
Ferns St. Edan Cashel and Ossory
Kildare St. Brigid Meath and Kildare
Kilfenora St. Fachtan c.1200 partly ruined; nave in use for worship
Kilkenny St. Canice Cashel and Ossory
Killaloe St. Flannan 12thC founded (on the site of an earlier monastery) in 1185 by Donal Mor O'Brien Limerick and Killaloe
Leighlin St. Laserian Cashel and Ossory
Limerick The Blessed Virgin Mary 1168 Limerick and Killaloe
Lismore The Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Carthage Cashel and Ossory
Rosscarbery St. Fachtna Cork, Cloyne and Ross
Trim St. Patrick 1954 19thC Parish Church Meath and Kildare
Waterford The Holy Trinity 1770 Commonly called Christ Church Cathedral Cashel and Ossory

Former cathedrals

With some exceptions, these former cathedrals were established prior to the Reformation in Ireland and the subsequent transfer of Church assets to the Established church. Most had ceased to be cathedrals prior to the establishment of the Church of Ireland.

Establishment Image Dedication Established Notes/Provenance Location & Website
Achonry St. Crumnathy 1822–1997 Closed in 1997. The cathedral was built on the site of a monastery
Annaghdown St. Brendan 10thC
Ardagh Mél of Ardagh 10thC Although reputed to date from the time of St Mél, the structure visible today is a 9th or 10th century building.
Ardfert St. Brendan 13thC destroyed by fire 1641 (NM)
Ardmore 13thC
Cashel
Clonard St. John destroyed by fire 1206
Connor + St. Saviour destroyed in the Irish Rebellion of 1641; CI Parish Church on site
Duleek Co. Meath
Emly St. Alibeus demolished 1877
Elphin St. Mary the Virgin Church of Ireland parish church, wrecked by storm damage in the 1950s, now ruined; diocese amalgamated with Sligo
Fermoy St. Patrick co-cathedral, now parochial church
Glendalough St. Peter and St. Paul 7th-13thC (NM)
Kilmacduagh St. Colman 15thC (NM)
Newtown-Trim St. Peter and St. Paul 15thC (NM)
Scattery Island Co. Clare

See also

References

  1. ^ "Home". Ordinance Survey Ireland. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 

External links

  • List of Cathedrals in Ireland and Great Britain by GCatholic.org
  • Cathedrals and Churches of Ireland by Cathedrals and Churches of Ireland
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.