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Marcato

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Title: Marcato  
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Subject: Articulation (music), Staccato, Accent (music), List of musical symbols, Music theory
Collection: Articulations, Italian Words and Phrases
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Marcato

commonly referred to as marcato (It. marcatissimo or martellato).
commonly referred to as an accent (It. marcato).
Diatonic scale on C, marcato. About this sound Play  

Marcato (short form: Marc.) (Italian for marked) is a musical instruction indicating a note, chord, or passage is to be played louder or more forcefully than surrounding music. The instruction may involve the word mar cat o itself written above or below the staff or it may take the form of an accent mark, ^,[1][2][3] an open vertical wedge. This is essentially an intensified version of the regular accent indicated by >, an open horizontal wedge: It asks for a greater dynamic accent. Like the regular accent, however, it is often interpreted to suggest a sharp attack tapering to the original dynamic,[4] an interpretation which applies only to instruments capable of altering the dynamic level of a single sustained pitch. According to author James Mark Jordan, "the marcato sound is characterised by a rhythmic thrust followed by a decay of the sound"[5]

In jazz big-band scores the marcato symbol usually indicates a note is to be shortened to approximately 2/3 its normal duration, and given a moderate accent.

The instruction marcato or marcatissimo[6] (extreme marcato), among various other instructions, symbols, and expression marks may prompt a string player to use martellato bowing, depending on the musical context.[7]

References

  1. ^ George Heussenstamm, The Norton Manual of Music Notation, W. W. Norton & Company, p. 52
  2. ^ Anthony Donato, Preparing Music Manuscript, Prentice-Hall, Inc., p. 50
  3. ^ Tom Gerou and Linda Rusk, Essential Dictionary of Musical Notation, Alfred Publishing Co., Inc., p.36
  4. ^ Walter Pison, Orchestration, W.W. Norton & Company: 1955, p. 20
  5. ^ James Mark Jordan, Evoking sound: Fundamentals of Choral Conducting and Rehearsing, GIA Publications: 1996, pp193.
  6. ^ Walter Pison, Orchestration, published by W.W. Norton & Company, 1955, page 17
  7. ^ Kent Kennan and Donald Grantham, The Technique of Orchestration, Third Edition, published by Prentice-Hall, pp.53-54
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