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Kingdom of Serbia (1718–1739)


Kingdom of Serbia (1718–1739)

Not to be confused with Kingdom of Serbia.

Kingdom of Serbia
Краљевина Србија
Kraljevina Srbija
Königreich Serbien
Crownland of the Habsburg Monarchy

Serbia 1718-1739
Capital Belgrade
Languages Serbian, German
Religion Roman Catholic,
Serbian Orthodox
Government Crownland
 -  1718–1720 Johann O'Dwyer
 -  1720–1733 Charles Alexander
 -  1733–1738 Karl von Schmettau
 -  1738–1739 George de Wallis
Historical era Early modern period
 -  Treaty of Passarowitz 21 July 1718
 -  Austro-Turkish War 1737–1739
 -  Treaty of Belgrade 18 September 1739
Currency Kreuzer

The Kingdom of Serbia (Serbian: Краљевина Србија, Kraljevina Srbija; German: Königreich Serbien), was a province of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1718 to 1739. It was formed from the territories in the south of the rivers Sava and Danube that Habsburg Monarchy conquered from Ottoman Empire in 1718, but it was abolished and returned to Ottoman Empire in 1739.

The Habsburg Serbian crownland was oppressive and exploited local Serbs,[1] however the Serbs benefited from self-government, an autonomous Serbian militia and integrated economic ties with the Habsburg monarchy.[2] Serbia's population had increased rapidly from 270,000 to 400,000.


In the 17th century, entire territory of present-day Serbia was under Ottoman administration. In 1688-1689, during the Great Turkish War, the Habsburg troops temporarily took control over most of present-day Serbia, but were subsequently forced into retreat. The Treaty of Karlowitz from 1699 recognized Ottoman authority over most of present-day Serbia, while region of Bačka and western part of the region of Syrmia were assigned to the Habsburg Monarchy.

In 1718, the Habsburg Monarchy conquered from the Ottoman Empire some additional parts of present-day Serbia, including Banat, south-eastern Syrmia, and northern parts of present-day Central Serbia. In part of this territory, in the south of the rivers Sava and Danube, the Habsburgs formed a province named Kingdom of Serbia. Habsburg emperor used a title of a king of Serbia, while administrator of the province was appointed governor. Territory of present-day eastern Serbia, also conquered by the Habsburgs in 1718, was not included into Kingdom of Serbia, but was administratively a part of the Banat of Temeswar.

After a new Habsburg-Ottoman war in 1739, the Habsburg Monarchy lost all territories south of the rivers Sava and Danube, including whole territory of the Kingdom of Serbia. Banat and Syrmia, in today's northern Serbia, remained under Habsburg administration up to 1918.

Governors of Serbia


Although the Habsburg administration over this part of present-day Serbia was short-lived, the consciousness about separate political entity was left behind by the Habsburgs, thus local inhabitants never again fully accepted Ottoman administration, which lead to the Koča's frontier rebellion (in 1788) and to the First Serbian Uprising in 1804, which ended the direct Ottoman rule over this part of present-day Serbia.

Parts of present-day Serbia in the south of the Sava and Danube were temporarily controlled by the Habsburg Monarchy once again between 1789 and 1791, after the Kočina Krajina Serb rebellion (1788).

Part of a series on the
History of Serbia
By century
  • 9th
  • 10th
  • Neolithic
  • Bronze Age
  • Iron Age
Middle Ages
White Serbia to 610 AD

Rascia, Doclea,
Zachlumia, Travunia,
Pagania (Narentines)

Catepanate 969–976
Theme 969–1043
Vojislavljević Doclea 998–1101
Grand Principality 1101–1217
Kingdom 1217–1346
Syrmia 1282–1325
Empire · Fall 1346–1371
Lazar's Serbia 1371–1402
Despotate 1402–1459
Early modern
Ottoman Serbia 1402–1912
Nenad / Čelnik 1526–1530
Habsburg occupation 1686–1699
Great Serb Migrations 1690 and
Habsburg Serbia 1718–1739
Koča's rebellion 1788–1791
Serbia 1804–1918
Revolution 1804–1815
Principality of Serbia 1817–1882
Serbian Vojvodina 1848–1849
Serbia and Banat 1849–1860
Kingdom of Serbia 1882–1918
Serbia since 1918
Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1918–1941
Axis occupation 1941–1944
Socialist Republic 1944–1990
Federal Republic 1990–2006
Republic of Serbia 2006–present
Serbia portal


See also


  • Istorijski atlas, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva - Zavod za kartografiju "Geokarta", Beograd, 1999.
  • Školski istorijski atlas, Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika Socijalističke Republike Srbije, Beograd, 1970.
  • Denis Šehić - Demir Šehić, Istorijski atlas Sveta, Beograd, 2007.
  • The Times History of Europe, Times Books, London, 2002.
  • Olga Zirojević, Srbija pod turskom vlašću 1459-1804, Beograd, 2007.
  • Vladimir Ćorović, Ilustrovana istorija Srba, knjiga četvrta, Beograd, 2006.
  • Dušan J. Popović, Beograd pre 200 godina, Beograd, 1935. (republished as "Beograd u XVIII veku, od 1717. do 1739.", Beograd, 2011.)

External links

  • Serbia (1718)
  • Serbia (1718–1738)
  • Habsburg Empire (1648–1914)
  • South East Europe (1648)
  • World Statesmen – Serbia
bg:Първо хабсбургско управление на Смедеревския санджак

nl:Servië (1718-1739)

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