World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Freising manuscripts

Article Id: WHEBN0000064729
Reproduction Date:

Title: Freising manuscripts  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Milko Kos, Primary Chronicle, Timeline of Slovenian history, History of Slovenia, Rhotacism
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Freising manuscripts

The beginning of the second Freising manuscript

The Freising manuscripts (also Freising folia, Freising fragments, or Freising monuments; German: Freisinger Denkmäler, Latin: Monumenta Frisingensia, Slovene: Brižinski spomeniki or Brižinski rokopisi) are the first Latin-script continuous text in a Slavic language and "the oldest document in Slovene."[1]

Description and origin

The manuscripts were found bound into a Latin codex (manuscript book). Four parchment leaves and a further quarter of a page have been preserved. They consist of three texts in the oldest Slovene dialect. Linguistic, stylistic and contextual analyses reveal that these are church texts of careful composition and literary form.

The precise date of the origin of the Freising Manuscripts cannot be exactly determined; the original text was probably written in the 9th century. In this liturgic and homiletic manuscript, three Slovene records were found and this miscellany was probably an episcopal manual (pontificals). The Freising Manuscripts in it were created between 972 and 1039, most likely before 1000. The main support for this dating is the writing, which was used in the centuries after Charlemagne and is named Carolingian minuscule.

During the time of the writing of the two manuscripts (sermons on sin and repentance, a confessional form), Bishop Abraham was active (from 957 to 994) in Freising. It is believed that the manuscripts were written in the Möll River Valley in Carinthia. For this reason some linguists (e.g. Jernej Kopitar and Rajko Nahtigal) linked Abraham closely to the origin of the Freising Manuscripts and even attributed to him the authorship of one of the texts and suspected that he was of Slovene origin, although this was later disproven.[2]

Modern history

The manuscripts were discovered in Freising, Bavaria. The Slovene name Brižinski spomeniki (literally 'Brižinj Monuments') was coined by the Carinthian Slovene philologist Anton Janežič, who Slovenized the German name Freising to Brižinj in 1854.[3] In 1803, the manuscript came to the Bavarian State Library in Munich and the Freising Manuscripts were discovered there in 1807. The texts were translated into modern Slovene in 1854 by the philologist Anton Janežič. Before World War II, a facsimile of the Freising Manuscripts was published by Silvester Škerl at Akademska založba (Academic Publisher) in Ljubljana.

Exhibitions

The manuscripts are still kept at the Bavarian State Library in Munich and have left it only twice. In the 1970s, they were exhibited in the Vatican Museums.[4] In May and June 2004, they were exhibited at the National and University Library in Ljubljana.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Collection of Sermons, Treatises, Liturgical Formulae and Canons. Slavic Liturgical Formulae (Freising Monuments)". World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  2. ^ Grdina, Igor (6 April 2007). "Oris raziskav" [Outline of Research]. In Ogrin, Matija. ]The Freising Manuscripts: Monumenta Frisingiensa: The Electronic Scientifically Critical Edition [Brižinski spomeniki: Monumenta Frisingiensia: elektronska znanstvenokritična izdaja (in Slovenian). Institute of the Slovene Literature and the Slovene language, Scientific Research Centre, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. §309.  
  3. ^ Pogačnik, Jože & Franc Zadravec. 1968. Zgodovina slovenskega slovstva: Srednji vek, reformacija in protireformacija, manirizem in barok. Maribor: Obzorja, p. 64.
  4. ^ Valenčič, Rafko (2002). "Cerkev in kulturne dobrine" [The Church and Cultural Goods]. Cerkveni dokumenti (in Slovenian) (Družina; Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Goods of the Church) 97: 15.  
  5. ^ "Vrnitev Brižinskih spomenikov" [The Return of the Freising Monuments]. MMC RTV Slovenija (in Slovenian) (RTV Slovenija). 23 June 2004.  

External links

  • Freising Manuscripts (Brižinski spomeniki). Scholarly Digital Editions of Slovenian Literature. Scientific Research Centre, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Contains a historical overview of the manuscripts, a series of studies and commentaries, a glossary, transcriptions and translations.
  • Freisinger Denkmäler (Freising Manuscripts), Clm 6426. Bavarian State Library. Presents the manuscripts and contains links to the digitised versions kept by the library.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.