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Charros at a horse show in Pachuca, Hidalgo.
Female and male charro regalia, including sombreros de charro.
Charros competing in a charreada in Mexico

Charro is a term referring to a traditional horseman from Mexico, originating in the central-western regions primarily in the states of Jalisco, Michoacan, Zacatecas, Durango, Chihuahua, Aguascalientes, and Guanajuato. The Mexican terms vaquero and ranchero (cowboy and rancher) are similar to the charro but different in culture, etiquette, mannerism, clothing, tradition and social status.


  • Useage of term 1
  • In cinema 2
  • Modern day 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Useage of term

The traditional Mexican charro is known for colorful clothing and participating in coleadero y charreada, a specific type of Mexican rodeo. The charreada is the national sport in Mexico, and is regulated by the Federación Mexicana de Charrería.

Prior to the Mexican Revolution of 1910 the distinctive charro suit, with its sombrero, heavily embroidered jacket and tightly cut trousers, was widely worn by men of the affluent upper classes on social occasions, especially when on horseback. A light grey version with silver embroidery served as the uniform of the rurales (mounted rural police).

In Spain, a charro is a native of the province of Salamanca, especially in the area of Alba de Tormes, Vitigudino, Ciudad Rodrigo and Ledesma.[1] It's likely that the Mexican charro tradition derived from Spanish horsemen who came from Salamanca and settled in Jalisco.

In cinema

The "charro film" was a Antonio Aguilar, and Tito Guizar.

Modern day

In both Mexican and US states such as California, Texas, Illinois, Zacatecas, Durango, Jalisco, charros participate in tournaments to show off their skill either in team competition charreada, or in individual competition such as el coleadero. These events are practiced in a Lienzo charro.

Some decades ago charros in Mexico were permitted to carry guns. In conformity with current law, the charro must be fully suited and be a full pledged member of Mexico's Federación Mexicana de Charrería.[2]

See also


  1. ^ charro in the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española.
  2. ^ Camara de Diputados. "Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos (Articulo 10 Seccion VII)" (PDF). Secretaria de Gobernacion. Retrieved May 5, 2015. ]

External links

  • Arte en la Charerria: The Artisanship of Mexican Equestrian Culture at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, Oklahoma City
  • Art of the Charrería at the Museum of the American West
  • Charrería from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Charro Days from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Charreria, the symbol of Mexico
  • Federación Mexicana de Charrería (Spanish)
  • Nacional de Charros (Spanish)
  • Official Rulebook (Spanish)
  • "CHARRO USA" U.S. Radio, Magazine and Media News off Charreria (Mexican Rodeo)
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