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List of long tunnels by type

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Title: List of long tunnels by type  
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List of long tunnels by type

This page presents the same tunnels as in World Heritage Encyclopedia's list of tunnels by length in separate lists according to the different tunnel types.

Rail (excluding rapid transit)

Name Location Length in km (mi) Year Completed Line
Seikan Tunnel Japan (Tsugaru Strait) 53.9 (33.5) 1988 Kaikyo Line (Hokkaidō Shinkansen)
Channel Tunnel France/United Kingdom (English Channel) 50.5 (31.3) 1994 Channel Tunnel
Lötschberg Base Tunnel Switzerland (Bernese Alps) 34.5 (21.4) 2007 Lötschbergbahn
Brig - Thun (- Bern - Basel)
Guadarrama Tunnel[1] Spain (Sierra de Guadarrama) 28.4 km (17.6 mi) 2007 LAV Madrid - Valladolid
Taihang Tunnel[2] China (Shanxi) 27.9 km (17.3 mi) 2007 Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan High-Speed Railway
Hakkōda Tunnel Japan (Hakkōda Mountains) 26.5 km (16.5 mi) 2010 Tōhoku Shinkansen
Iwate-Ichinohe Tunnel Japan (Ōu Mountains) 25.8 (16.0) 2002 Tōhoku Shinkansen
Lainzer/Wienerwaldtunnel Austria (Vienna) 23.844 km (14.816 mi) 2012 West railway
Middle Tianshan Tunnel[3] China (Xinjiang) 22.452 km (14.0 mi) 2012 Turpan-Kuqa County Railway
Daishimizu Tunnel Japan (Mount Tanigawa) 22.2 (13.8) 1982 Jōetsu Shinkansen
Qingyunshan Tunnel[3][4][5] China (Fujian) 22.175 km (13.8 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Wushaoling Tunnel China (Gansu) 21.1 km (13.1 mi) 2006 Lanzhou - Ürümqi Railway
Lüliangshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 20.8 km (12.9 mi) 2011 Taiyuan - Zhongwei - Yinchuan Railway
Geumjeong Tunnel[6] South Korea (Busan) 20.3 km (12.6 mi) 2010 Gyeongbu High Speed Railway
Simplon (2 tubes) Italy/Switzerland (Lepontine Alps) 19.8 (12.3) 1906/1922 Genève/Basel - Brig - Novara/Milano
Vereina Switzerland (Silvretta) 19.1 (11.8) 1999 (Chur-)Klosters - Saglians
Shin Kanmon Japan (Kanmon Straits) 18.7 (11.6) 1975 Sanyō Shinkansen
Vaglia Italy (Tuscan-Emilian Apennines) 18.7 km (11.6 mi) 2009 Bologna–Florence high-speed railway
Apennine Base Tunnel Italy (Apennine Mountains) 18.5 (11.5) 1934 Bologna - Florence
Qinling Tunnel (zh) China (Shaanxi) 18.460 km (11.5 mi) 2002/2005 Xi'an–Ankang Railway
Xuefengshan Tunnel[7] China (Fujian) 17.892 km (11.1 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Gaoganshan Tunnel[8] China (Fujian) 17.612 km (10.9 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Rokkô Japan (Rokkô Mountain) 16.3 (10.1) 1972 Sanyō Shinkansen
Solan Tunnel South Korea (Taebaek) 16.2 km (10.1 mi) 2012 Yeongdong Line
Xiangshan Tunnel China (Fujian) 15.901 km (9.880 mi) 2012 Longyan–Xiamen Railway
Daiyunshan Tunnel[3] China (Fujian) 15.623 km (9.7 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Guanshan Tunnel China (Gansu) 15.55 km (9.7 mi) 2012 Tianshui-Pingliang Railway
Furka Base Switzerland (Urner Alps) 15.4 (9.6) 1982 Andermatt - Brig
Haruna Japan (Gunma Prefecture) 15.4 (9.5) 1982 Jōetsu Shinkansen
Firenzuola Italy (Tuscan-Emilian Apennines) 15.3 km (9.5 mi) 2009 Bologna–Florence high-speed railway
Severomuyskiy Russia (Severomuysky Range) 15.3 (9.5) 2001 Baikal Amur Mainline
Gorigamine Japan (Akaishi Mountains) 15.2 (9.4) 1997 Nagano Shinkansen(Hokuriku Shinkansen)
Liulangshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 15.175 km (9.4 mi) 2012 Zhungeer-Shuozhou Railway
Monte Santomarco Italy (Sila Mountains) 15.0 (9.3) 1987 Paola - Cosenza
Gotthard Rail Tunnel Switzerland (Lepontine Alps) 15.0 (9.3) 1882 Gotthardbahn
Luzern/Zürich - Lugano - Milano
Maotianshan Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 14.915 km (9.3 mi) 2011 Baotou-Xi'an Railway
Nakayama Japan (Nakayama Pass) 14.9 (9.2) 1982 Jōetsu Shinkansen
El Sargento #4 Peru 14.724 km (9.149 mi)[9] 1975 Tacna-Moquegua
Mount Macdonald Tunnel Canada (Rogers Pass) 14.7 (9.1) 1989 Calgary - Revelstoke
Wuyishan Tunnel[10] China (Fujian) 14.464 km (9.0 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Lötschberg Switzerland (Bernese Alps) 14.6 (9.1) 1913 Lötschbergbahn
Brig - Thun (- Bern - Basel)
Romeriksporten Norway (Østmarka) 14.6 (9.1) 1999 Gardermobanen
Dayaoshan Tunnel (zh) China (Guangdong) 14.295 km (8.883 mi) 1987 Beijing - Guangzhou Railway
Jinguashan Tunnel[11] China (Fujian) 14.097 km (8.8 mi) 2013 Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Hokuriku Japan (Mount Kinome) 13.9 (8.6) 1962 Hokuriku Main Line
Yesanguan Tunnel China (Hubei) 13.838 km (8.6 mi) 2009 Yichang-Wanzhou Railway
North Tianshan Tunnel China (Xinjiang) 13.61 km (8.5 mi) 2009 Jinhe-Yining-Huo Erguosi Railway
Marmaray Turkey (Istanbul) 13.6 km (8.5 mi) 2013 Marmaray
Fréjus France (Mont Cenis) 13.5 (8.4) 1871 Lyon - Turin
Epping to Chatswood RailLink Australia (Sydney) 13.5 (8.4) 2009 Epping - Chatswood
Shin-Shimizu Tunnel Japan (Mount Tanigawa) 13.5 (8.4) 1967 Jōetsu Line
Hex River South Africa (Hex River Pass) 13.5 km (8.4 mi) 1989 Pretoria - Cape Town
Savio Rail Tunnel Finland (Uusimaa) 13.5 km (8.4 mi) 2008 Kerava - Vuosaari
Wonhyo Tunnel South Korea (Ulsan) 13.3 km (8.3 mi) 2010 Gyeongbu High Speed Railway
Dabieshan Tunnel China (Hubei) 13.256 km (8.2 mi) 2008 Hefei-Wuhan High Speed Railway
Schlern/Sciliar Italy (South Tyrol) 13.2 (8.2) 1993 Brenner Railway
Caponero-Capoverde Italy 13.1 (8.2) 2001 Genova-Ventimiglia
Aki Japan 13.0 (8.2) 1975 Sanyo Shinkansen, Japan

Under construction

Name Location Length Expected completion Line
Gotthard Base Tunnel Switzerland (Alps) 57.1 km (35.5 mi) 2016 Gotthardbahn
Luzern/Zürich-Milan
Brenner Base Tunnel Austria/Italy (Stubai Alps) 55 km (34.2 mi) 2025 Brenner Railway
Mont d'Ambin base tunnel France/Italy (Cottian Alps) 53 km (32.9 mi) 2020–2023 Lyon Turin Ferroviaire
Koralm Tunnel Austria (Koralpe) 32.9 km (20.4 mi) 2022 Koralm Railway
New Guanjiao Tunnel China (Qinghai) 32.645 km (20.3 mi), 2 tubes 2014 Qinghai–Tibet Railway
West Qinling Tunnel China (Gansu) 28.236 km (17.5 mi), 2 tubes 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Semmering Base Tunnel Austria (Raxalpe) 27.3 km (17.0 mi) 2024 Southern Railway
Musil Tunnel South Korea (Ulsan) 25.1 km (15.6 mi) 2018 Jungang Line
Pajares Base Tunnel Spain 24.6 km (15.3 mi) 2014 AVE León-Asturias
South Lüliangshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 23.4647 km (14.6 mi) & 23.441 km (14.6 mi), 2 tubes 2014 Shanxi Central-South Railway
Iiyama Tunnel[12] Japan (Iiyama) 22.2 km (13.8 mi) 2015 Hokuriku Shinkansen
Muzhailing Tunnel China (Gansu) 19.08 km (11.9 mi), 2 tubes 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Shilin Tunnel China (Yunnan) 18.218 km (11.3 mi), 2 tubes  ?? Kunming-Nanning Railway
Taihangshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 18.125 km (11.3 mi), 2 tubes 2014 Shanxi Central-South Railway
Xiuling Tunnel China (Yunnan) 17.623 km (11.0 mi), 2 tubes 2017 Dali–Ruili Railway
Zhongtiaoshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 17.350 km (10.8 mi), 2 tubes  ?? Yuncheng-Sanmengxia Railway
Yongshouliang Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 17.16 km (10.7 mi) 2013 Xi'an-Pingliang Railway
Liupanshan Tunnel China (Gansu) 16.719 km (10.4 mi) 2013 Tianshui-Pingliang Railway
Hadapu Tunnel China (Gansu) 16.6 km (10.3 mi), 2 tubes 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Taiyueshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 16.194 km (10.1 mi), 2 tubes 2014 Shanxi Central-South Railway
Fajiushan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 16.007 km (9.9 mi), 2 tubes 2014 Shanxi Central-South Railway
Erqingshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 15.851 km (9.8 mi), 2 tubes 2013 Taiyuan-Xingxian Railway
Heishan Tunnel China (Gansu) 15.764 km (9.8 mi), 2 tubes 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Ceneri Base Tunnel Switzerland (Lugano) 15.4 km (9.6 mi) 2019 new Gotthard Railway
Dapoling Tunnel China (Yunnan) 14.728 km (9.2 mi) 2017 Dali-Ruili Railway
Bibanpo Tunnel China (Yunnan) 14.7 km (9.1 mi) 2015 Shanghai-Kunming High Speed Railway
Yanshan Tunnel[3][13] China (Guizhou) 14.695 km (9.1 mi) 2014 Guiyang-Guangzhou High Speed Railway
Dazhushan Tunnel China (Yunnan) 14.625 km (9.1 mi) 2017 Dali-Ruili Railway
Sandu Tunnel[3] China (Guizhou) 14.598 km (9.1 mi) 2014 Guiyang-Guangzhou High Speed Railway
Tianchiping Tunnel China (Gansu) 14.528 km (9.0 mi) 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Yanmengguan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 14.085 km (8.8 mi)  ?? North Datong-Puzhouzhen Railway
Tianpingshan Tunnel China (Guangxi) 14.012 km (8.7 mi) 2014 Guiyang-Guangzhou High Speed Railway
Tongmashan Tunnel China (Guizhou) 13.929 km (8.7 mi) 2014 Guiyang-Guangzhou High Speed Railway
Baofengshan Tunnel China (Guangxi) 13.708 km (8.5 mi) 2014 Guiyang-Guangzhou High Speed Railway
Humaling Tunnel China (Gansu) 13.611 km (8.5 mi) 2015 Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway
Wanshoushan Tunnel China (Chongqing) 13.468 km (8.4 mi) 2013 Chongqing-Lichuan Railway
Shanyang Tunnel China (Yunnan) 13.465 km (8.4 mi) 2017 Dali-Ruili Railway
Changhongling Tunnel China (Chongqing) 13.294 km (8.3 mi) 2013 Chongqing-Lichuan Railway

Subways (Metro/Underground/Rapid transit railways)

Only continuous tunnel sections should be included, excluding branches from the longest tunnel.

Name System Stations Length in km (mi) Year Completed
Line 3 Guangzhou Metro Airport South - Panyu Square 60.4 (37.5)
(longest branch)
2005-2010
Line 10 Beijing Subway Xiju - Shoujingmao 54.8 (34.2) 2008-2012
Seoul Subway Line 5 Seoul Subway Banghwa - Macheon 47.6 (29.6)
(longest branch)
1995-1996
Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line Moscow Metro Altufyevo - Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo 41.5 (25.7) 1983–2002
Metro Madrid L-12: (Metro Sur) Madrid Metro, Spain circle route 40.96 (25.5) 2003
Toei Oedo Line TMBT Subway, Japan Hikarigaoka - Shiodome - Tocho-mae 40.7 (25.3) 1991–2000
Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line Moscow Metro Medvedkovo - Novoyasenevskaya 37.6 (23.4) 1958–1990
Circle MRT Line Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore) Dhoby Ghaut - HarbourFront 35.7 (22.2) 2009–2011
Seoul Subway Line 6 Seoul Subway Eungam Loop - Bonghwasan 35.1 (21.7) 2000-2001
Seoul Subway Line 7 Seoul Subway Cheongdam - Bupyeong-gu Office 35.1 (21.7)
(longest branch)
2000-2012
Line 7 Shanghai Metro Meilan Lake - Huamu Road 34.4 km (21.4 mi) 2010
Metro Madrid L-7 Madrid Metro, Spain Hospital del Henares - Pitis 32.9 (20.5) 1974–2007
Line 3 (Southern leg) Guangzhou Metro Tianhe Coach Terminal-Panyu Square 32.767 (20.45) 2005–2006
Line 3 (Northern leg) Guangzhou Metro Airport South-Tiyu Xilu 32.05 (20.0) 2005–2010
U7 Berlin U-Bahn Rathaus Spandau-Rudow 31.8 (19.7)[14] 1924–1984
Line 6 Beijing Subway Haidian Wuluju - Caofang 31.0 km (19.3 mi) 2012
Line 2 Orange Montreal Metro Côte-Vertu - Montmorency 30.8 (19.1) 1966–2007
Line 2 Shanghai Metro East Xujing - Longyang Road 30.2 km (18.8 mi) 2000
Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya Line Saint Petersburg Metro Parnas - Kupchino 29.7 (18.54) 1961–2006
Line 8, Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro Shiguang Road - Luheng Road 29.7 km (18.5 mi) 2007-2009
Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line Saint Petersburg Metro Devyatkino - Prospekt Veteranov 29.4 (18.35) 1955–1978
Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line Moscow Metro Zyablikovo - Maryina Roshcha 28.2 (17.6) 1995–2011
Line 2, Wuhan Metro Wuhan Metro Jinyintan - Optics Valley Square 27.985 (17.49) 2012
Incheon Subway Line 1 Incheon Subway Bakchon - International Business District 27.9 (17.42) 1999-2009
Northern Line London Underground Morden - East Finchley 27.8 (17.2) 1890–1940
Tanimachi Line Osaka Municipal Subway Dainichi-Nagahara 27.1 (16.7) 1967–1983
Meijo Line Nagoya Municipal Subway Kanayama-Nagoya Dome-mae Yada-Kanayama 26.4 (16.4) 1965–2004
Line 9 Shanghai Metro Jiuting - Middle Yanggao Road 23.3 km (14.5 mi) 2007-2010
Line 1 Suzhou Metro Mudu - Zhongnan Jie 25.7 (16.0) 2012
Yurakucho Line Tokyo Metro Chikatetsu Narimasu-Tatsumi 24.6 (15.3) 1974–1988
Munich U-Bahn U2 Munich U-Bahn Feldmoching-Messestadt Ost 24.4 (15.2) 1980–2001
Yellow Line Delhi Metro, India GTB Nagar - Qutub Minar 24 (14.9)[15][16] 2010
L-1 Madrid Metro, Spain Valdecarros - Pinar de Chamartín 23.88 km (14.8 mi) 1919–2007
L-6 Madrid Metro, Spain circle route 23.47 km (14.6 mi) 1979–2007
Seoul Subway Line 9 Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation Gimpo Airport-Sinnonhyeon 23.4 (14.5) 2009
Line 1 Green Montreal Metro Angrignon - Honoré-Beaugrand 23.26 km (14.5 mi) 1966–1978
Warsaw Metro L-1 Warsaw Metro Kabaty-Młociny 23.1 km (14.4 mi) 1995–2008
Line 2 Beijing Subway circle route 23.1 km (14.4 mi) 1971
IND Eighth Avenue Line New York City Subway Inwood – 207th Street to High Street 23 km (14.3 mi) 1932-1933
Line 3 Saint Petersburg Metro Primorskaya - Rybatskoye 22.3 km (13.9 mi) 1967–1984
Line 4 Shanghai Metro Hailun Road - Yishan Road 21.1 km (13.1 mi) 2005-2007
Toei Mita Line Toei Subway Meguro - Shimura-Sakaue 21.1 km (13.1 mi) 1968–2000
Victoria line London Underground Walthamstow Central - Brixton 21 km (13.0 mi) 1968–1971
Line 6, Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro Boxing Road - Oriental Sports Center 20.34 km (12.6 mi) 2007-2011
Tozai Line Sapporo Municipal Subway Miyanosawa - Shin-Sapporo 20.1 (12.4) 1976–1999
North East MRT Line Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore) HarbourFront - Punggol 20 km (12.4 mi) 2003
Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Pont de Sèvres - Mairie de Montreuil 19.6 km (12.2 mi) 1922–1937
several lines Bay Area Rapid Transit, San Francisco Balboa Park - West Oakland 19.5 km (12.1 mi) 1973
Kol'tsevaya Line Moscow Metro Circle route 19.4 (12.2) 1950–1954
Munich U-Bahn U3 Munich U-Bahn 19.4 (12.1) 1972–2009
Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line Kiev Metro Heroiv Dnipra - Ipodrom 19.4 (12.1) 1976–2012
Midosuji Line Osaka Municipal Subway Nakatsu - Nakamozu 19.1 (12.0) 1933–1987
Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 - Villejuif – Louis Aragon 18.6 (11.6) 1910–1987
Line 1 Shanghai Metro Shanghai South Railway - Shanghai Circus World 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 1993-2004
Avtozavodskaya Line Minsk Metro Kamennaya Gorka - Mogilevskaya 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 1990–2005
Line B Prague Metro Rajská zahrada - Hůrka 18.0 (11.2) 1985–1998
Washington, DC Metro Red Line Washington Metro Union Station - Medical Center 17.8 (11.05) 1976–1984
Moskovskaya Line Minsk Metro Piatrovshchyna - Uruchcha 17.4 km (10.8 mi) 1984–2012
Line 4 Barcelona Metro Trinitat Nova - La Pau 16.7 (10.4) 1926–1999
Line 3 Barcelona Metro Zona Universitària - Canyelles 16.6 (10.3) 1924–2001
Line 1 Chongqing Rail Transit Chaotianmen - Shapingba 16.4 (10.2) 2011
Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line Kiev Metro Akademmistechko - Dnipro 16.0 (9.9) 1960–2003
Seoul Subway Line 7 Seoul Subway Suraksan - Konkuk University 16.0 (9.9) (shorter section) 1996
Syretsko-Pecherska Line Kiev Metro Syrets - Pivdennyi Bridge 15.2 (9.4) 1989–2004
Line 5 (Saint Petersburg Metro) Saint Petersburg Metro Komendantsky Prospekt - Mezhdunarodnaya 15.1 km (9.4 mi) 1997–2012
Line 1, red Tehran Metro Tajrish-Shush 14.9 (9.3) 2001–2012
Blue Line, line 10 Stockholm Metro Kungsträdgården-Hjulsta 14.3 (8.8) 1975–1977
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line Tokyo Subway Asakusa-Shibuya 14.1 (8.8) 1929–1997
Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Porte de la Chapelle - Mairie d'Issy 13.9 (8.6) 1910–1934
Line 2 Barcelona Metro Paral•lel - Pep Ventura 13.1 (8.1) 1985–1997

Under construction

Only continuous tunnel sections should be included, at least 13 km long.

Name System Stations Length in km (mi) Expected completion
City Circle Line Copenhagen Metro (circle route, all underground) 15.5 (9.6) 2018

See also List of metro systems#Metro systems under construction.

Road

Name Location metres (mi) Year Tubes Road Notes
Lærdal Norway (Lærdal - Aurland) 24,510 (15.2) 2000 1 E16
Zhongnanshan Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 18.04 km (11.2 mi) 2007 2 G65, Xi'an-Zhashui Expressway
St. Gotthard Switzerland (Uri - Ticino) 16,918 (10.5) 1980 1 A2/E35 "World's longest tunnel" 1980 - 2000
Arlberg Austria (Vorarlberg - Tyrol) 13,972 (8.7) 1978 1 S16/E60 "World's longest tunnel" 1979 - 1980
Hsuehshan Taiwan 12,942 (8.0) 2006 2 5
Fréjus France - Italy 12,895 (8.0) 1980 1 E70
Maijishan Tunnel China (Gansu) 12.29 km (7.6 mi) 2009 2 G30, Baoji-Tianshui Expressway 2 tubes, 12.290 km + 12.286 km
Mt. Blanc France - Italy (Alps) 11,611 (7.2) 1965 1 E25 "World's longest tunnel" 1965 - 1979
Gudvangen Norway (Gudvangen - Flåm) 11,428 (7.1) 1991 1 E16
Baojiashan Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 11.185 km (7.0 mi) 2009 2 G65, Xi'an-Ankang Expressway
Folgefonna Norway (Odda - Eitrheim) 11,150 (6.9) 2001 1 551
Kanetsu Japan (Gunma - Niigata) 11,055 (6.9) 1985
1991
2 Kan-Etsu Expressway Two tubes (the older 10,926 m)
Yamate Tunnel Japan (Tokyo) 10,900 (6.8) 2010 2 C2, Shuto Expressway Another tunnel is under construction will connect underground with this tunnel.
Baotashan[17] China (Shanxi) 10.480 km (6.512 mi) 2012 2 Pingyao-Yushe Expressway 2 tubes 10.48 km + 10.19 km
Hida Japan (Gifu) 10,710 (6.7) 2008 1 Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
Gran Sasso d'Italia Italy (Abruzzo) 10,176 (6.3) 1984
1995
2 A24 Two tubes (the newer 10,173 m)
Plabutsch Tunnel Austria 10,085 (6.2) 1987
2004
2 A9/E57 Two tubes (the older 9,755 m, the newer 10,085 m)
Jondal Tunnel (no) Norway (Mauranger - Jondal) 10,050 (6.2) 2012 1 107
Daxiangling (Nibashan) Tunnel China (Sichuan) 10.007 km (6.2 mi)) 2011 2 G108, Yaan-Xichang Expressway 2 tubes, 10.007 km + 9.962 km
Duplex A86 (fr) France (Rueil-Malmaison - Versailles) 10,000 (6.2) 2009/2011 1 A86
Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line Japan (Tokyo Bay) 9,576 (5.9) 1997 2 409 [1]Two subsea tubes (second 9,583 m)
Seelisberg Switzerland 9,292 (5.8) 1980 2 A2/E35
Breiðadals- og Botnsheiðar Tunnel Iceland (Ísafjörður) 9,120 (5.6) 1995 1 60 3 branches connecting in a Y-junction inside the tunnel
Karmøy Norway 8.9 (5.5) 2013 1 47
Longtan Tunnel China (Hubei) 8.693 km (5.4 mi) 2008 2 G50, Shanghai-Chengdu West Expressway 2 tubes, 8.693 km + 8.599 km
Enasan Japan (Japan Alps) 8,646 (5.4) 1975
1985
2 Chūō Expressway Older tube is 8,498 m long
Somport Tunnel (fr) France - Spain (Pyrenees) 8,608 (5.3) 2003 1 E07
Korgfjellet Norway 8,568 (5.3) 2005 1 E06
Kallang–Paya Lebar Expressway Singapore (Tanjong Rhu - Defu) 8.5 (5.2) 2007/2008 2 Kallang–Paya Lebar Expressway
Gleinalm Tunnel Austria 8,320 (5.2) 1978 1 A9/E57
Steigen Norway 8,079 (5.0) 1990 1 835
Sant' Antonio Morignone Italy 7,960 (4.9) 2000 38
Mixiliang (Ziyang) Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 7.938 km (4.932 mi) 2010 2 G30, Ankang-Maoba Expressway
Bømlafjord Norway 7,931 (4.9) 2000 1 E39 [1]
Kuocangshan Tunnel China (Zhejiang) 7.929 km (4.927 mi) 2008 2 Zhuji-Yongjia Expressway 2 tubes, 7.93 km + 7.87 km
Rennsteig Germany 7,916 (4.9) 2003 2 A71
Karawanken Austria - Slovenia 7,864 (4.9) 1991 1 E61
Eiksund Norway 7,765 (4.8) 2008[1] 1 653
Svartisen Norway 7,615 (4.7) 1987 1 17
Fangdoushan (Jinzhaishan) Tunnel China (Chongqing) 7.605 km (4.726 mi) 2006 2 G50, Zhongxian-Shizhu Expressway 2 tubes, 7.605 km + 7.567 km
Cangling Tunnel China (Zhejiang) 7.605 km (4.726 mi) 2009 2 Taizhou-Jinhua Expressway 2 tubes, 7.605 km + 7.536 km
Høyanger Norway 7,543 (4.7) 1982 1 55
Vallavik (no) Norway 7,510 (4.7) 1985 1 7
Åkrafjord (no) Norway 7,400 (4.6) 2000 1 E134
Oslofjord Norway 7,390 (4.6) 2000 1 23 [1]
Motianling Tunnel China (Chongqing) 7.353 km (4.569 mi) 2008 2 G42, Yichang-Chongqing Expressway 2 tubes, 7.353 km + 7.280 km
Shinkobe Japan 7,175 (4.5) 1988
Baiyun Tunnel China (Chongqing) 7.12 km (4.42 mi) 2008 2 G65, | Chongqing-Changsha Expressway 2 tubes, 7.120 km + 7.089 km
Xishan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 7.110 km (4.4 mi) 2011 2 Taiyuan-Gujiao Expressway 2 tubes, 7.11 km + 7.03 km
Xuefengshan Tunnel China (Hunan) 6.956 km (4.322 mi) 2006 2 G60, Shaoyang-Huaihua Expressway 2 tubes, 6.956 km + 6.946 km
Landeck Austria 6,955 (4.3) 2000 1 180
Héðinsfjarðargöng I Iceland 6,910 (4.3) 2010 1 76
Nordkapp Norway 6,875 (4.3) 1999 1 E69 [1]
Maurice Lemaire France 6,872 (4.3) 1937/1976 1 N59
Frudal (no) Norway 6,758 (4.2) 1995 1 5
Pfänder Austria 6,718 (4.2) 1980
2013
2 A14/E43
Wuchiba Tunnel China (Hubei) 6.708 km (4.168 mi) 2008 2 Shanghai-Chengdu West Expressway 2 tubes, 6.708 km + 6.693 km
Airport Link Australia (Brisbane) 6.7 km (4.2 mi) 2012 2 Metroad 7 (M7), Brisbane
Finnøy Norway 6.7 km (4.2 mi) 2009 1 519
Yangjiao Tunnel China (Chongqing) 6.682 km (4.152 mi) 2008 2 Wulong-Shuijiang Expressway 2 tubes, 6.682 km + 6.656 km
Lüjialiang Tunnel China (Chongqing) 6.664 km (4.141 mi) 2007 2 G50, Zhongxian-Shizhu Expressway 2 tubes, 6.664 km + 6.663 km
Karisaka Tunnel Japan 6,625 (4.1) 1998 1 140
Fodnes Tunnel (no) Norway 6,604 (4.1) 1995 1 5
Western Scheldt Tunnel The Netherlands 6,600 (4.1) 2003 2 N61 [1]
San Bernardino Switzerland 6,596 (4.1) 1967 1 A13/E43
Innfjord Norway 6,594 (4.1) 1991 1 E136
Mingyueshan Tunnel China (Chongqing - Sichuan) 6.557 km (4.074 mi) 2008 2 Dianjiang-Lingshui County Expressway 2 tubes, 6.557 km + 6.555 km
Xinglingjing Tunnel China (Shanxi) 6.555 km (4.073 mi) 2011 2 Taiyuan-Jianxian Expressway both tubes 6.555 km
Tauern Austria 6,401 (4.0) 1975
2011
2 A10/E55 Two tubes (the newer 6,392 m)
Fjærland Norway 6,397 (4.0) 1986 1 5
Higo Japan 6,340 (3.9) 1989
1999
2 Kyushu Expressway Two tubes (the newer 6,328 m)
Sørdals Norway 6,338 (4.0) 2007 1 E10
Putaoshan Tunnel China (Chongqing) 6.308 km (3.920 mi) 2009 2 G65, Chongqing-Changsha Expressway 2 tubes, 6.308 km + 6.280 km
Norðoyatunnilin Faroe Islands 6,300 (3.9) 2006 1 [1]
Hai Van Tunnel Vietnam 6,28 (3.9) 2005 1 1A
Kakuto Japan 6,255 (3.9) 1995 2 Kyushu Expressway
Shuangfeng Tunnel China (Zhejiang) 6.187 km (3.844 mi) 2008 2 Zhuji-Yongjia Expressway
Qinling Tunnel China (Shaanxi) 6.144 km (3.818 mi) 2007 2 Xi'an-Hanzhong Expressway 2 tubes, 6.144 km + 6.125 km
Dabashan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 6.123 km (3.805 mi) 2011 2 Dazhou-Shaanxi Expressway 2 tubes, 6.123 km + 6.115 km
Zhongxing Tunnel China (Chongqing) 6.105 km (3.793 mi) 2009 2 Wulong-Pengshui Expressway 2 tubes, 6.105 km + 6.082 km
Tiefengshan#2 Tunnel China (Chongqing) 6.025 km (3.744 mi) 2007 2 Wanzhou-Kaixian Expressway
Atsumi Japan 6.022 km (3.742 mi) 2012 1 Nihonkai-Tohoku Expressway
Naustdal Norway 5,970 (3.7) 1995 1 5
Øksendal Norway 5,965 (3.7) 2000 1 62
Guinza (it) Italy 5,960 (3.7) 2004 E78
Fáskrúðsfjarðargöng Iceland 5,894 (3.7) 2005 1 96
Hakamagoshi Japan 5,932 (3.7) 2000 1 Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
Katschberg Austria 5,898 (3.67) 1974
2008
2 A10/E55
Byfjord Norway 5,875 (3.6) 1992 E39 [1]
Tosen (no) Norway 5,857 (3.6) 1986 1 76
Strengen Austria 5,851 (3.6) 2005
2006
2 S16/E60
Grand St. Bernard Italy - Switzerland 5,798 (3.6) 1964 1 E27 "World's longest tunnel" 1964 - 1965
Mala Kapela Croatia 5,780 (3.6) 2005
2009
2 A1
Hvalfjarðargöng Iceland 5,770 (3.6) 1998 1 1 [1]
Kerenzerberg Switzerland 5,760 (3.6) 1986 1 A3
Atlanterhav Norway 5,727 (3.6) 2009 1 64
Haukeli Norway 5,682 (3.5) 1968 1 E134
Sveti Rok Croatia 5,682 (3.5) 2003
2009
2 A1
Thirrë-Kalimash Tunnel (de) Albania 5,650 (3.5) 2010 2 Albania–Kosovo Highway
Hitra Norway 5,645 (3.5) 1994 1 714 [1]
Minoo Japan 5.620 km (3.492 mi) 2007 1 423
Big Dig/Central Artery USA (Boston) 5,600 (3.5) 2006 2 Interstate 93
Meiguling Tunnel China (Fujian) 5.580 km (3.467 mi) 2003 2 G70, Beijing-Fuzhou Expressway 2 tubes, 5.580 km + 5.568 km
Hanna Japan 5,578 (3.5) 1997 2 Second Osaka-Nara Road
Yunzhongshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 5.575 km (3.464 mi) 2011 2 Xinzhou-Baode County Expressway 2 tubes, 5.575 km + 5.565 km
Mappo-Morettina (de) Switzerland (Locarno) 5,518 (3.4) 1996 A13
Bosruck (de) Austria 5,500 (3.4) 1983 A9/E57
Kanpuzan Japan 5,432 (3.4) 1999 1 194
Frøya Norway 5,305 (3.3) 2000 1 714 [1]
Felbertauern (de) Austria 5,304 (3.3) 1967 1 108
Heggur Tunnel Norway 5,277 (3.3) 1984 1
Shahriston Tunnel Tajikistan 5,253 (17,175 feet[18]) 2012 1
Cels Italy 5,245 (3.3) 1992 A32
Alfonso XIII Tunnel (Vielha) Spain 5,240 (3.3) 1948 1 N230 "World's longest tunnel" 1948 - 1964
Juan Carlos I Tunnel (New Vielha) Spain 5,230 (3.2) 2007 1 N230
Sachseln Switzerland 5,191 (3.2) 1997 1 A8
Bolungarvíkurgöng Iceland 5,156 (3.2) 2010 1 61
Schmitten Austria 5,111 (3.2) 1996 1 311
Roppen Austria 5,095 (3.2) 1990 1 E60/A12
Freifjord Norway 5,086 (3.2) 1992[1] 1 70
Učka Croatia 5,062 (3.1) 1981 1 B8, D3
Flenja (no) Norway 5,053 (3.1) 1986 1 E16
Anzob Tunnel Tajikistan 5,040 (3.1) 2006 1
Cadí Spain 5,026 (3.1) 1984 1 E09/16

Road tunnels under construction

Name Location Metres (mi) Year Tubes Road Notes
Mount Ovit Tunnel[19] Turkey (İkizdere - İspir) 14.7 km (9.1 mi) 2015 2 D.925
Solbakk Norway 14.3 km (8.9 mi) 2018 2 13
Micangshan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 13.81 km (8.6 mi)  ?? 2 Bazhong-Shaanxi Expressway
New Erlangshan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 13.433 km (8.3 mi)  ?? 2 Ya'an-Kangding Expressway
Toven Tunnel (no)[20] Norway 10.655 km (6.6 mi) 2014 1 78
Zhongtiaoshan Tunnel China (Shanxi) 9.67 km (6.01 mi) 2013 2 Yuncheng-Lingbao Expressway
Lifjell Tunnel (no) (Århus-Gvammen) Norway 9.5 km (5.9 mi) 2018 1 E134
Chenani-Nashri Tunnel India 9.200 km (5.7 mi) 2016[21] 1 NH-1A
Mayazi Tunnel China (Gansu) 9.007 km (5.6 mi) 2012? 2 Wudu, Longnan-Guanzigou, Wenxian Expressway
Rohtang Tunnel India 8.8 km (5.5 mi) 2015 1 Leh–Manali Highway
Lowari Tunnel Pakistan 8.75 (5.43) 2014 2 Dir-Chitral Road, N45
Variante di Valico Italy 8,703 (5.4) 2013-2014 2 (?) Autostrada A1
La Línea Colombia 8,652 (5.35) 2013-2014 1 National Route 40
Zhegushan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 8.55 km (5.3 mi)  ?? 2 Wenchuan-Maerkang Expressway
Xueshanliang Tunnel China (Sichuan) 7.957 km (4.944 mi)  ?? 1 Highway S303, Chuanzhusi-Huanglong Highway
Balangshan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 7.945 km (4.937 mi)  ?? 1 Highway S303, Chuanzhusi-Huanglong Highway
Shimenya Tunnel China (Hubei) 7.52 km (4.67 mi) 2012? 2 Yichang-Badong Expressway 2 tubes, 7.524 km + 7.493 km
Višňové Tunnel (sk) Slovakia 7,460 (4.6) 2015? 2 D1 motorway, European route E50
Oppdølstrand Tunnel (no) Norway 7.430 km (4.6 mi) 2014 1 70
Taining Tunnel China (Fujian) 7.039 km (4.374 mi)  ?? 2 Jianning-Taining 2 tubes, 7.039 km + 7.007 km
Tongsheng Tunnel China (Hubei) 6.887 km (4.279 mi)  ?? 2 Shiyan-Fangxian Expressway
Queershan Tunnel China (Sichuan) 6.887 km (4.279 mi)  ?? 2 National Highway # 317 with an elevation of above 4300m
Gaoligongshan Tunnel China (Yunnan) 6.68 km (4.15 mi) 2014 1 Dulongjiang Highway
Donggongshan Tunnel China (Fujian) 6.537 km (4.062 mi) 2012? 2 Ningde-Wuyishan Expressway
Xiakou Tunnel China (Hubei) 6.487 km (4.031 mi) 2012? 2 Yichang-Badong Expressway
Chang Su South Korea 6,430 (4.0)  ??
Blanka Tunnel (cs) Czech Republic 6,382 (3.9) 2014 2 Městský okruh Praha
Omolion-Tunnel 2[23] Greece 6.100 km (3.790 mi) 2012? 2 A1 Motorway, European route E75
Fengshuiguan Tunnel China (Fujian) 6.043 km (3.755 mi) 2012? 2 Ningde-Wuyishan Expressway 2 tubes, 6.043 km + 5.947 km
Jieling Tunnel China (Hubei) 5.681 km (3.530 mi) 2012? 2 Yichang-Badong Expressway
Jieling Tunnel China (Hubei) 5.681 km (3.530 mi) 2012? 2 Yichang-Badong Expressway
Marão Portugal 5.665 km (3.520 mi) 2012? 1 (?)
Jiangjunshi Tunnel China (Sichuan - Gansu) 5.585 km (3.470 mi) 2013 2 Guangyuan-Gansu Expressway
Qiangfengling Tunnel China (Shanxi) 5.57 km (3.46 mi) 2012? 2 Rongcheng-Wuhai Expressway
Huoshaoan Tunnel China (Hubei) 5.5 km (3.4 mi) 2012? 2 Yichang-Badong Expressway
Hundvåg Norway 5.500 km (3.4 mi) 2018 2 13
Knappe Tunnel Norway 5.400 km (3.4 mi) 2015 2 557
Eurasia Tunnel[24] Turkey (İstanbul) 5.4 km (3.4 mi) 2014 1 D.100
Legacy Way Australia (Brisbane) 4.6 km (2.9 mi) 2014 2 Metroad 5 (M5), Brisbane
  1. ^ A subaqueous tunnel

Water tunnels

Name Location Length in km (mi) Year Completed Notes
Delaware Aqueduct New York, United States 137 (85) 1945 Water supply. Drilled through solid rock.
Päijänne Water Tunnel Southern Finland, Finland 120.0 (74.6) 1982 Water supply (16 m2 cross section).
Dahuofang Water Tunnel Liaoning Province, China 85.3 (53.0) 2009 Water supply (8 m in diameter[25])
Orange–Fish River Tunnel South Africa 82.8 (51.4) 1975 Irrigation. (22.5 m2 cross section)
Bolmen Water Tunnel Kronoberg/Scania, Sweden 82.0 (51.0) 1987 Water supply, 8 m2.
Želivka Water Tunnel[26] Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic 51.075 (31.7) 1972 Water supply, 5 m²
Arpa-Sevan Tunnel Armenia
(at that moment USSR)
48.3 km (30.0 mi) 1981 Water supply.
#1 Tunnel, Yellow River Diversion to Shanxi North Line Shanxi, China 43.7 km (27.2 mi) 2011 Water supply.
#7 Tunnel, Yellow River Diversion to Shanxi South Line Shanxi, China 43.5 km (27.0 mi) 2002 Water supply.
Kárahnjúkar Hydroelectric Powerplant Austurland, Iceland 39.7 km (24.7 mi) 2003-2007 Hydroelectric. 7.2-7.6 meters in diameter. Part of a wider complex of tunnels that are 72 kilometers in length combined
Quabbin Aqueduct Massachusetts, United States 39.6 (24.6) 1905 Water supply.
Şanlıurfa Irrigation Tunnels Turkey 26.4 km (16.4 mi) 2005 Irrigation.[27]
Gilgel Gibe II Power Station headrace tunnel Ethiopia 26.0 km (16.2 mi) 2005-2009 Hydroelectric. Tunnel partially collapsed, under repair until October 2010.[28]
Tala Hydroelectricity Project headrace tunnel India 22.0 km (13.7 mi) 2004[29] Hydroelectric. 6.8 meters in diameter.
Vorotan-Arpa Tunnel Armenia 21.7 km (13.5 mi) 2004 Water supply.
Olmos Transandino Project Peru 20 km (12.4 mi) 2011[30] Water supply.
Dangara Irrigation Tunnel[31] Nurek, Tajikistan
(at that moment USSR)
14.8 km (9.2 mi) 1987 Irrigation.

Note: There are buried oil and gas pipelines, up to several thousand kilometers long. See also:

Bicycle and Pedestrian

Name Location Length in m (ft) Trail
Snoqualmie Tunnel King and Kittias Counties, WA, United States 4,000 m (13,123.4 ft) John Wayne Pioneer Trail
St. Paul Pass Tunnel Montana and Idaho, United States 2,736 m (8,976.4 ft) The Route of the Hiawatha
Combe Down Tunnel Bath, England, United Kingdom 1,672 m (5,485.6 ft) Two Tunnels Greenway
Norwalk Tunnel Elroy, Sparta, Wisconsin, United States 1,161.3 m (3,810.0 ft) Elroy-Sparta State Trail
Big Savage Tunnel Somerset County, PA, United States 1,004.2 m (3,294.6 ft) Great Allegheny Passage

See also

References

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