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List of cookies

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Title: List of cookies  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Lists of prepared foods, Food, List of twice-baked foods, List of pies, tarts and flans, List of breads
Collection: Biscuits (British Style), Cookies, Dessert-Related Lists, Lists of Foods, World Cuisine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of cookies

This is a list of cookies (American English), also called biscuits (British English). Cookies are typically made with flour, egg, sugar, and some type of shortening such as butter or cooking oil, baked into a small, flat shape.

Cookies and biscuits

Name Image Origin Description
Aachener Printen Germany (Aachen) Aachener Printen are a type of Lebkuchen. The term is a protected designation of origin and so all manufacturers can be found in or near Aachen. Printen are made from a variety of ingredients including cinnamon, aniseed, clove, cardamom, coriander, allspice and also ginger.
Abernethy United Kingdom (Scotland) Invented by Scottish doctor John Abernethy in the 18th century as a digestive improver. An adaptation of the plain captain’s biscuit or hardtack, with the added ingredients of sugar (for energy), and caraway seeds.
Acıbadem kurabiyesi Turkey Traditional Turkish biscuit ("kurabiye") made of almonds, sugar and egg whites.
Afghan biscuits New Zealand Traditional New Zealand biscuit and is made from cocoa powder, butter, flour and cornflakes. It is then topped with chocolate icing and half a walnut. The origin of both the recipe and name are unknown, but the recipe has appeared in many editions of cookbooks sold in New Zealand.
Alfajor Spain Basic form consists of two round sweet biscuits joined together with dulce de leche or jam and covered with powdered sugar. In most alfajores there are two layers of cake, and a filling in between.
Almond biscuit
Almond cake, almond cookie
Macau Small biscuits with no filling by default, with a crunchy texture, but sometimes crumbling on first bite. When they are sold in different countries, they are usually imported from Macau, where it is one of the most popular specialty products.
Amaretti di Saronno Italy (Saronno) Italian biscuit similar to macaroons
Animal cracker United States (New York City) Small cracker or cookie baked in a shape of an animal, especially a lion, tiger, bear, or elephant.
ANZAC biscuit Australia
New Zealand
ANZAC Biscuits are a sweet biscuit made using rolled oats, flour, coconut, sugar, butter, golden syrup, bicarbonate of soda and boiling water. The biscuits appear to be a variation of Scottish oatcakes. Named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
Apas Philippines Apas are oblong-shaped biscuits that are topped with sugar. Apas is a Tagalog term for wafer. They are a popular part of Filipino cuisine.
Apple cider cookie A cookie that is prepared and flavored with apple cider.
Ballokume Albania (Elbasan) Traditional Albanian dessert made of cornflour,butter and vanilla. This dessert is eaten on Spring Day (14 March).
Basler Läckerli
Leckerli, Läggerli
Switzerland (Basel) Swiss traditional hard spice biscuit made of honey, almonds, candied peel, and Kirsch. The dough is cut into rectangles while it is still hot and a sugar glaze is then added on top.
Bath Oliver United Kingdom (Bath, England) Hard dry biscuit made from flour, butter, yeast and milk and often eaten with cheese. It was invented by Dr William Oliver of Bath, around the year of 1750.
Berger Cookie Germany Buttery vanilla wafer topped with thick creamy fudge. The recipe is derived from Germany and are an iconic cultural icon of Baltimore. The recipe was first brought to the US from Germany by George and Henry Berger in 1835.
Berner Haselnusslebkuchen Switzerland (Bern) Traditional Christmas cake from Berne in Switzerland, made from ground hazelnuts. It is sometimes confused with another Bernese speciality, Berner Honiglebkuchen, due to its similar appearance.
Berner Honiglebkuchen Switzerland (Bern) Traditional Christmas cookies made with honey. It is distinguished from Berner Haselnusslebkuchen as it often has more elaborate sugar decorations.
Biscotti Italy In North America, the term refers to a specific type of biscuits, derived from Tuscan cantucci, a type of hard almond-flavored biscuits traditionally served with vin santo.
Biscuit Unknown In the US: small soft leavened bread
In the British Commonwealth: a small and hard, often sweet, baked product with different types of decorations, flavors and toppings.
Biscuit roll
egg roll (鸡蛋卷), love letters, kueh belandah, crispy biscuit roll, crisp biscuit roll or cookie roll
Unknown Biscuit snack commonly found in Asia. It is crunchy and can be easily broken into pieces. Made of wheat flour, butter, egg, sugar and vanilla flavor. The traditional Chinese characters (蛋卷) are same for "egg roll".
United States (New Mexico) Crispy butter cookie flavored with anise and cinnamon. It is served during special celebrations, such as wedding receptions, baptisms, and religious holidays. It is usually eaten with morning coffee or milk.
Black and white cookie
Half-Moon cookie
United States (Utica, New York) The black and white cookie is a soft, sponge cake-like shortbread which is iced on one half with vanilla fondant, and on the other half by dark chocolate fondant.
boorsoq, or bawyrsak
Central Asia Made by deep-frying small pieces of a flattened dough. Often eaten as a dessert, with sugar, butter, or honey. Mongolians sometimes dip boortsog in tea.
Bourbon biscuit
Bourbon cream or Bourbon
United Kingdom (London, England) Sandwich biscuit consisting of two thin oblong dark chocolate biscuits with a chocolate fondant filling. The biscuit was introduced in 1910, originally under the name "Creola" by the Bermondsey biscuit company in London.
Bredele, Bredle or Winachtsbredele
France (Alsace) Many varieties can include anisbredela (cake with egg white and aniseed) butterbredle, schwowebredle (orange and cinnamon), spritzbredle, small pain d'épices and spice cakes that are made with sugar rather than honey.
Butter cookie Unknown Unleavened cookies consisting of butter, flour and sugar. They are often categorized as a "crisp cookie" due to their texture, which is a result of specific quantities of flour and sugar being used. They are often flavored with vanilla, chocolate and coconut.
Butter pecan United States Cookie made with roasted pecans, butter, and vanilla flavor
Caramel shortbread
Millionaire's Shortbread
United Kingdom (Scotland) Rectangular shortbread based biscuit that consists of layers of caramel and chocolate. It is commonly known as caramel shortcake, caramel squares, caramel slice, or millionaires' shortbread.
Carrot cake cookie Prepared with ingredients that provide a flavor and texture similar to carrot cake
Cat's tongue cookie
(langues de chat)
Europe A sweet and crunchy cookie prepared in the shape of a cat's tongue.
Cavallucci Italy Chewy anise biscuits that contains almonds, candied fruits, coriander, flour and uses Tuscan millefiori honey. The versions of these cookies sold today are a similar version of a pastry which were originally served to servants who worked in the stables of rich Italian aristocrats.
Charcoal biscuit United Kingdom (England) Biscuit based on a powdered willow charcoal or activated carbon mixed with ordinary flour, and made into dough with butter, sugar and eggs. They were originally made to cure stomach trouble and are nowadays enjoyed with cheeses.
Chocolate biscuit Unknown One of several types of biscuit not containing chocolate, such as a Digestive biscuit or Shortbread, coated with chocolate on one side or sometimes entirely encased in chocolate. They can be round, rectangular or finger-shaped. These differ from biscuits such as the Bourbon biscuit and the Chocolate chip cookie which contain chocolate in the biscuit itself.
Chocolate chip cookie United States (Whitman, Massachusetts) A drop cookie which features chocolate chips as its distinguishing ingredient, also containing flour, shortening, eggs, and sugar. Variations include recipes with other types of chocolate or additional ingredients, such as nuts or oatmeal.
Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats
Chocolate Teacake
Denmark (disputed) Tunnock's teacake is made with a shortbread base topped with marshmallow and coated in chocolate. There are regional variations.
Christmas cookies Unknown Sugar biscuits and cookies from various types of doughs. They all have in common that they are shaped and decorated in a way that has something to do with Christmas and its traditions. See also Gingerbread, Pfeffernüsse, Springerle and sugar cookies.
Coconut macaroon Europe Cookies that consist of a paste of egg whites with coconut that is placed on a wafer and then baked. Its main ingredients are egg whites, sugar and shredded dried coconut. It is closer to a soft cookie than its meringue cousin, and is equally as sweet.
Cornish fairings United Kingdom (Cornwall) Soft, chewy biscuits flavored with ginger
Coyotas Mexico Large flat cookies usually made with brown sugar.
Cream cracker Ireland a flat, usually square savoury biscuit often eaten with cheese
Custard cream United Kingdom Vanilla fondant sandwiched between two plain biscuits.
Digestive biscuit United Kingdom Semi-sweet biscuit that typically contains coarse brown wheat flour (which gives it its distinctive texture and flavor), sugar, malt extract, vegetable oil, wholemeal, raising agents and salt. Usually consumed for tea. Sometimes sold under the name Hovis biscuit.
Empire biscuit United Kingdom Typical Empire Biscuit has a layer of jam in between two biscuits. The top is covered with white water icing, usually decorated with a glace cherry in the centre.
Fig roll Egypt, ancient A biscuit filled with fig paste that dates back to ancient Egypt. Also known by their trademarked name in the US as "Fig Newtons"
Florentine Biscuit Italy (Florence) Chocolate base topped with candied fruit and nuts.
Fortune cookie United States Folded sheet sweet cookie with a "fortune" (an aphorism or a vague prophecy) written on a paper slip inside.
Fudge cookie A cookie prepared with fudge or that has the flavor, consistency or texture of fudge.
Garibaldi biscuit United Kingdom Currants sandwiched between two oblong biscuits
Ghorabiye Iran Made of almond flour, sugar, egg white, vanilla, margarine and pistachio.
Gingerbread Europe Commonly a soft dough cookie that is made with potassium carbonate and/or baker's ammonia instead of yeast, flavored with ginger and other ingredients such as nuts and succade.
Gingerbread man Europe Made of gingerbread and shaped like flat male figures.
Ginger biscuits Unknown Hard twice-baked biscuits that are flavored with powdered ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg, and other spices, but predominantly ginger. They are also known as Gingersnaps, Ginger thins or "Ginger Nuts" (a term popular for them in the United Kingdom). They may be rectangular or disc-shaped in shape (when they are called "ginger nuts", they are normally circular in shape).
Hamantash Jewish (Ashkenazi) Triangular cookie featured in holiday of Purim. Shape is associated with Haman, a biblical villain, and his ears or hat. Fruit, cheese, poppyseed or other sweets are used as a filling.
Jammie Dodgers United Kingdom Jam sandwiched between two biscuits, with a heart in the middle.
Jodenkoek Netherlands Large, flat, round shortbread cookies.
Jumble Azerbaijan Cookie-like pastries whose simple recipe comprises nuts, flour, eggs, and sugar, with vanilla, anise, or caraway seed used for flavoring.
Khapse Tibet Simple cookies made of flour, butter, eggs and sugar that come in various shapes with various decorations.
Kichel Israel Jewish and Israeli sweet cracker or cookie commonly made with egg and sugar rolled out flat and cut into large diamond shapes. They are typically eaten with a savory dip or topping.
Kleicha Iraq National cookie of Iraq that contains a filling of dried fruit (usually dates) and is flavored with cardamom and sometimes rose water.
Koulourakia Greece Butter-based pastry that is traditionally hand-shaped in a ring form, glazed with egg and sprinkled with sesame. It is usually made at Easter to be eaten after Holy Saturday.
Kourabiedes Greece Butter cookies (biscuits) that resemble light and airy shortbread, but are typically made with the addition of almonds. They may be flavored with vanilla, rose water, or liquors such as metaxa.
Krumiri Italy Made without water from wheat flour, sugar, butter, eggs and vanilla, in the form of a slightly bent, rough-surfaced cylinder.
Krumkake Norway Cookie batter is cooked on a special iron
Lady Finger (cookie) Europe Light, sweet sponge cakes that are shaped like fingers and are commonly used to prepare desserts such as tiramisu, trifle and charlotte.
Lebkuchen Germany Gingerbread with many regional varieties and specialities.
Lincoln biscuit United Kingdom Short dough biscuit and a kind of shortcake biscuits. It has a pattern of dots on the top in concentric circles and was brought to America by British expats.
Linzer torte Austria Jam-covered flat cookie built upon a nutty cinnamon dough and typically covered with a raspberry preserve. Often decorated with a dough lattice and glazed with egg white.
Macaroon Europe Consists of a paste of egg whites with other ingredients such as almond, hazelnut and/or coconut that is placed on a wafer and then baked.
Macaron France Not to be confused with macaroons, these colorful, sweet, meringue-based sandwich cookies are often filled with ganache, buttercream or jam.
Maple leaf cream cookies Canada Sandwich cookie with a maple-flavored cream filling.
Marie biscuit United Kingdom Rich cookie made with wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil and vanilla flavoring. It is usually eaten for tea and dunked in tea or coffee.
Moravian spice cookies United States Very thin cookie that contains various spices and molasses.
Nanaimo bar Canada Popular candy bar that consists of a wafer crumb-based layer, topped by a layer of light vanilla or custard flavored butter icing, which is covered in chocolate made from melted chocolate squares.
Nice biscuit United Kingdom Coconut flavored, this is otherwise a plain biscuit which does not contain cream or jam.
Oat crisps Unknown Made from oat, sugar and butter and sometimes flour with additional flavoring such as ginger and syrup.
Oatmeal raisin Unknown
Oreo United States Brand-name. Consists of two chocolate-flavored round biscuits with a white creme filling in between them.
Panellets Spain Small cakes or cookies in different shapes, mostly round, made mainly of marzipan (almond paste). They are often decorated with pine nuts and varnished in egg white.
Paprenjak Croatia Typical Croatian cookie that is known for containing pepper beside sugar syrup or honey, butter, various nuts and other spices.
Party ring United Kingdom Commercial circular cookie with a central hole that comes in various colour combinations. Each biscuit is topped with a layer of hard icing with "wiggly" lines in a different colour.
Peanut butter cookie United States Features peanut butter as a main ingredient.
Pfeffernüsse Netherlands Baked traditionally during Sinterklaas, a feast on December 5th
Pignolo (macaroon) Italy (Sicily) Moist, soft and chewy cookie that is of a light golden color, made from almond paste and studded with golden pine nuts (also called pignoli). (At the left in the picture.)
Piñata cookie Multicolored hollow cookies that are filled with various candies.
Piparkukes Latvia Thin, dry gingerbread biscuits traditionally eaten at Christmas.
Polvorón Spain Very soft shortbread. Crumbles at the first bite
Pizzelle Italy Waffle or wafer cookies made from flour, eggs, sugar, butter or vegetable oil, and flavoring (often vanilla, anise, or lemon zest) that can be hard and crisp or soft and chewy depending on the ingredients and method of preparation.
Rainbow cookie United States Small cake with layers of almond-based sponge cake in different colours, apricot and/or raspberry jam, and a chocolate coating. A variation resembles the Italian flag and is called Italian Flag Cookie.
Reshteh Khoshkar Iran Made of rice, flour, sugar, walnut, cardamom, cinnamon, ginger and spice that is slowly fried in hot oil or fat.
Ricciarelli Italy (Siena) Flavored with ground almonds and topped with icing sugar.
Rich tea United Kingdom Sweet biscuit whose ingredients generally include wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil, and malt extract. Due to its consistency it is ideal for being dunked into coffee or tea and is therefore usually consumed with tea (see Dunking (biscuit).
Rosette Scandinavia Thin, deep-fried wafers
Russian tea cake Russia Jumble-like pastry that generally consists entirely of ground nuts, flour and water or, more commonly, butter. After baking, it is coated in powdered sugar while still hot, then again once the cookie has cooled.
Shortbread United Kingdom (Scotland) Very rich unleavened biscuit that is made from one part white sugar, two parts butter, and three parts oatmeal flour. It is available in different shapes and flavors (e.g. lemon flavor).
Snickerdoodle United States (New England) Sugar cookie made with butter or oil, sugar, and flour rolled in cinnamon sugar. Most distinctive feature is the cracked surface that can be crisp or soft depending on preparation.
Speculaas Netherlands
Very flat Christmas shortcrust biscuit that contains typical Christmas spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, white pepper, cardamom, ginger and cloves.
Springerle Germany Very hard anise cookie made from eggs, flour and sugar with an embossed design that is impressed before baking. It is a typical treat for Christmas.
Spritzgebäck Germany Christmas cookies that constist of a shortcrust pastry that is squirted onto the baking sheet in various shapes and then baked. The finished product is very fragile, crisp, dry and buttery and is sometimes partly coated with chocolate.
Stroopwafel Netherlands Waffle cookie made from two thin layers of baked batter with a caramel-like syrup filling in the middle.
Sugar cookie Europe Very simple cookie made from sugar, flour, butter, eggs, vanilla, and either baking powder or baking soda. They are often glazed with icing and decorated with chocolate or sprinkles and may be themed according to season (e.g. Halloween cookies or Christmas cookies).
Tareco Brazil Little tough disk-shaped biscuit that is made of wheat flour, eggs, and sugar.
Teiglach Lithuania Small, knotted Jewish pastries boiled in a honeyed syrup and often filled with nuts or raisins and topped with shredded coconut.
Tirggel Switzerland Very thin, hard and sweet Christmas biscuits that are made from flour and honey
Toll House Cookie United States (Massachusetts) Chocolate chip cookie from the manufacturer Toll House Inn
Toruń gingerbread Poland Polish gingerbread that can be filled and is often glazed with chocolate or icing depending on variety
Vanillekipferl Austria Small, crescent shaped biscuits that are made from a pastry that contains hazelnut and/or almonds and vanilla sugar and are rolled in vanilla sugar after baking
Wafer Unknown Crisp, often sweet, very thin, flat, and dry biscuit, often used to decorate ice cream. Wafers can be made into cookies with cream flavoring sandwiched between them. Also used in religious celebrations, such as Western Rite celebrations of the Eucharist.
Wibele Germany Very small, sweet and dry biscuits whose dough is made from egg white, icing sugar, flour, and vanilla sugar

See also


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