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Saliha Sultan

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Saliha Sultan

Sālihā Valida Sultânā
The portrait of Saliha Sultan painted by Jean Baptiste Vanmour, 17th Century
Born Aleksandra or Elizaveta[1]
c. 1680
Constantinople (Istanbul), Ottoman Empire
Died 21 September 1739
Constantinople (Istanbul), Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Inside the tomb of Turhan Hatice, in Yeni Mosque, Eminönü
Ethnicity Greek[2]
Known for Valide sultan
Religion Greek Orthodoxy at birth,converted later to Islam
Spouse(s) Mustafa II
Children Mahmud I

Saliha Sultan (fully Daulatlu İsmatlu Saliha Valida Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-şân Hazretleri; c. 1680 – 21 September 1739) was a consort of Greek descent, to Ottoman sultan Mustafa II. She was the mother of sultan Mahmud I. She held the title and position of Valide sultan during her son's reign.

The husband of "Sālihā Valida Sultânā", Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II.
Ottoman Sultan Mahmud I, the son of Saliha Valide Sultan.

Biography

The burial place of Saliha Valide Sultan is located inside Yeni Mosque in Eminönü, Istanbul, (Her construction was begun by Safiye Sultan, the mother of Sultan Mehmed III, and was completed during the regency of Turhan Hatice Vâlide Sultân, the mother of Sultan Mehmed IV).

She was of Greek descent. Her original name was Aleksandra or Elizaveta. She was the adoptive daughter of a family living in the Galata neighbourhood of Azapkapı. On 28 September 1730, Patrona Halil with a small group of fellow Janissaries aroused some of the citizens of Constantinople, who opposed the reforms of Ahmed III. Sweeping up more soldiers, the chief rebel Patrona Halil led the riot to the Topkapı Palace, demanded the death of the grand vizier Nevşehirli Damad Ibrahim Pasha, and the abdication of Ahmed III. The sultan acceded to the demands, had Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha executed, and agreed to the sultanate of his nephew, Mahmud I (1730 – 1754), who replaced him in the throne. As a result of this incident, Mahmud I's mother Saliha became the new Valide Sultan and held the position until her death.

Burial place

Saliha Sultan was buried inside the tomb of Turhan Hatice, the mother of Sultan Mehmed IV, in Yeni Mosque, Eminönü, Istanbul.

See also

Further reading

  • Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).

References

  1. ^ Mahmut I's mother Aleksandra or Saliha Sultan (Günseli İnal, Semiramis Arşivi, Semiramis: Sultan'ın Gözünden Şenlik, Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2005 , ISBN 9789750809286, p. 27.)
  2. ^ İkinci Mustafa'nın (Saliha Sultan) takma adlı cariyesi Rum kızı Aleksandra'dan doğan oğlu Birinci Mâhmut (Ali Kemal Meram, Padisah Anaları, Öz Yayınları, 1977, p. 347.)
  • http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/womeninpower/Womeninpower1700.htm
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Valide Sultan
20 September 1730 – 21 September 1739
Succeeded by
Şehsuvar Sultan
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