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Area bombing

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Area bombing


In military aviation, area bombardment (or area bombing) is a type of aerial bombardment that targeted indiscriminately at a large area, such as a city block or an entire city.[1] The term "area bombing" came into prominence during World War II,[1] and it quickly became a de facto synonym of aerial bombing of cities by the British.[1]

Area bombing is a form of strategic bombing.[1] It can serve several intertwined purposes:to disrupt the production of military materiel, to disrupt lines of communications, to divert enemy's industrial and military resources from the primary battlefield to air defence and to demoralise an enemy's population (See terror bombing).[1]

Other terms for area bombing are "carpet bombing"[2] "saturation bombing" and "obliteration bombing". At the time, area bombing was contrasted with precision bombing. The latter was directed at a selected target – not necessarily a small, and not necessarily a tactical target, as it could be an airfield or a factory - and it did not intend to inflict a widespread damage (at least by appearance).

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