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Longobardia

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Longobardia

Theme of Longobardia
Λογγοβαρδία, θέμα Λογγοβαρδίας
Theme of the Byzantine Empire
873–ca. 965
Location of Longobardia
Map of Byzantine themes in Italy (yellow) c. 1000.
Capital Bari
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Byzantine conquest of Bari 873
 -  Establishment of the Catepanate of Italy 965
Today part of  Italy

Longobardia (Greek: Λογγοβαρδία, also variously Λογγιβαρδία, Longibardia and Λαγουβαρδία, Lagoubardia), was a Byzantine and Langbarðaland ("Land of the Lombards") term for the territories controlled by the Lombards in Italy. In the 9th-10th centuries, it was also the name of a Byzantine military-civilian province (or thema) known as the Theme of Longobardia located in southeastern Italy.

History

The term was traditionally used for the Lombard possessions, with the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor distinguishing between "Great Longobardia" (Greek: Μεγάλη Λογγοβαρδία; Latin: Longobardia major), namely the Lombard kingdom in northern Italy, and "Lesser Longobardia" (Latin: Longobardia minor), which comprised southern Italy, with the Lombard duchies of Spoleto, Salerno and Capua, the Byzantine possessions, and the city-states (Naples, Gaeta and Amalfi) under Byzantine suzerainty.[1][2]

In its strictest and most technical sense, the name referred to the Byzantine thema which encompassed the modern [5] A dedicated strategos is only attested from 911 on.[4] In 938 and 956, it also appears united with the thema of Calabria, although the duration of this arrangement is unclear. At any rate, after c. 965, the two themata were permanently united into the new Catepanate of Italy, with the catepan's seat again at Bari.[2][4]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Kazhdan 1991, pp. 1249–1250.
  2. ^ a b Pertusi 1952, p. 181
  3. ^ Kazhdan 1991, pp. 256, 1250.
  4. ^ a b c Kazhdan 1991, p. 1250.
  5. ^ Pertusi 1952, p. 180

Sources

Further reading

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