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John George, Elector of Brandenburg

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John George, Elector of Brandenburg

John George
Elector of Brandenburg
John George, Elector of Brandenburg
Elector of Brandenburg
Reign 1571–1598
Predecessor Joachim II Hector
Successor Joachim Frederick
Born (1525-09-11)11 September 1525
Cölln
Died 8 January 1598(1598-01-08) (aged 72)
Cölln
Spouse Sophie of Legnica
Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Issue Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
George Albert
John
Albert
Magdalena Sabina
Erdmuthe, Duchess of Pomerania
Marie
Magdalena
Margaret
Anna Maria, Duchess of Pomerania
Sophie, Electress of Saxony
Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Magdalena, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt
Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Agnes, Duchess of Pomerania and Saxe-Lauenburg
Frederick IX, Margrave of Brandenburg
Elisabeth Sophia, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg
Dorothea Sibylle, Duchess of Brieg
George Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg
Sigismund
John, Bishop of Havelberg
John George
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
Mother Magdalena of Saxony
John George and his second consort, Sabine of Ansbach

John George of Brandenburg (Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1571–1598) and a Duke of Prussia. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he was the son of Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, and his first wife Magdalena of Saxony.

Faced with large debts accumulated during the reign of his father, John George instituted a grain tax which drove part of the peasantry into dependence on a nobility that was exempt from taxation. Though a staunch Lutheran opposed to the rise of Calvinism, he permitted the admission of Calvinist refugees from the wars in the Spanish Netherlands and France. He was succeeded by his son Joachim Frederick.

Upon the death of his kinsman Sophie of Legnica (ca. 1525 – 6 February 1546), whom he married in 1545. They had one child together:

  1. Joachim Frederick (27 January 1546 – 1608)

Secondly, he married Margravine George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, in 1548. They had the following children:

  1. George Albert (1555–1557)
  2. John
  3. Albert
  4. Magdalena Sabina
  5. Erdmuthe (26 June 1561 – 13 November 1623), married in 1577 to Duke John Frederick of Pomerania
  6. Marie
  7. Magdalena
  8. Margaret
  9. Anna Maria (3 February 1567 – 4 November 1618), married in 1581 to Duke Barnim X of Pomerania
  10. Sophie (6 June 1568 – 7 December 1622), married in 1582 to Elector Christian I of Saxony

Thirdly, he married Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst (15 September [O.S. 5 September] 1563 – 5 October 1607) in 1577. They had the following children:

  1. Christian (1581–1655)
  2. Magdalena (7 January 1582
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