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Gregory Pakourianos

Gregory Pakourianos. A fresco from Bachkovo.

Gregory Pakourianos (

  • Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents. Typikon of Gregory Pakourianos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Petritzonitissa in Backovo.
  • Gregory_Pakourianos. "Typicon Pacuriani (Regula monasterii Petriconi)" (in Old Georgian, written in 1083).

External links

  • (in Old Georgian, written in 1083)"Typicon Pacuriani (Regula monasterii Petriconi)"Gregory_Pakourianos.
  • BK 28 (1971), 134
  • (Russian) Arutiunova-Fidanian, V. A. Типик Григория Пакуриана. Введение, перевод и комментарий. Ереван, 1978, с. 249 (The Typikon of Gregorius Pacurianus, Yerevan, 1978, p. 249.
  • Comnena, Anna, “The Alexiad”, Translated by E.R.A. Sewter, Pengium Books Ltd., London, 1969, (reprinted in 2003), pp. 560.
  • Petit, L., Typikon de Grégoire Pacourianos pour le monastère de Pétritzos (Bachkovo) en Bulgarie, texte original, Viz. Vrem., XI, Suppl. no 1, SPB 1904, XXXII+63 p.
  • Gautier, P. Le typikon du sébaste Grégoire Pakourianos. - Revue des études byzantines, T. 42 (1984), pp. 5-145
  • (Russian) Marr, Nicholas. Н. Я. Марр. Аркаун – монгольское название христиан в связи с вопросом об армянах-халкедонитах (Византийский временник”, т. XII, С. Петербург, 1905. Отдельный оттиск). ( Arkaun, the Mongolian name of Christians in connection with the question of the Armenians-Chalcedonian. Saint-Petersburg, 1905, pp. 17–31 ).
  • Obolensky, D., Nationalism in Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Fifth Series, Vol. 22, (1972), pp. 1–16
  • Ostrogorsky, G., Observations on the Aristocracy in Byzantium: Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 25, (1971), pp. 1–32
  • Works 9 (1986), Tbilisi: Metsniereba. pp. 29-36
  • Toumanoff, Cyril. "Caucasia and Byzantium." Traditio 27 (1971), pp. 111–152.

Further reading

  1. ^ Typikon of Gregory Pakourianos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Petritzonitissa in Bachkovo [2].
  2. ^ Asdracha Catherine, La région des Rhodopes aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles: étude de géographie historique, Athen: Verlag der Byzantinisch-Neugriechischen Jahrbücher, 1976, pp. 74-75.
  3. ^ (Russian) Arutjunova-Fidanjan, Viada. Типик Григория Пакуриана. Введение, перевод и комментарий (The Typikon of Gregorius Pacurianus). Yerevan, 1978, pp. 134-135, 249.
  4. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander. "The Armenians in the Byzantine Ruling Class Predominantly in the Ninth through Twelfth Centuries" in Medieval Armenian Culture (University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies 6). Thomas Samuelian and Michael Stone (eds). Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1983, pp. 443-444.
  5. ^ Garsoïan, Nina G. "The Problem of Armenian Integration into the Byzantine Empire" in Studies on the Internal Diaspora of the Byzantine Empire. Hélène Ahrweiler and Angeliki E. Laiou (eds.). Washington: Harvard University Press, 1998, pp. 88-89, notes 138-140.
  6. ^ Anna Comnena. The Alexiad. Translated by Elizabeth Dawes. London: Routledge, Kegan, Paul, 1928, p. 51.
  7. ^ On this, see  
  8. ^ The Byzantine Empire By Robert Browning, p. 126, The Catholic University of America Press, 1992
  9. ^ Arutjunova-Fidanjan, Viada. "Some Aspects of the Military-Administrative Districts and of Byzantine Administration in Armenia During the 11th Century." Revue des Études Arméniennes. N.S. 20, (1986-1987), p. 315.
  10. ^ a b Garsoïan, Nina G. "Pakourianos." Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. vol. 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991, p. 1553.
  11. ^ Anna Comnena, “The Alexiad”, Translated by E.R.A. Sewter, Pengium Books Ltd., London, 1969, p. 81.
  12. ^ (Russian) Abaza, Viktor. История Армении. Saint Petersburg, 1888, p. 83.
  13. ^ Typikon of Gregory Pakourianos for the Monastery of the Mother of God Petritzonitissa in Bachkovo. Page 54, paragraph 71.
  14. ^ Paul Lemerle. Le Monde Byzantin. Cinq études sur le XIe siècle Byzantin. Le Typikon de Grégoire Pakourianos (Décembre 1083). Édition CNRS. Paris, 1977, p. 157.
  15. ^ Arutjunova-Fidanjan, Типик Григория Пакуриана, p. 120.
  16. ^ Mango, Cyril Alexander. The Oxford History of Byzantium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, p. 12. ISBN 0-19-814098-3.
  17. ^ Gautier, P., "Le typikon du sèbaste Grégoire Pacourianos." Revue des Etudes Byzantines 42, 1984, p. 158.


Gregory Pakourianos and his brother Abas were buried in a bone-vault house near the Bachkovo Monastery. The portraits of the two brothers are painted on the north wall of the bone-vault house.

He was also known as a noted patron and promoter of Christian culture. He together with his brother Abas (Apasios) made, in 1074, a significant donation to the Armenian characters rather than Greek.[16] It is assumed that Pakourianos did not know Greek.[17]

Later he was involved in a coup that removed Nikephoros III. The new Emperor, Alexios I Komnenos, appointed him "megas domestikos of All the West" and gave him many more properties in the Balkans. He possessed numerous estates in various parts of the Byzantine Empire and was afforded a variety of privileges by the emperor, including exemption from certain taxes. In 1081, he commanded the left flank against the Normans at the Battle of Dyrrachium. A year later he evicted the Normans from Moglena. He died in 1086 fighting the Pechenegs at the battle of Beliatoba, charging so vigorously he crashed into a tree.

In 1064, he participated in the unsuccessful defense of George II of Georgia in 1072-1073 but this did not prevent the invaders from capturing the city.

Byzantine service

According Anna Comnena, Pakourianos was tiny of body but a mighty warrior.[11]

Taking into account all the evidence available on Pakourianos, the scholar Nina G. Garsoïan proposed that "the most likely explanation is that [the Pakourian family] belonged to the mixed Armeno-Iberian Chalcedonian aristocracy, which dwelt in the border district of Tayk'/Tao."[10]

[9] family.Chalcedonian Armenian In her study on Byzantine administration over the provinces of Armenia, Armenian historian Viada Arutjunova-Fidanjan concludes that Pakourianos was born into a [8] He is believed to have hailed from the region of [5][4] Gregory's origins are a matter for scholarly dispute.

The ossuary of the Bachkovo Monastery which houses the remains of Gregory Pakourianos.

Origin and physical characteristics



  • Life 1
    • Origin and physical characteristics 1.1
    • Byzantine service 1.2
  • Notes 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

[3][2].Iberians were Bulgaria) in Bachkovo Monastery. The monks of this Orthodox monastery (today, the typikon and author of its [1]

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