World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lyfing of Winchester

Article Id: WHEBN0000098117
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lyfing of Winchester  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ealdred (archbishop of York), Leofric (bishop), Ælfric Puttoc, Lyfing, Abbots of Tavistock
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lyfing of Winchester

Lyfing of Winchester
Bishop of Crediton
Province Province of Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Crediton
Installed 1027
Term ended 1046
Predecessor Eadnoth
Successor Leofric
Other posts
Orders
Consecration 1027
Personal details
Died 20, 23 or 25 March 1046
Nationality English
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post Abbot of Tavistock

Lyfing of Winchester (died March 1046), also known as Livingus or Lifing, was an Anglo-Saxon prelate who served as Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of Crediton and Bishop of Cornwall.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Life

His uncle was Burhweald, Bishop of Cornwall,[1] according to the medieval chronicler William of Malmesbury.[2] He was probably a monk either at Winchester Abbey[3] or at Glastonbury Abbey. In 1009, he became Abbot of Tavistock,[4] and that was always his favourite of the offices he held. In 1027, he became the Bishop of Crediton, and about the same time he became Bishop of Cornwall on the death of his uncle Brihtwold, so he united those two sees, with the seat at Crediton.[5][6] His elevation probably was due both to his family and to his assistance to Cnut in Rome.[7] There is also some indication he may have been a protégé of Godwin, Earl of Wessex.[3]

In 1038 or 1039, Lyfing also became Bishop of Worcester, but was deprived of the see in 1040.[8] King Harold Harefoot gave Worcester to Lyfing because of Lyfing's support of Harold.[1] His deprivation was due to King Harthacnut's belief that Lyfing was involved in the death of Harthacnut's half brother Alfred Atheling.[9] Lyfing was accused by Aelfric Puttoc, the archbishop of York, who briefly replaced Lyfing at Worcester.[10] Lyfing seems to have claimed that he was merely following the orders of Harold Harefoot.[11] However, he was restored to Worcester in 1041 and held the three sees until his death on either March 20, March 23 or March 25, 1046.[8]

Bishop Lyfing was a close friend and trusted counsellor of King Canute the Great[3] and accompanied him on a pilgrimage to Rome in 1027.[4] Florence of Worcester, the medieval chronicler, claims that Lyfing, along with Godwin, was instrumental in securing the succession of Edward the Confessor to the throne of England on Harthacnut's death.[12] A tradition at Worcester also recorded that it was Lyfing, along with Archbishop Eadsige of Canterbury, who forced Sweyn Godwinson to release Eadgifu, the abbess of Leominster who Sweyn had kidnapped.[13] In revenge, Sweyn raided the lands of the diocese of Worcester.[14]

Before Lyfing's death, Aldred, who succeeded him at Worcester, had probably been acting as his suffragan or co-bishop.[15] When Lyfing died, he chose to be buried at Tavistock Abbey.[3] Lyfing was a pluralist and never enjoyed a good reputation. However, the D version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle describes him as "the eloquent bishop", which may imply that he was noted as an important preacher.[16] Tavistock monks also remembered him as a great benefactor to their monastery.[17]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Lawson Cnut pp. 116–117
  2. ^ King "Ealdred" Anglo-Norman Studies XVIII p. 124
  3. ^ a b c d Barlow "Lyfing (d. 1046)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  4. ^ a b Knowles Heads of Religious Houses pp. 72, 255
  5. ^ Fryde Handbook of British Chronology p. 215
  6. ^ Barlow English Church 1000–1066 p. 73
  7. ^ Lawson Cnut p. 137
  8. ^ a b Fryde Handbook of British Chronology p. 224
  9. ^ Stenton Anglo-Saxon England p. 422-423
  10. ^ Stafford Unification and Conquest p. 80
  11. ^ Mason House of Godwine p. 41
  12. ^ Stafford Unification and Conquest p. 86
  13. ^ Barlow Godwins p. 53
  14. ^ Barlow English Church 1000–1066 p. 58
  15. ^ Barlow Edward the Confessor p. 86
  16. ^ Lawson Cnut p. 66
  17. ^ Barlow English Church 1000–1066 p. 74

References

  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third Edition, revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  
  • King, Vanessa (1996). "Ealdred, Archbishop of York: The Worcester Years". In Harper-Bill, Christopher. Anglo-Norman Studies XVIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1995. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. pp. 124–137.  
  •  
  • Lawson, M. K. (2000). Cnut: England's Viking King. Stroud: Tempus Publishing, Limited.  
  • Mason, Emma (2004). House of Godwine: The History of Dynasty. London: Hambledon & London.  
  •  
  •  

Further reading

  • Conner, Patrick W. (1993) Anglo-Saxon Exeter: a Tenth-century Cultural History Woodbridge : Boydell ISBN 0-85115-307-0

External links

  • Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England entry for Lyfing
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Ælfmær
Abbot of Tavistock
c.1009–1027
Succeeded by
Ealdred
Preceded by
Eadnoth
Bishop of Crediton
1027–1046
Succeeded by
Leofric
Preceded by
Burhweald
Bishop of Cornwall
1027–1046
Succeeded by
Leofric
Preceded by
Beorhtheah
Bishop of Worcester
1038 or 1039 – deprived 1040
Succeeded by
Aelfric Puttoc
Preceded by
Aelfric Puttoc
Bishop of Worcester
restored 1041–1046
Succeeded by
Ealdred
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.