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Polish folk dances

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Title: Polish folk dances  
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Collection: European Folk Dances, Polish Dances, Polish Folklore
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Polish folk dances

Polish folk costumes from the Krakow region

Polish folk dances vary by region.


  • Overview 1
    • Krakowiak 1.1
    • Kujawiak 1.2
    • Mazurek 1.3
    • Oberek 1.4
    • Polonaise 1.5
  • By region 2
    • Gorale 2.1
    • Silesia 2.2
  • List of dances 3
    • Songs 3.1
  • Folk groups 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6


Polish folk dances (singular: taniec ludowy, pronounced ; plural: tańce ludowe ) tend to be lively, energetic, and joyful. Hops, twirls, and athletic movements are common. Many dances involve a circle (Polish: koło [ˈkɔwɔ] "circle", kołem [ˈkɔwɛm] "in a circle").

Clothing is usually colorful. In addition, women often wear coral necklaces, particularly red ones. They also decorate their hair with flowers or ribbons. In some regions, women may wear a hat or a loose headscarf. These are sometimes adorned with flowers or ribbons. Men's hats may also feature decorations, particularly in southern regions.

The Polish national dances are the Krakowiak, Kujawiak, Mazurek, Oberek, and Polonaise.


The Krakowiak (pronounced ) is a fast, syncopated Polish dance in duple time from the region of Kraków and Lesser Poland.

Goral of Podhale - member of Trebunie-Tutki folk band from Zakopane.


The Kujawiak [kuˈjavʲak] is a dance from the region of Kuyavia in central Poland. The dance usually involves couples moving in a circle, although versions involving only women are also performed. The music is typically in triple meter.


The Mazurek is known in Polish as the Mazur.



The Polonaise is known in Polish as polonez or chodzony.

By region

Gorals of Żywiec (2008)

Dance, music, and clothing by region.


Southern Poland features the culture of the Gorals (Polish highlanders). These dances were brought to this mountain areas with Vlach settlers in the 17th century. Very similar versions can be found at the Gorols in Slovakia and in Czech Republic. The rhythm of their music is different for the otherwise duple or triple-meter of the lowlands. This music was not known to the common Polish ear until the 20th century.


One of the most popular dances is the Trojak. Women typically wear

Popular songs include Szła dzieweczka,

List of dances


Folk groups

Folk groups (in Polish: Zespół Pieśni i Tańca or ZPiT) include:

  • Mazowsze (folk group)
  • Śląsk Song and Dance Ensemble
  • Harnam
  • Orlęta - Polish Folk Song and Dance Group
  • Polish American Folk Dance Company
  • Warszawianka Folk Song and Dance Ensemble of Warsaw University
  • Song and Dance Ensemble LANY - University of Life Sciences in Poznań
  • Folk Song and Dance Ensemble Poltex - ZPiT Poltex

See also

External links

  • Polonia Music Traditional Polish Dance - Polski Taniec Ludowy
  • A Foreigner's Guide to Polish Folk Dances
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