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Title: Löwenstein-Wertheim  
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Subject: Diana Álvares Pereira de Melo, 11th Duchess of Cadaval, The Stones in the Park, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
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Arms of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Arms of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg

Löwenstein-Wertheim was a county of the Wittelsbach.


The county of Löwenstein belonged to a branch of the family of the counts of Löwenstein in Suabia and received from Emperor Maximilian I the title of Count of Löwenstein.

The family lost Löwenstein to Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg, but Louis III, Count of Löwenstein, through his marriage to Anna, heiress of the Count of Wertheim, obtained that territory. Louis III left two sons: Christopher Louis, a Lutheran, and John Dietrich, who remained a Catholic, so the family was divided in two: Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg, a Lutheran branch, and Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, a Catholic one. With the dissolution of the German Empire in 1806 and the protocol of Frankfurt on 20 July 1819 all the family lands were mediatised. The county was disbanded in 1806 and its territory was split among Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, and Hesse.

The current monarchs of Belgium, Luxembourg, and Liechtenstein, as well as the pretenders to the thrones of Portugal, Italy (Naples branch), Bavaria, and Austria–Hungary are descended (not in the male line) from the Rosenberg branch. Rupert zu Löwenstein, the longtime financial manager of the Rolling Stones, was a member of the Freudenberg branch.

Rulers of Löwenstein

Counts of Löwenstein (1494–1571)

Ruins of Löwenstein Castle

Counts of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck (1571–1633)

George Louis survived his only son. His daughter and heiress Maria Christina of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck (1625–1673) married Gabriel Oxenstierna, Count of Korsholm and Vaasa (1619–1673). The further Counts of Korsholm and Vaasa were their descendants.

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim (1571–1636)

Louis IV has no known descendants. Wolfgang Ernest only had one daughter, Dorothea Walpurga of Löwenstein-Wertheim (1628–1634) who predeceased him. Their lines were extinct with their own deaths.

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg (1611–1812)

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1611–1712)

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1712–1803)

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1803–present)

Kleinheubach Castle, residence of the princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg since 1720
  • Dominick Constantine, 4th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 1803–1814. The last Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort following a change of title.

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (1812–present)

Kreuzwertheim Castle, residence of the princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg since 1736


  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain

External links

  • A listing of descendants of the Löwenstein family
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