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Spanish general election, 1979

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Spanish general election, 1979

Spanish general election, 1979

1 March 1979

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 208 (of the 218) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Turnout 18,259,192 (68.0%)
Decrease10.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Adolfo Suárez Felipe González Santiago Carrillo
Party UCD PSOE PCE
Leader since 3 May 1977 13 October 1974 3 July 1960
Last election 166 seats, 34.4% 118 seats, 29.3% 19 seats, 9.3%
Seats won 168 121 23
Seat change Increase2 Increase3 Increase4
Popular vote 6,268,593 5,469,813 1,938,487
Percentage 34.8% 30.4% 10.8%
Swing Increase0.4 pp Increase1.1 pp Increase1.5 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Manuel Fraga Jordi Pujol i Soley Blas Piñar
Party AP CiU UN
Leader since 9 October 1976 17 November 1974 1979
Last election 16 seats, 8.2% 11 seats, 2.8% Did not contest
Seats won 10 8 1
Seat change Decrease6 Decrease3 Increase1
Popular vote 1,088,578 483,353 378,964
Percentage 6.0% 2.7% 2.1%
Swing Decrease2.2 pp Decrease0.1 pp New party

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Adolfo Suárez
UCD

Elected Prime Minister

Adolfo Suárez
UCD

Evolution of popular vote in the Spanish General Elections from the democratic transition until 2008. Voter turnout is usually high.

The 1979 Spanish general election was held on Thursday, 1 March, to elect the 1st Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. At stake were all 350 seats to the Congress of Deputies and all 208 seats to the Senate.[1]

The Union of the Democratic Centre remained the largest party, winning 168 of the 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 119 of the 218 seats in the Senate, as such they continued in minority government.

Results

Congress of Deputies

 Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress election results
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 6,268,593 34.84 +0.40 168 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 5,469,813 30.40 −3.38 121 −3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1,938,487 10.77 +1.44 23 +4
Democratic Coalition (CD) 1,088,578 6.05 −2.16 10 −6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 483,353 2.69 −1.06 8 −5
National Union (UN) 378,964 2.11 New 1 +1
Andalusian Party (PSA-PA) 325,842 1.81 New 5 +5
Party of Labour of Spain 192,798 1.07 New 0 0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 296,597 1.65 +0.03 7 −1
Popular Unity (HB) 172,110 0.96 New 3 +3
Socialist Workers' Party–Historical Branch 133,869 0.74 New 0 0
Organización Revolucionaria de los Trabajadores 127,517 0.71 +0.59 0 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 123,452 0.69 −0.10 1 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 85,677 0.48 +0.14 1 ±0
Communist Movement-Organización de Izquierda Comunista 84,856 0.47 New 0 0
Galician National Popular Bloc 60,889 0.34 +0.22 0 ±0
Canarian People's Union (UPC) 58,953 0.33 New 1 +1
Left Bloc for National Liberation 56,582 0.31 New 0 0
Unidade Galega 55,555 0.31 New 0 0
Republican Left 55,384 0.31 New 0 0
Carlist Party 50,552 0.28 New 0 0
OCEBR-UCE 47,937 0.27 New 0 0
Workers' Communist Party 47,896 0.27 New 0 0
Aragonese Regionalist Party (PAR) 38,042 0.21 +0.01 1 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League 36,662 0.20 New 0 0
Union Foral Pais Vasco 34,108 0.19 New 0 0
Falange Española de las Jons Autentica 30,252 0.17 +0.03 0 ±0
Coalition for Aragon 19,220 0.11 New 0 0
Nationalist Party of Castilla and Leon 16,016 0.09 New 0 0
Liberal Party 15,774 0.09 New 0 0
Valancian Regional Union 15,694 0.09 New 0 0
National Party of the Valencian Country 13,828 0.08 New 0 0
Navarre Left Union 10,970 0.06 –0.07 0 ±0
Spanish Rural Party 10,324 0.06 New 0 0
Party of the Canarian Country 10,099 0.06 New 0 0
Socialists of Mallorca and Menorca 10,022 0.06 New 0 0
Syndicalist Party 9,777 0.05 New 0 0
Union for the Freedom of Expression 7,126 0.04 New 0 0
Estat Catala 6,328 0.04 New 0 0
Cantonal Party 6,290 0.03 New 0 0
Candidatura Indepeniente del Campo 6,115 0.03 New 0 0
Christian Social Democratic Party of Catalonia 4,976 0.03 –0.02 0 ±0
Partido Proverista 4,939 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Republican Action 4,826 0.03 New 0 0
Communist League 3,614 0.02 New 0 0
Conceyu Nacionalista Astur 3,049 0.02 New 0 0
Falange Española Autentica 2,736 0.02 New 0 0
Partido Independiente pro Politica Austera 2,409 0.01 New 0 0
Workers and Peasants Party 2,314 0.01 New 0 0
Independent Candidates 1,820 0.01 New 0 0
Falange Española Independiente–Unidad Falangista 1,188 0.01 New 0 0
Falange Española–Unidad Falangista 876 0.00 New 0 0
Blank ballots 57,267 0.32 +0.07
Total 17,990,915 100.00 350 ±0
Valid votes 17,990,915 98.53 −0.04
Invalid votes 268,277 1.47 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 18,259,192 68.04 −10.79
Abstentions 8,577,298 31.96 +10.79
Registered voters 26,836,490
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
UCD
  
34.84%
PSOE
  
30.40%
PCE
  
10.77%
CD
  
5.89%
CiU
  
2.69%
UN
  
2.11%
PSA-PA
  
1.81%
EAJ
  
1.65%
PTE
  
1.07%
HB
  
0.96%
PSOE-H
  
0.74%
ORT
  
0.71%
ERFN
  
0.69%
EE
  
0.48%
MC-OIC
  
0.47%
BNPG
  
0.34%
C-UPC
  
0.33%
BEAN
  
0.31%
PG-POG-PSG
  
0.31%
IR
  
0.31%
PCARL
  
0.28%
OCEBR-UCE
  
0.27%
PCT
  
0.27%
PAR
  
0.21%
Others
  
2.40%
Blank
  
0.32%
Parliamentary seats
UCD
  
48.00%
PSOE
  
34.57%
PCE
  
6.57%
CD
  
2.86%
CiU
  
2.29%
EAJ
  
2.00%
PSA-PA
  
1.43%
HB
  
0.86%
UN
  
0.29%
ERFN
  
0.29%
EE
  
0.29%
C-UPC
  
0.29%
PAR
  
0.29%

Senate

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Elected Regional Total
Union of the Democratic Centre 118 1 119 +13
PSOE-PSC 71 3 74 +27
Basque Nationalist Party 8 2 10 +10
Convergence and Union 1 2 3 +3
Democratic Coalition 3 0 3 +3
Candidatura Progresista 1 0 1 +1
Herri Batasuna 1 0 1 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia 0 1 1 +1
Agrupacíon Per l'Entesa 1 0 1 +1
Independents 4 1 5 –9
Invalid/blank votes 513,445
Total 18,454,010 100 208 10 218 +16
Registered voters/turnout 26,836,490 68.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1817 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
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