Marathi language

Marathi
मराठी Marāṭhī
Marathi written in Devanāgarī and Modi
Pronunciation
Native to India
Region Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh parts of Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu.[1]
Native speakers
73 million  (2007)[2]
Early forms
Maharashtri
  • Marathi
Dialects
Balbodh style[3][4][5][6] of the Devanagari script (Marathi alphabet)
Marathi Braille
Modi (historical)
Signed Marathi
Official status
Official language in
 India: Maharashtra, Daman and Diu[7] and Dadra and Nagar Haveli[8]
Regulated by other institutions
Language codes
ISO 639-1 mr
ISO 639-2 mar
ISO 639-3 Either:
mar – Modern Marathi
omr – Old Marathi
Linguist list
omr Old Marathi
Glottolog mara1378  (Modern Marathi)[9]
oldm1244  (Old Marathi)[10]

Marathi (English pronunciation: ;[11] मराठी Marāṭhī ) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is the official language of Maharashtra state of India and is one of the 23 official languages of India. There were 73 million speakers in 2001; Marathi has the fourth largest number of native speakers in India.[12] The major dialects of Marathi are called Standard Marathi and Warhadi Marathi.[13] There are a few other sub-dialects like Ahirani, Dangi, Vadvali, Samavedi, Khandeshi, and Malwani. Standard Marathi is the official language of the State of Maharashtra.

Contents

  • Geographic distribution 1
  • Official status 2
  • History 3
    • Marathi Literature 12th century to 1905 3.1
      • Yadava 3.1.1
      • Mahanubhav sect 3.1.2
      • W/Varkari sect 3.1.3
      • Medieval and Deccan Sultanate period 3.1.4
    • Maratha Empire Period 3.2
    • British colonial period(Early 19th to mid 20th century) 3.3
    • Marathi since Indian independence 3.4
  • Dialects 4
    • Jhadi Boli 4.1
    • Southern Indian Marathi 4.2
    • Varhadi 4.3
    • Others 4.4
  • Sounds 5
  • Writing 6
    • Devanagari 6.1
    • Modi 6.2
    • Latin 6.3
  • Consonant clusters 7
  • Grammar 8
  • Marathi organisations 9
    • Outside Maharashtra state 9.1
  • Vocabulary 10
    • Sharing of linguistic resources with other languages 10.1
    • Morphology and etymology 10.2
    • Influence of foreign languages 10.3
    • Forming complex words 10.4
    • Counting 10.5
  • Marathi on computers and the Internet 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

Geographic distribution

Maharashtra, the state in India where