World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Alexander Krein

Article Id: WHEBN0018607685
Reproduction Date:

Title: Alexander Krein  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Simon Gjoni, Krein, Jonathan Powell (musician), Yiddish song, List of 20th-century classical composers by birth date, Jewish art music, Music based on the works of Oscar Wilde
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Alexander Krein

Alexander Krein (Russian: Александр Абрамович Крейн; 20 October 1883 in Nizhny Novgorod – died 25 April 1951 in Staraya Russa) was a Russian (Soviet) composer of Jewish heritage.

Background

The Krein family was steeped in the klezmer tradition; his father Abram (who moved to Russia from Lithuania in 1870) was a noted violinist. All of the seven Krein brothers received their first musical training from him and became musicians; Alexander and Grigori made names for themselves as composers, David gained a strong reputation as a violinist. Of the three Krein family composers, Alexander, his brother Grigori, and Grigori's son Julian, it is Alexander who composed the most music and thus to whom the most attention has been paid. After decades of posthumous neglect, however, his very name seems to have disappeared from international reference books.

Studies and career

In 1896, at the early age of 14, Alexander Krein entered the Moscow Conservatory where his studies included cello classes with Alexander von Glehn and composition lessons with Sergei Taneyev and Boleslav Yavorsky. His first works were published by P. Jurgenson in 1901. During the years immediately prior to the 1917 Revolution, he was on the faculty of the People's Conservatory in Moscow. In 1917, he was appointed as director of the artistic wing of the Muzo-Narkompros, the music section of a newly formed ministry of arts and aducation. Throughout the 1920s, Krein was widely regarded as the leader of a Jewish national school in Russia (which included his brother Grigori and his nephew Julian). Among those he influenced were minor composers such as Sinovii Feldman. After the formation of the Soviet Union, he held a variety of official and semi-official music administration posts. He died April 1951 in Staraya Ruza.

Style

Krein's pioneering spirit had led him to incorporate the intonations and styles of both sacred and secular Jewish music into a relatively advanced idiom that was as influended by French impressionism as it was by the music of his friend Alexander Scriabin.[1] Krein's own Jewish heritage was a constant source of inspiration; there are a number of instrumental works whose titles bear quite obvious witness to this, such as the Caprice Hebraique, Op. 24, and the Jewish Sketches for clarinet and string quartet. In 1921, he composed Kaddish for tenor soloist, choir, and orchestra. From the mid-'20s on, he also wrote music for plays given by Moscow's Jewish Drama Theater. There is also a large amount of music that is either purely classical in design or Soviet in nature. In the latter category are works like the revolutionary opera Zagmuk (1930), the Threnody in Memory of Lenin (1925), and the somewhat amusingly titled U.S.S.R., Shock Brigade of the World Proletariat (1925).

Selected works

  • Prologue for viola and piano, op. 2a (1902–1911/1927)
  • Five Préludes for piano, op. 3 (1903–1906)
  • Poème Quator for string quartet, op. 9 (1909)
  • Jewish Sketches for clarinet and string quartet, op. 12 (1909, reprinted 2008 by Edition Silvertrust)
  • Elegy for violin, cello and piano, op. 16 (1913)
  • 3 Lieder des Ghetto (3 Songs from the Ghetto) for soprano and piano, op. 23
  1. Sei mir Schwesterlein (1916)
  2. Wo bist du? (1917)
  3. Eine Träne (1915–1916)
  • Caprice Hébraïque, Op. 24
  • Kaddisch, Symphonic Cantata for tenor, mixed choir and large orchestra, op. 33 (1921–1922)
  • Symphony No.1 for large orchestra, op. 35 (1922–1925)
  • Piano Sonata (1925)
  • 2 Hebräische Lieder (2 Hebrew Songs) for voice and piano, op. 39 (1926)
  • Trauer-Ode for large orchestra, op. 40 (1925–1926)
  • Aria for violin and piano, op. 41 (1927)
  • Ornamente (Орнаменти, Три песни без слов), 3 Songs without Words for voice and piano, op. 42 (1924/1927)
  • Jewish Melody for cello and piano, op. 43 (1928)
  • Zagmuk, opera (1929–1930)

References

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.