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Pope Stephen VII

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Pope Stephen VII

Pope
Stephen VII
Papacy began February 929
Papacy ended 15 March 931
Predecessor Leo VI
Successor John XI
Personal details
Birth name ? Stephanus de Gabrielli
Born ???
Rome, Papal States
Died c. 15 March 931
Rome, Papal States
Other popes named Stephen

Pope Stephen VII (Latin: Stephanus VII; died c. 15 March 931)[1] was Pope from February 929 to his death in 931. A candidate of the infamous Marozia, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.

Biography

Stephen was a Roman[2] by birth, the son of Theodemundus,[3] and perhaps a member of the Gabrielli family. He was elected—probably handpicked—by Marozia from the Tusculani family, as a stop-gap measure until her own son John was ready to assume the chair of Saint Peter. Prior to his election, Stephen had been the cardinal-priest of St Anastasia in Rome.[3]

Very little is known about Stephen’s pontificate. During his two years as pope, Stephen confirmed the privileges of a few religious houses in France and Italy.[3] As a reward for helping free Stephen from the oppression of Hugh of Arles, Stephen granted Cante di Gabrielli the position of papal governor of Gubbio, and control over a number of key fortresses.[4] Stephen was also noted for the severity with which he treated clergy who strayed in their morals.[5] He was also, apparently, according to a hostile Greek source from the twelfth century, the first pope who went around clean shaved whilst pope.[6]

Stephen died around 15 March 931, and was succeeded by Pope John XI.

References

  • Mann, Horace K., The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol. IV: The Popes in the Days of Feudal Anarchy, 891-999 (1910)
  •  
  1. ^ Archibald Bower, The History of the Popes: from the foundation of the See of Rome to A.D. 1758 (1845), pg. 311
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b c Mann, pg. 189
  4. ^ Collegio araldico, Rivista, Volume 5 (1907), pg. 49
  5. ^ DeCormenin, Louis Marie; Gihon, James L., A Complete History of the Popes of Rome, from Saint Peter, the First Bishop to Pius the Ninth (1857), pg. 287
  6. ^ Mann, pg. 190

External links

  • Stephen VII
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Leo VI
Pope
928–931
Succeeded by
John XI
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