World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg

Article Id: WHEBN0012255473
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Archduchess Dorothea of Austria, Eleonora Gonzaga (1630–1686), Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg

Elisabeth of Württemberg
Archduchess of Austria
Spouse Archduke Francis of Austria
Issue Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth
Full name
Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
House of Württemberg
Father Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Born 21 April 1767
Treptow, Brandenburg
Died 18 February 1790 (aged 22)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt
Religion Lutheranism then Roman Catholicism

Elisabeth of Württemberg (Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise; 21 April 1767 – 18 February 1790) was by birth a Duchess of Württemberg and by marriage an Archduchess of Austria.

Family

She was the eighth of the twelve children of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, by his wife, Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. She was baptised with the names Elisabeth Wilhelmine Luise.

Life

At the age of 15, she was called by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II to Vienna and educated in the Salesianerinnenkloster where she also converted to Catholicism. The purpose of this was to make her the future wife of Joseph II's nephew Francis, the future emperor.

In Vienna on 6 January 1788, Elisabeth and Francis were married. At this time, Emperor Joseph was in ill health; the young archduchess was close to the emperor and brightened his last years with her youthful charm. At the end of 1789, Elisabeth became pregnant; however, her condition was very delicate, caused in part by concern for the deteriorating health of the Emperor. Joseph received the Anointing of the Sick on 15 February 1790 and the scene overwhelmed the young Archduchess: she fainted upon seeing the terminally ill emperor. On the night of 18 February, she prematurely gave birth to Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria, who lived for only 16 months. Elisabeth didn't survive the childbirth, which lasted more than 24 hours, and died, despite an emergency operation to save her life. Two days later, Emperor Joseph also died.

Elisabeth never became Empress because she predeceased her father-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. She is buried in the Imperial Crypt, in Vienna.

Issue

  1. Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria (18 Feb 1790 - 24 June 1791) died in infancy.

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 21 April 1767 – 6 January 1788 Her Highness Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg
  • 6 January 1788 – 18 February 1790 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria

References

This article incorporates information from the Deutsch WorldHeritage.
  • Brigitte Hamann: Die Habsburger, ein biographisches Lexikon. Verlag Carl Ueberreuter, Vienna, 1988

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.