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Ermengarde of Hesbaye

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Title: Ermengarde of Hesbaye  
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Subject: Louis the German, Louis the Pious, Judith of Bavaria (died 843), List of Holy Roman Empresses, Lothair I
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Ermengarde of Hesbaye

Ermengarde of Hesbaye
Holy Roman Empress
Reign 813–818
Coronation 5 October 816 by Pope Stephen IV
Reims Cathedral
Queen of the Franks
Reign 814–818
Born c. 780
Died 3 October 818(818-10-03)
Angers, Neustria
Spouse Louis the Pious
Issue Lothair I
Pepin I of Aquitaine
Louis the German
House Counts of Hesbaye

Ermengarde (or Irmingard) of Hesbaye (c. 778 – 3 October 818), probably a member of the Robertian dynasty, was Holy Roman Empress from 813 and Queen of the Franks from 814 until her death as the wife of the Carolingian emperor Louis the Pious.


She was Frankish by birth, the daughter of one Count Ingerman of Hesbaye, a nephew of the Metz bishop Chrodegang, and Hedwig of Bavaria.

About 794 Ermengarde married Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, who since 781 ruled as a King of Aquitaine. He had already fathered two children, and Ermengarde may had been his concubine. Ermengarde gave birth to six children:

  • Lothair I (795–855), born in Altdorf, Bavaria
  • Pepin I of Aquitaine (797–838)
  • Adelaide, born ca. 799
  • Rotrude, born about 800, married Gérard de Auvergne (c. 800 – d. 25.6.841) Comte de Auvergne and they had Ranulf I of Poitiers.
  • Hildegard/Matilda, born about 802, abbess of Notre-Dame in Laon
  • Louis the German (805–876), King of East Francia

Charlemagne initially intended to divide his Carolingian Empire between Louis and his brothers Pepin and Charles, who nevertheless died in quick succession in 810/11. On 10 September 813, Charlemagne designated Louis his successor and had

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