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Tabsur

Tabsur (Khirbat 'Azzun)
Tabsur (Khirbat 'Azzun) is located in Mandatory Palestine
Tabsur (Khirbat 'Azzun)
Tabsur (Khirbat 'Azzun)
Arabic (تبصر(خربة عزون
Also spelled Tabsar, Khirbet 'Azzun
Subdistrict Tulkarm
Coordinates
Population
Area 5,328 dunams
Date of depopulation 3 April 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Secondary cause Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ra'anana[2] and Batzra[2]

Tabsur (Arabic: تبصر‎), also Khirbat 'Azzun (Arabic: خربة عزون‎), was a Palestinian village located 19 kilometres southwest of Tulkarem. In 1931, the village had 231 houses and an elementary school for boys. It was depopulated before the outbreak of 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
    • Bibliography 3.1
  • External links 4

History

Tabsur was established prior to the middle of the nineteenth-century on an archaeological site.[4] The village contained archaeological remains, including the foundations of a building, a well, fragments of mosaic pavement, and tombs.[2]

In the late nineteenth century, Tabsur was described as a moderate-sized hamlet with a well to the north.[5] It was later classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer.[4]

During the British Mandate an elementary school for boys was established in the village. The village also had a few shops. In 1944/45 a total of 1,602 dunums was allocated to cereals, while 24 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[2]

The Arabs of Tabsur were ordered to leave by the Haganah on 3 April 1948 as part of its policy of evacuating Arab villages on the coastal plain.[6] The villagers left on 16 April 1948.[6]

Ra'anana was established south of Tabsur in 1921. Now a city, some of its suburbs have expanded into land that once belonged to the village. Batzra, founded in 1946 on village land, lies to the north.[2]

In 1992, the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi wrote: "The village has been completely covered with Israeli citrus orchards, making it difficult to distinguish from the surrounding lands. Citrus and cypress trees grow on the village land."[2]

The estimated number of Palestinian refugees from Tabsur in 1998 was 2,406.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xviii village #192. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ a b c d e f Khalidi, 1992, p. 562
  3. ^ a b "Welcome to Tabsur". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  4. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 561
  5. ^ Conder, Claude Reignier and H.H. Kitchener: The Survey of Western Palestine. London:Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1881, II, p.135. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 561
  6. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p.245

Bibliography

External links

  • Welcome To Tabsur
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