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Rulers of Württemberg

This is a list of the rulers of the German state of Württemberg, originally a county and eventually a kingdom until the ruling dynasty was overthrown in 1918.

Counts of Württemberg to 1495

The Treaty of Nürtingen divided the County of Württemberg into two separate lines. Württemberg-Stuttgart with the capital Stuttgart and Württemberg-Urach with the capital Urach.

Württemberg-Stuttgart line

Württemberg-Urach line

The Treaty of Münsingen reunited the two separate Lines under Eberhard V in 1482. Eberhard obtained the title of Duke in 1495.

Dukes of Württemberg 1495–1803

Main article: Duchy of Württemberg

Dukes of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Eberhard I 21 July 1495 24 February 1496
Eberhard II 24 February 1496 11 June 1498
80px Ulrich 11 June 1498 January 1519 Deposed
Württemberg annexed by Austria 1519–1534
80px Ulrich May 1534 6 November 1550 Restored
Christoph 6 November 1550 28 December 1568
Ludwig III 28 December 1568 18 August 1593
Friedrich I 18 August 1593 29 January 1608
Johann Friedrich 29 January 1608 18 July 1628
Eberhard III 18 July 1628 2 July 1674
Wilhelm Ludwig 2 July 1674 23 June 1677
Eberhard Ludwig 23 June 1677 31 October 1733
Karl Alexander 31 October 1733 12 March 1737 Also regent of Kingdom of Serbia from 1720 to 1733
Karl Eugen 12 March 1737 24 October 1793
Ludwig Eugen 24 October 1793 20 May 1795
Friedrich Eugen 20 May 1795 23 December 1797
Friedrich II 23 December 1797 25 February 1803

In 1803, the Duke of Württemberg was raised to the rank of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1806, the Empire was dissolved, and the Elector of Württemberg became an independent monarch with the title of King.

Elector of Württemberg 1803–1806

Elector of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Friedrich II 25 February 1803 1 January 1806

Kings of Württemberg 1806-1918

The Holy Roman Empire came to an end in 1806. The Elector of Württemberg, allied to Napoleon I, anticipated its dissolution by becoming the ruler of an independent Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806.

Kings of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Frederick I
Friedrich I
1 January 1806 30 October 1816
William I
Wilhelm I
30 October 1816 25 June 1864 Son of Frederick I.
Charles I
Karl I
25 June 1864 6 October 1891 Son of William I. Became a subordinate ruler in the German Empire in 1871.
William II
Wilhelm II
6 October 1891 29 November 1918 Nephew of Charles I. Last king of Württemberg. Lost his throne in the German revolutions of 1918.

Because of a lack of male heirs under Salic law, on the death of Wilhelm II in 1921 the royal house had to reach back to the descendants of Friedrich II Eugen (ruled 1795–97). The line of the Duke of Urach was excluded because of a morganatic marriage back in 1800 by its forbear Duke William, and so the succession devolved to the younger branch of Altshausen.

Another morganatic descendant of Friedrich II Eugen was Mary of Teck (1867–1953), who married the British king George V when he was Duke of York.

Heads of the House of Württemberg since 1918

The legal line of succession of the house of Württemberg has continued to the present, although the house no longer plays any political role. For later rulers, see List of Ministers-President of Württemberg.

See also

Royal house
House of Württemberg
Founding year: 11th century
New dynasty
Württemberg founded
Ruling house of Württemberg
11th century – 1918
Title last held by
House of Romanov
Ruling house of Lithuania
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