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October 2012 Yisraela Goldblum Fund poll

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October 2012 Yisraela Goldblum Fund poll

In mid-September 2012 a poll surveying Israeli attitudes was commissioned by the Yisraela Goldblum Fund and conducted on the eve of Rosh Hashanah by the polling agency Dialog, The results were first presented to the public by Haaretz journalist Gideon Levy on October 23, 2012, under the headline:'Survey: Most Israeli Jews would support apartheid regime in Israel.' In the wake of a controversy, Haaretz emended this to 'Survey: Most Israeli Jews wouldn't give Palestinians vote if West Bank was annexed', stating that the original headline 'did not accurately reflect the findings of the Dialog poll'.[1] According to Haaretz, in the poll, 58% of respondents said Israel practiced apartheid against the Palestinians,[2] and a third said Israeli Arabs should be denied the vote in Israel.[3] Both the poll and Haaretz's presentation of its results have been challenged.

Contents

  • Polling agency 1
  • Gideon Levy's presentation 2
  • Responses 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Polling agency

Dialog is run by Prof. Camil Fuchs, Breaking the Silence, Sheikh Jarrah Solidarity Movement.[8][9]

The questionnaire consisted of 17 questions put to a sampling group of 503 interviewees, differentiated in terms of secular, traditional, religious, ultra-Orthodox and Russian.[1][10] The margin of error was 4.3[11] Though originally reported as connected to the poll, the New Israel Fund quickly dissociated itself from the survey.[12]

The poll results were first published in Haaretz by Gideon Levy, initially with the following headline:’ Survey: Most Israeli Jews would support apartheid regime in Israel.’ Levy’s presentation stirred headlines round the world,[13] and was repeated [14] or taken up rapidly by several newspapers that same day, including The Independent,[15] Sydney Morning Herald[16] the Daily Telegraph,[17] and the Christian Science Monitor.[18] AFP excluded the word ‘apartheid’ and headlined its report ‘Israelis approve discrimination if West Bank is annexed’.[19] The following day, the Huffington Post.[20] the government-funded Russian news service, RT,[21] and The Guardian reported on Haaretz's poll, the latter placing the word ‘apartheid’ in inverted commas.[22]

Within several hours of the Haaretz article, HonestReporting published a detailed critique of Levy’s presentation of the poll evidence.[23] which, as the controversy developed, Haaretz published a correction to five days later, changing the headline to ‘Survey: Most Israeli Jews wouldn't give Palestinians vote if West Bank was annexed,’ [24]

Gideon Levy's presentation

Levy made the following points:-

  • (1) A 59% majority of the Jewish public wants preference for Jews over Arabs in government ministries.
  • (2) 49%, almost half, desire better treatment by the state for its Jewish, as opposed to its Arab, citizens
  • (3) 42% preferred not to live in the same building with Arabs.
  • (4) 42% preferred not to have their children share school classes with Arab children
  • (5) A third of the Jewish public wants a law that would block Israeli Arabs from voting for the Knesset (the Israeli parliament).
  • (6) 69% objects, in the event Israel were to annex the West Bank, to giving Palestinians (2.5 million ), to allowing them a right to vote.
  • (7) 74% favours a separate road system on the West Bank for Israelis and Palestinians.
  • (8) 24% regard separate roads as "a good situation" and 50% consider them "a necessary situation.”
  • (9) 47% percent want part of Israel's Arab population transferred to the Palestinian National Authority.
  • (10) 36% support the transference of some Israeli Arab villages to the PA, in exchange for keeping some of the West Bank settlements.
  • (11) 58% believes Israel practices apartheid against Arabs, though the Palestinian territories|the territories have yet to be annexed.
  • (12) 31% think this kind of system is not in force in Israel-
  • (13) 38% of the Jewish public wants, and 48% object to, the annexation of such territories with settlements on them.

Analysing the results in terms of confessional groups, Levy gave the following confessional breakdown of the poll results:-

Ultra Orthodox Israelis:-

  • (14) 70% of the ultra-Orthodox support legally barring Israeli Arabs from voting.
  • (15) 82% percent support preferential treatment by the state for Jews.
  • (16) 95% favour workplace discrimination against Arabs.

Religious Israelis:-

  • (17) Are, after the ultra-orthodox, the second most anti-Arab group.

Secular Israelis:-

  • (18) 68% of secular Israelis would not object to Arab neighbours, 73% percent would not object to Arab students in their children's classes. 50% think there should be no discrimination against Arabs in admissions to a workplace. Russian immigrants are less radical, and closer to secular Israelis in outlook.

In a companion op-ed, Levy wrote he expected that the New Israel Fund, which has links to the Yisraeli Goldblum foundation, would be attacked for commissioning the survey. Levy noted that the results stated what was Israelis already knew.[25]

Responses

That afternoon HonestReporting gave a detailed critique of what it called Levy’s skewing of the poll data.[26] On October 23, the Times of Israel also reported on problems with the poll.[27]

Haaretz reported that the survey conductors said that perhaps the term "apartheid" was not clear enough to some interviewees.[1] Later in a press release Amiram Goldblum, who commissioned the poll stood by Haaretz’s version, stating that “A large part of the Jewish population (58%) accepts the application of the term ‘apartheid’ to the current state of affairs in Israel.” Goldblum also acknowledged there were problems with the questions and methodology used.[28]

Meretz leader Zahava Gal-On said that “It is not surprising that following four years of Netanyahu’s government, most Israeli citizens support apartheid”, and Jamal Zahalka, leader of Balad, said that Israel belonged to "the same family" as South Africa's apartheid regime.[9]

The conductors of the survey and critics of the poll suggested it was unclear what respondents understood with "apartheid", and that since a plurality of respondents opposed annexing the West Bank, it shouldn't be concluded that most Israelis support apartheid. Some critics said a question in the poll on apartheid was complex and problematically formulated.[9]

Maurice Ostroff, a past chairman of the Israel South Africa Chamber of Commerce and a pro-Israel commentator, said that the results of the poll reveals that a vast majority of Israelis are not racists, and that the level of racism in Israel is lower than in most Western countries and in the Arab world. He cited an Amnesty International study titled “Choice and prejudice – discrimination against Muslims in Europe”, which found that public opinion in several European countries reflects Islamophobic views combined with racist attitudes. Another poll, he wrote, found that three-quarters of Qataris would object to a non-Muslim neighbor.[29]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Gideon Levy , 'Survey: Most Israeli Jews would support apartheid regime in Israel,’ at Haaretz, 23 October 2012
  2. ^ Israeli poll finds majority would be in favour of 'apartheid' policies (The Guardian, October 23, 2012)
  3. ^ The new Israeli apartheid: Poll reveals widespread Jewish support for policy of discrimination against Arab minority (The Independent, October 23, 2012)
  4. ^ ‘Camil Fuchs,’ at Haaretz, 5 September 2006.
  5. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2001/4/Dr%2520Alon%2520Liel
  6. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/veteran-diplomat-s-rebuke-of-netanyahu-lieberman-strikes-chord-with-colleagues-1.346790
  7. ^ a b New Israel Fund International Council
  8. ^ Democracy in Recession: On accountability and ‘price tag’ politics in Israel
  9. ^ a b c Elhanan Miller, 'Haaretz changes tack on major story that alleged widespread ‘apartheid’ attitudes in Israel,' at The Times of Israel, October 30, 2012.
  10. ^ Geoffrey Alderman, ‘Facts behind a skewed survey,’ at Jewish Chronicle. November 2, 2012
  11. ^ Elhanan Miller, 'Haaretz changes tack on major story that alleged widespread ‘apartheid’ attitudes in Israel,' at The Times of Israel, October 30, 2012,
  12. ^ Shany Mor, ‘Apartheid’ poll: Errors that traveled round the world,’ at Haaretz, 29 October 2012: ‘The New Israel Fund, beleaguered target of a recent right-wing witch-hunt, has distanced itself from the survey, with which it was erroneously credited with commissioning.’
  13. ^ Shany Mor,‘Apartheid’ poll: Errors that traveled round the world,’ at Haaretz, 29 October 2012
  14. ^ Gideon Levy, 'Israelis Support Anti-Arab Discrimination: Poll. Most Favor Apartheid-Style Rules Favoring Jews,' at The Forward, 23 October 2012.
  15. ^ Catrina Stewart, 'The new Israeli apartheid: Poll reveals widespread Jewish support for policy of discrimination against Arab minority,' at The Independent, 23 October 2012
  16. ^ Ruth Pollard, [ 'Israelis back discrimination against Arabs: poll,’ ] at Sydney Morning Herald, 24 October 2012
  17. ^ Adrian Blomfield, 'Israelis favour discrimination against Arabs - poll,' at Daily Telegraph, 23 October 2012
  18. ^ Christa Case Bryant, Momentum builds for Gaza to secede, Israel and West Bank to become one,' at Christian Science Monitor, 24 October 2012.
  19. ^ AFP, Israelis approve discrimination if West Bank annexed: poll,’ at AFP, 23 October 2012.
  20. ^ 'Israeli Jews Believe The Country Already Practices Apartheid Against Its Arabs, Survey Shows,' at the Huffington Post, 24 October 2012
  21. ^ ‘Israel an apartheid state? A majority of Jews say yes,’ at RT, 24 October 2012
  22. ^ Guardian Reporter, Poll shows majority Israelis falour “apartheid” policies,’ at The Guardian, 24 October 2012.
  23. ^ Simon Plosker, ‘Ha’aretz Creates Non-Existent Apartheid State,’ at HonestReporting, pp.1-2, 23 October 2012. p.2.
  24. ^ Gideon Levy, Most Israeli Jews wouldn't give Palestinians vote if West Bank was annexed,’ at Haaretz, 23 October 2012: CLARIFICATION: The original headline for this piece, 'Most Israelis support an apartheid regime in Israel,' did not accurately reflect the findings of the Dialog poll. The question to which most respondents answered in the negative did not relate to the current situation, but to a hypothetical situation in the future: 'If Israel annexes territories in Judea and Samaria, should 2.5 million Palestinians be given the right to vote for the Knesset?' .’
  25. ^ Gideon Levy ‘Apartheid without shame or guilt,’ at Haaretz, 23 October 2012.
  26. ^ Simon Plosker, ‘Ha’aretz Creates Non-Existent Apartheid State,’ at HonestReporting, pp.1-2, 23 October 2012.
  27. ^ Fisher, Gabe (23 October 2012). "Controversial survey ostensibly highlights widespread anti-Arab attitudes in Israel". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  28. ^ 'Haaretz changes tack on major story that alleged widespread ‘apartheid’ attitudes in Israel,' at The Times of Israel, October 30, 2012. Miller adds: “It is, however, not clear what these respondents understand by the term as this question did not require clarification”.'
  29. ^ The flip side of the Israel apartheid poll. Maurice Ostroff. The Times of Israel. Nov 13, 2012

References

  • AFP, Israelis approve discrimination if West Bank annexed: poll, Agence France-Presse, 23 October 2012 (same day, apartheid not used in text)
  • Blomfield,Adrian 'Israelis favour discrimination against Arabs - poll,' at Telegraph. 23 October 2012
  • Bryant,Christa Case Momentum builds for Gaza to secede, Israel and West Bank to become one,' at Christian Science Monitor, 24 October 2012-10-29
  • Fisher,Gabe 'Controversial survey ostensibly highlights widespread anti-Arab attitudes in Israel,' at The Times of Israel, 23 October 2012
  • Frazer, Jenni 'Shock findings of ‘apartheid’ poll questioned,' at Jewish Chronicle, October 25, 2012
  • Lapide,Joshua Most Israeli Jews for apartheid regime in Israel,' at AsiaNews, 24 October 2012
  • Levy, Gideon 'Meet the israelis,' at Haaretz, 25 October 2012. (op-ed)
  • Khoury, Jack and Lis, Jonathan Arab MKs: Israeli Jews' support of apartheid is not surprising,' at Haaretz, 24 October 2012.
  • Koring, Paul ‘Many Israelis Jews support apartheid style state, poll suggests,’ at Globe and Mail, October 24, 2012
  • Koring, Paul paper clarifies controversial poll story, The Globe and Mail, 2 November 2012
  • Lennard, Natasha 'A majority of Israeli Jews support apartheid regime, survey finds,' at Salon.com, 23 October 2012
  • Meir,Yehuda Ben 'Most of us don't want apartheid,', at Haaretz, 28 October 2012 (op-ed)
  • Miller, Elhanan 'Haaretz changes tack on major story that alleged widespread ‘apartheid’ attitudes in Israel,', at The Times of Israel, October 30, 2012.
  • Mor, Shany 'BICOM Expert View: The Apartheid Smear, by Shany Mor,' at Bicom, 29 October 2012
  • Mor, Shany '‘Apartheid’ poll: Errors that traveled round the world,' at Haaretz, 29 October 2012
  • Pogrund, Benjamin 'Israel has moved to the right, but it is not an apartheid state,' at The Guardian, 26 October 2012 ( The original headline of this article, "Israel is hostile towards Arabs, but it is not an apartheid state", was changed at 17:46 on 26 October 2012 at the request of the author) (op-ed)
  • Pollard, Ruth 'Israelis back discrimination against Arabs: poll, at Sydney Morning Herald, 24 October 2012
  • Prusher, Ilene 'Politics: Breaking stereotypes', at Jerusalem Post, 25 October 2012
  • Ryvchin, Alex 'Shonky poll serves to demonise Israelis as pro-apartheid ,' at The Australian, 1 November 2012
  • Sheinman, Anna 'Apartheid' pollsters reject Bicom criticism,' at Jewish Chronicle, 1 November 2012
  • Smith,Jeffrey L. 'Two State Solution,' Calgary Herald, November 1, 2012
  • Steinberg,Gerald M. apartheid pseudo-poll,' at Israel Hayom November 1, 2012 (op-ed)
  • Stewart,Catrina 'The new Israeli apartheid: Poll reveals widespread Jewish support for policy of discrimination against Arab minority,' at The Independent, 23 October 2012
  • Original Poll at scribd
  • 'Israeli poll finds majority would be in favour of 'apartheid' policies: Clarification,', at The Guardian, 30 October 2012 •
  • 'Poll shows majority Israelis favour 'apartheid' policies,' in The Guardian, 24 October 2012
  • 'Israelis debate significance of apartheid survey,' at Deutsche Welle, I November 2012
  • 'Israeli Jews Believe The Country Already Practices Apartheid Against Its Arabs, Survey Shows,', at Huffington Post, 24 October 2012
  • 'Israeli Jews support apartheid in Israel,' at Jewish Chronicle, 23 October 2012

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