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Richeza of Denmark

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Title: Richeza of Denmark  
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Subject: Valdemar I of Denmark, Eric X of Sweden, Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden, Richeza of Poland, Queen of Sweden, List of Swedish consorts
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Richeza of Denmark

Richeza of Denmark
Queen consort of Sweden
Tenure 1210–1216
Spouse Eric X of Sweden
Issue Sophia Eriksdotter
Martha Eriksdotter
Ingeborg Eriksdotter
Marianna Eriksdotter
Eric XI of Sweden
House House of Estridsen
Father Valdemar I of Denmark
Mother Sophia of Minsk
Born c. 1190/91
Died 1220
Denmark
Richeza on her gravestone (cenotaph)

Richeza of Denmark (Swedish: Rikissa Valdemarsdotter; c. 1180–1220) was a medieval Queen consort of Sweden, spouse of King Eric X and mother of King Eric XI.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Children 2
  • References 3
  • Ancestry 4
  • Succession 5

Biography

Richeza was a daughter of Valdemar I of Denmark and Sophia of Minsk. She received her first name, originally a Lotharingian-Burgundian female name, in honor of her maternal grandmother, the late Richeza of Poland.

In c. 1210 the new king Eric X of Sweden, who had deposed his predecessor Sverker II, desired to build cordial and peaceful relations with Denmark, which had traditionally supported the House of Sverker, against the Norwegian-supported dynasty of Eric. That was why Richeza, sister of the then reigning Valdemar II of Denmark, was married to Eric.

When she arrived at the Swedish coast, the legend says, she expressed her surprise that she was expected to ride and not travel by carriage, as she had been used to in her birth country, and the Swedish noblewomen and ladies-in-waiting had encouraged her to adapt the customs of her new home country instead of trying to establish her own "Jutian" customs.

Queen Richeza bore exclusively daughters as long as her spouse was alive. King Eric died in 1216. Dowager Queen Richeza was pregnant at the time and then gave birth to her only surviving son, the future Eric XI of Sweden, after the death of her spouse. The family of King Eric X, however, was driven to exile from Sweden as the House of Sverker heir, John I of Sweden, was elected king there, to succeed Richeza's husband. It was in Denmark where Richeza herself died, without seeing her son's accession to the throne (in 1222), nor her daughters' marriages.

Children

  • Sophia Eriksdotter (died 1241), married Henry III of Rostock
  • Martha Eriksdotter married the Marshal Nils Sixtensson (Sparre)
  • Birger Jarl, regent of Sweden
  • Marianna Eriksdotter, who married a duke of Pomerania
  • Eric XI of Sweden (1216–1250)

References

  • Åke Ohlmarks: Alla Sveriges drottningar (All the queens of Sweden) (Swedish)

Ancestry

Succession

Rikissa Valdemarsdotter
Born: 1190/1191 Died: 8 May 1220
Swedish royalty
Preceded by
Ingegerd Birgersdotter
Queen consort of Sweden
1210–1216
Succeeded by
Helena Pedersdotter
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