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Liparitids

The Liparitids (Orbeli or Orbeliani, were expelled, in 1177, to Armenia where they came to be known as Orbeleans whose one member later returned to Georgia. The family gave origin to several cadet branches which have survived in Georgia for several centuries.

Contents

  • Origins 1
  • Early history 2
  • Struggle with the Bagratids 3
  • References 4

Origins

The Liparitids are believed by

  1. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril. "The Mamikonids and the Liparitids", Armeniaca (Venice, 1969), pp. 125-137.
  2. ^ (Russian) Летопись Картли / Пер., введ. и примеч. Г. Цулаиа; [Ред. тома Ш. Бадридзе], Тб.: Мецниереба, 1982.
  3. ^ (Russian) Цулая, Гиви. Из истории грузинской агиографии: "Мученичество Давида и Константина". Православие.Ru. Retrieved on May 24, 2007.
  4. ^ (Russian) Каждан, А. П. (Alexander Kazhdan), Византийские Липариты. В кн.: Византиноведческие этюды, Тбилиси, 1978, с. 191-193.
  5. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril. "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia." Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion 7 (1949–51): 169–222.

References

down to the 14th century. Surami, were eristavi of Kartli and princes of Surameli Another possible branch, [5] A cadet branch of the Liparitid house, the

In 1177, Ivane Orbeli headed an abortive insurrection against Tamar (1184-1213). The other brother, Elikum, fled to the Atabegs of Azerbaijan and became Muslim. His descendants — Orbelian — eventually gained control of the Armenian principality of Syunik.

In the mid-eleventh century, the Liparitid house reached the apogee of their might and remained, for a century, leaders of the feudality in its struggle against the growing power of the kings of Georgia. In 1047, one of the most illustrious representatives of the family, Byzantine military and administrative service in the 12th century.[4] Around 1110, the family, their principal branch being known under the name of Orbeli or Orbeliani after the castle of Orbeti, was restored in the part of their possessions, but their tendency to rebellion against the crown did not quell.

Struggle with the Bagratids

In their new fiefdom, the Liparitids accepted the suzerainty of Iberia based in Tao-Klarjeti, and built a stronghold called Klde-Karni on a strategic mountain of the Trialeti Range. This area lay in the possessions of David’s kinsman Guaram Mampali, and the move eventually led to a split among the Bagratids which concluded with the murder of David by his nephew (son of Guaram Mampali) Nasra in 881. In a civil war that ensued, Liparit supported David’s heir, Adarnase I, who was victorious and crowned, with the Armenian support, as King of the Georgians in 888. Thus, Liparit and his heirs secured a hereditary dukedom of Trialeti and Kldekari. They quickly rose in prominence, gaining more possessions and prestige and when, in the early 11th century, the Bagratid dynasty established the unified all-Georgian monarchy, the Liparitids were among its most powerful vassals and rivals.

Early history

[3]

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