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Adelaide of Austria

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Title: Adelaide of Austria  
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Subject: Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Umberto I of Italy, Maria Letizia Bonaparte, Duchess of Aosta, Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg, Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
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Adelaide of Austria

Adelaide of Austria
Portrait by Benoit Hermogaste Molin
Queen consort of Sardinia
Tenure 23 March 1849 – 20 January 1855
Born (1822-06-03)3 June 1822
Royal Palace of Milan, Milan
Died 20 January 1855(1855-01-20) (aged 32)
Royal Palace of Turin, Turin
Burial Basilica of Superga, Turin
Spouse Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia
Issue
among others...
Maria Clotilde, Princess Napoléon
Umberto I, King of Italy
Amadeo I, King of Spain
Oddone, Duke of Montferrat
Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal
Full name
Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde
House House of Savoy
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria
Mother Princess Elisabeth of Savoy
Religion Roman Catholicism

Adelaide of Austria (Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde;[1] 3 June 1822 – 20 January 1855) was the first wife of Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, future King of Italy. She was the mother of some eight children including the future Umberto I of Italy. She was the Queen of Sardinia from 1849 until 1855 when she died as a result of childbirth.[1]

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Archduchess of Austria 1.1
    • Duchess of Savoy 1.2
    • Queen of Sardinia 1.3
  • Issue 2
  • Ancestry 3
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 4
    • Titles and styles 4.1
    • Honours 4.2
  • References 5
  • External links 6
  • See also 7

Biography

Archduchess of Austria

Archduchess Adelaide as queen-consort

She was born at the morganatic marriages.

Duchess of Savoy

On 12 April 1842, at the Palazzina di caccia di Stupinigi, she married Victor Emmanuel of Savoy.[1] The marriage was used to cement relations between the House of Savoy and that of the House of Habsburg but was viewed by many people of the time to increase Austrian power in Italy.[3]

Victor Emmanuel was her first cousin and heir apparent to the King of Sardinia. He was styled the "Duke of Savoy" prior to succession. Adelaide thus took on the style of "Duchess of Savoy". She maintained her style of Imperial & Royal Highness till she became Queen.

Her husband's mother Maria Theresa of Austria retained great influence over her son throughout his life.[1] Her mother-in-law was also her first cousin, both she and Adelaide being grandchildren of Emperor Leopold II. Adelaide and her husband of thirteen years had eight children. Four of these went on to have further progeny. Her husband had various extramarital affairs throughout the marriage.[4] Adelaide was a quiet and pious woman and had had a strict upbringing. She was a loving wife and frequently would give to charity.[5]

Queen of Sardinia

In March 1849 her father-in-law

Adelaide of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 3 June 1822 Died: 20January 1855
Italian royalty
Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen consort of Sardinia
23 March 1849 – 20 January 1855
Kingdom of Italy established
Kingdom of Sardinia dissolved

See also

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ a b c d van de Pas, Leo. "Adelaide of Austria". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  2. ^ a b Urban. Sylvanius: The Gentleman's Magazine, 1855, p 303
  3. ^ Georgina Sarah. Godkin:Life of Victor Emmanuel II, First king of Italy, Volume I, 1879, p 44
  4. ^ Forester. C.S: Victor Emmanuel II: And the Union of Italy, Simon Publications LLC, 2001, p 216
  5. ^ The eclectic magazine of foreign literature Volume 2; Volume 35, p 556
  6. ^ Forester. C.S: Victor Emmanuel II: And the Union of Italy, Simon Publications LLC, 2001, p 210

References

Honours

  • 3 June 1822 – 12 April 1842 Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Adelaide of Austria
  • 12 April 1842 – 23 March 1849 Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Duchess of Savoy
  • 23 March 1849 – 20 January 1855 Her Majesty The Queen of Sardinia

Titles and styles

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Ancestry

Queen Adelaide with her husband and six older children, ca. 1854

Issue

is her direct great great grandson. Italian pretender The present [6]

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