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Food cooperative

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Title: Food cooperative  
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Subject: Students for Cooperation, List of food cooperatives, Ypsilanti Food Co-op, Intentional community, Consumer cooperative
Collection: Food Cooperatives
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Food cooperative

A food cooperative or food co-op is a food distribution outlet organized as a cooperative. Food cooperatives are usually consumers' cooperatives where the decisions regarding the production and distribution of its food is chosen by its members. Food cooperatives follow the 7 Cooperative Principles and typically offer natural foods. Since decisions about how to run a cooperative are not made by outside shareholders, cooperatives often exhibit a higher degree of social responsibility than their corporate analogues.[1]

In the United States, the National Cooperative Grocers (NCG) is a cooperative federation that is composed of 146 food cooperatives.


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • Footnotes 3
  • Further reading 4


The grocery stores.[2] Food cooperatives began to emerge in major cities and college towns, catering to the food-conscious. Co-op members made the decision of what foods to buy and how to purchase and distribute it.

Between 1969 and 1979, close to 10,000 food co-ops were established.[2]

See also


  1. ^ The food cooperative. 8 December 2005.
  2. ^ a b Greenberg, Brian; Watts, Linda S. (2009). Social History of the United States, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 157.  

Further reading

  • Anne Meis Knupfer, Food Co-ops in America: Communities, Consumption, and Economic Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013.

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