World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Princess Caroline of Parma

Carolina of Parma
Princess Maximilian of Saxony

Spouse Prince Maximilian of Saxony
Princess Amalie
Maria Ferdinanda, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Frederick Augustus II
Maria Anna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
John I
Maria Josepha Amalia, Queen of Spain
Full name
Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa di Borbone
House House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Wettin
Father Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Mother Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Born (1770-11-22)22 November 1770
Died 1 March 1804(1804-03-01) (aged 33)
Burial Katholische Hofkirche
Religion Roman Catholicism

Carolina of Parma (22 November 1770 – 1 March 1804) was a Princess of Parma by birth, and Princess of Saxony by marriage to Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Carolina was the eldest child of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and his wife Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.


Her full baptismal name was Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa. She was named after her godparents, her paternal great-uncle Charles III of Spain and her maternal grandmother Empress Maria Theresa.

Carolina was the eldest of nine children born to Ferdinand, Duke of Parma by his wife Maria Amalia of Austria. She was an older sister of Louis, Duke of Parma and King of Etruria. Through Louis, she was also an aunt of Charles II, Duke of Parma.

Her father Ferdinand was a son of Philip, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Élisabeth of France. Philip in turn was a son of Philip V of Spain. Louise-Élisabeth was a daughter of Louis XV of France.

Her mother Maria Amalia was a daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. Through her mother, Carolina was the niece among others of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Queen Marie Antoinette of France.

Princess Carolina died of fever on March 1, 1804 in Dresden. More than two decades after, her husband married her niece Princess Maria Luisa Carlota of Parma.

Marriage and issue

On 22 April 1792 in Parma (by proxy) and on 9 May 1792 (in person), Carolina married Maximilian of Saxony, fifth and youngest son of Elector Frederick Christian of Saxony.

They had seven children:

  1. [1]
  2. Maria Ferdinanda Amalia Xaveria Theresia Josepha Anna Nepomucena Aloysia Johanna Vincentia Ignatia Dominica Franziska de Paula Franziska de Chantal (b. Dresden, 27 April 1796 - d. Schloss Brandeis, Bohemia, 3 January 1865), known as Maria; married on 6 May 1821 to Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (father-in-law of her younger sister).
  3. Frederick Augustus II Albert Maria Clemens Joseph Vincenz Aloys Nepomuk Johann Baptista Nikolaus Raphael Peter Xavier Franz de Paula Venantius Felix (b. Dresden, 18 May 1797 - d. Brennbüchel, 9 August 1854), King of Saxony (1836).
  4. Klemens Maria Joseph Nepomuk Aloys Vincenz Xavier Franz de Paula Franz de Valois Joachim Benno Philipp Jakob (b. Dresden, 1 May 1798 - d. Pisa, 4 January 1822), known as Klemens.[2]
  5. Maria Anna Carolina Josepha Vincentia Xaveria Nepomucena Franziska de Paula Franziska de Chantal Johanna Antonia Elisabeth Cunigunde Gertrud Leopoldina (b. Dresden, 15 November 1799 - d. Pisa, 24 March 1832), known as Maria Anna; married on 16 November 1817 to Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
  6. Johann I Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus (b. Dresden, 12 December 1801 - d. Pillnitz, 29 October 1873), King of Saxony (1854).
  7. Maria Josepha Amalia Beatrix Xaveria Vincentia Aloysia Franziska de Paula Franziska de Chantal Anna Apollonia Johanna Nepomucena Walburga Theresia Ambrosia (b. Dresden, 6 December 1803 - d. Aranjuez, 17 May 1829), known as Maria Josepha Amalia; married on 20 October 1819 to King Ferdinand VII of Spain.


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 22 November 1770 – 22 April 1792 Her Royal Highness Princess Carolina of Parma
  • 22 April 1792 – 1 March 1804 Her Royal Highness the Princess Maximilian of Saxony

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.