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Title: Kadınefendi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Emine Nazikedâ Kadınefendi, List of consorts of the Ottoman sultans, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman titles, Social structure of the Ottoman Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Kadınefendi (also Kadın efendi, Kadın Efendi) was the title given to the official wives of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.[1][2][3] The Sultan could have up to four and some times five and eight women[4] i.e. wives with the royal rank of Kadınefendi and unlimited number of Ikbal and Gözdes i.e. wives with the rank of Hanımefendi. The title was a replacement of the early titles, Hatun and Haseki Sultan.[5]

Ranks and styles

The women were ranked and styled as:

  • Başkadın, Başkadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Başkadınefendi Hazretleri — senior or first wife;
  • İkinci Kadın, İkinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) İkinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — second wife;
  • Üçüncü Kadın, Üçüncü Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Üçüncü Kadınefendi Hazretleri — third wife;
  • Dördüncü Kadın, Dördüncü Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Dördüncü Kadınefendi Hazretleri — fourth wife;
  • Beşinci Kadın, Beşinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Beşinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — fifth wife;
  • Altıncı Kadın, Altıncı Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Altıncı Kadınefendi Hazretleri — sixth wife;
  • Yedinci Kadın, Yedinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Yedinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — seventh wife;
  • Sekizinci Kadın, Sekizinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Sekizinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — eighth wife.[6][7]


  1. ^ Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924, by Harun Açba
  2. ^ Öztuna, Yilmaz, "Deletler ve Hanedanler", Vol: 2, Ministry of Culture Publications, London (1996), s.924
  3. ^ Saray hatıralarım, by Safiye Ünüvar
  4. ^ Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group.  
  5. ^ Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924
  6. ^ The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010.  
  7. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". Retrieved 27 July 2014. 

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