World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Diocles of Carystus

Article Id: WHEBN0003005002
Reproduction Date:

Title: Diocles of Carystus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Praxagoras, Dogmatic school, Pneuma, Herbalism, History of pharmacy
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Diocles of Carystus

Diocles of Carystus (; Greek: Διοκλῆς ὁ Καρύστιος; Latin: Diocles Carystius; also known by the Latin name Diocles Medicus, i.e. "Diocles the physician"; c. 375 BC – c. 295 BC) was a very celebrated Greek physician, born in Carystus, a city on Euboea, Greece. Diocles lived not long after the time of Hippocrates, to whom Pliny says he was next in age and fame.[1] Not much is known of his life, other that he lived and worked in Athens, where he wrote what may be the first medical treatise in Attic (not in Ionic as was customary in Greek medical writings). His most important work was in practical medicine, especially diet and nutrition, but he also wrote the first systematic textbook on animal anatomy. According to a number of sources, he was the first to use the word "anatomy" to describe the study.[2] He belonged to the medical sect of the Dogmatici, and wrote several medical works, of which only the titles and some fragments remain, preserved by Galen, Caelius Aurelianus, Oribasius, Athenaeus (in the Deipnosophistae), and other ancient writers.[3]

There is a letter in his name addressed to king Antigonus, entitled A Letter on Preserving Health (Greek: Ἐπιστολὴ Προφυλακτική), which is inserted by Paul of Aegina at the end of the first book of his own medical compendium, and which, if genuine, was probably addressed to Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedon, who died in 239 BC, at the age of eighty, after a reign of forty-four years.[4] It resembles in its subject matter several other similar letters ascribed to Hippocrates, and treats of the diet fitted for the different seasons of the year.

It used to be said that Diocles was the first to explain the difference between the veins and arteries; but this does not seem to be correct, nor is any great discovery connected with his name. His fragments have been recently collected and translated in English by Philip van der Eijk, with a commentary in a separate volume.

Diocles insisted that health requires an understanding of the nature of the universe and its relationship to man. Diocles emphasized that nerves are the channels of sensations and that interference with them is directly involved in the pathology of disease.[5]

Diocles was the inventor of a surgical instrument for the extraction of weapons or missiles such as barbed arrowheads that were embedded into the body, called Dioclean cyathiscus(Spoon of Dioclese) (Greek: κυαθίσκος τοῦ Διοκλέους).[6]

Notes

  1. ^ Pliny, Natural History xxvi. 6
  2. ^ Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 2nd Revised Edition
  3. ^ Galen, De alimentis facultatibus, i. 1
  4. ^ Paul of Aegina, Medical Compendium in Seven Books, i
  5. ^ Marcus Bach. (1968). The Chiropractic Story. DeVors&Co., inc., Los Angeles, California. USA
  6. ^ Celsus, Book VII. 5. 2B–3B

References

Further reading

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.