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Margaret of Burgundy, Duchess of Bavaria

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Subject: Philip the Bold, List of Ladies of the Garter, Robert Campin, John the Fearless, Isabeau of Bavaria, Margaret of Burgundy, John, Dauphin of France, Duke of Touraine, William II, Duke of Bavaria, Le Quesnoy, Margaret of Bavaria
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Margaret of Burgundy, Duchess of Bavaria

Margaret of Burgundy
Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
Countess consort of Mortain, Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland

Spouse William II, Duke of Bavaria
Issue
Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
House House of Valois-Burgundy
Father Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
Born October 1374
Died 8 March 1441 (66–67)
Le Quesnoy

Margaret of Burgundy (October 1374 – 8 March 1441) was a daughter of Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders.[1] By her marriage to William of Bavaria, she would, in 1404, become Duchess of Bavaria.

Margaret was the third child and first daughter out of nine children born to Philip the Bold and his wife Margaret III, Countess of Flanders. Her siblings included John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Antoine, Duke of Brabant.

Her paternal grandparents were John II of France and Bonne of Bohemia. Her maternal grandparents were Louis II of Flanders and Margaret of Brabant.

Margaret's father the Duke of Burgundy used the marriages of his children to achieve far-sighted goals. In keeping with this strategy, Margaret and her brother John were wedded in a double marriage to William and his sister Margaret of Bavaria. This marriage would have later influence the union of Hainaut and Holland with Burgundy and Flanders, as carried out by Margaret's nephew Philip the Good.

On 12 April 1385 in Cambrai, Margaret was married to William of Bavaria.[1] He succeeded his father as William II, Duke of Bavaria and William VI, Count of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland in 1404, thus making Margaret Duchess of Bavaria and Countess of these areas.

Margaret had exerted a lot of political influence during the reign of her spouse: William was sovereign of both Holland and Hainaut, and as he preferred Holland and spend a lot of his reign there, Margaret was his regent and representative in Hainaut.[2]

After 16 years of childless marriage, Margaret finally produced one child, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut (16 August 1401 – 8 October 1436).[1] After 1410, Margaret's political position increased, as she was granted several towns and castles as her personal fiefs during the 1410s.[2]

Her husband died in 1417 of a dog bite. Margaret would remain widowed for 24 years. Although William and Margaret attempted to ensure that their daughter would inherit all his lands, a war of succession broke out after his death. Jacqueline would eventually come to inherit Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland, but not Bavaria. She married four times to (John, Dauphin of France, John IV, Duke of Brabant, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and Francis, Lord of Borselen); she had no children by any of these marriages.

During the reign of her daughter, Margaret was involved in several political acts. She preferred the Le Quesnoy castle as her residence, which was also her personal fief where she held formal authority as lady of Quesnoy.[2] She died at Le Quesnoy on 8 March 1441.

Ancestry

References

Margaret of Burgundy, Duchess of Bavaria
Cadet branch of the House of Valois
Born: October 1374 Died: 8 March 1441
Preceded by
Margaret of Cleves
Duchess of Bavaria
1404–1417
Succeeded by
Elisabeth, Duchess of Luxembourg

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