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Saucedilla

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Saucedilla

Saucedilla
Sierra de Gredos snow-covered behind

Coat of arms
Saucedilla
Saucedilla
Location in Spain

Coordinates: 39°51′08.46″N 5°40′40.82″W / 39.8523500°N 5.6780056°W / 39.8523500; -5.6780056

Country Spain
Autonomous community Extremadura
Province Cáceres
Comarca Campo Arañuelo
Municipality Saucedilla
Government
 • Mayor Urbano García Díaz (Independent)
Area
 • Total 60 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 258 m (846 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 859
 • Density 12.2/km2 (32/sq mi)
Demonym naveros
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website http://www.saucedilla.es

(This is a summary and approximate translation of the article of Spanish World Heritage Encyclopedia)

Saucedilla[1] is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. According to the 2010 census (INE), it has a population of 859 inhabitants. It belongs to the Campo Arañuelo County (Comarca del Campo Arañuelo), which capital is Navalmoral de la Mata.

Geography and nature

The situation of Saucedilla is impressive. In the north, the vast bulk of the Sierra de Gredos and the Tiétar River; in the south and west, the Miravete Sierra (Casas de Miravete), the Tagus River (Tajo in Spanish) and the Serrejón Sierra. The climate is Mediterranean. The village stands in an extensive plain of clayey grounds.

Dehesa (pastoral management)

The municipality is surrounded by immense dehesas. A dehesa is a light wood of holm oaks (Quercus ilex) or cork oaks ( Quercus suber ). There, the breeding (animal husbandry) of cattle, sheep (for meat and wool), goats (for meat and cheese), and pigs, Iberian Pig [for meat like jamón ibérico (Iberian ham) and jamón serrano], are common. The breeding of Fighting Bull (toro bravo in Spanish) is also widespread. There are some ganaderías of these wild bulls in Saucedilla (Cerro Alto, La Anguila) and others nearby villages like Casatejada or Toril.

Arrocampo Reservoir

It was created at 1976 to refrigerate the turbines of the Almaraz nuclear power plant, which is near Saucedilla. With a system of dams and dikes, the water, taken from Tagus river, cover a circuit of 11 km which allow the refrigeration of these turbines.

Cañada Real Leonesa Occidental (Main Droveway of Western León)

Saucedilla was always a land of sheep. (Its coat of arms has a head of ram.) Extremadura (and Saucedilla), was a passing and transhumance land from the Middle Age. In medieval Spain, there were droving flocks of sheep on the largest scale, which were carefully organized by the system of the Mesta, crossing Extremadura and other Spanish regions. These long distance movements of sheep and cattle were made along drovers road called cañadas reales in Castile, cabañeras in Aragon, carreradas in Catalonia. The Cañada Real Leonesa Occidental cross Saucedilla by the south, near the cemetery. There is a country house, close the graveyard, for sheepherds and cowherds who cover the droveway still today.

Irrigated lands

  • Long ago, the economic activity of Saucedilla was based only on traditional agriculture. During centuries, there was a subsistence farming (dry farming), with also the breeding of sheep, goats, cattle and pigs. This agriculture has produced cereals for years and years in Saucedilla lands: wheat, barley, oats, rye, chickpeas, broad beans and root vegetables like turnips. Also olives and wine.
  • The new irrigation farming: the Valdecañas Reservoir upon the Tagus (on southeast of the municipality), and the construction of a lot of channels, were made possible to irrigate many farmlands of Saucedilla. Fodder for cows and sheep, fruits like tomatoes, pimientos, bell peppers, peaches, etc., are produced thanks to the arrival of water in the 1980s.

Special Protection Areas (SPAs)

There are two Special Protection Areas (SPAs) in Saucedilla. They were crated in 2005.

  • Arrocampo Reservoir Special Protection Area. The list of wild birds of Arrocampo Reservoir SPA is really very large.[2]
  • Lesser Kestrel Colonies of Saucedilla Special Protection Area: it is located on the vast bulk of the parish church of Saucedilla. 17 couples of kestrels (Falco naumanni) (cernícalos in Spanish) are registred in 2005 in the putlog holes of its walls.

Arrocampo Ornithological Park

There are two ornithological routes marked with wooden blazes and an Information Office near the municipal swimming pools in the south entry of the village.

  • Route 1: Arrocampo Reservoir Route. This route has 4 birdwatching towers.
  • Route 2: Cerro Alto Route: one birdwatching tower.

Demography

  • End of 15th century: Saucedilla had 900 inhabitans. There were a small community of Jews lived in Saucedilla before its expulsion of Spain in 1492.
  • Between 1528 and 1653: the municipality lost a lot of people (great demographic crisis in all regions of Spain)
  • According to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística, the evolution between 1900 and 2010 is:

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  • 1960s: the emigration years. Many people (and their families) left the village at the beginning of the sixties to earn their living in Madrid, Barcelone, Bilbao, France, Germany...
  • Foreign population , actually: community of Moroccan people . They work in regional o local agriculture (tobacco, harvests, fruits picking), domestic service...

History


  • 14th century: foundation of the municipality. Colons of Collado de la Vera (see Collado (Cáceres)) (little village of the Comarca La Vera located in the foothills of the Sierra de Gredos mountain range) founded Saucedilla in middle of 14th century.[3]
  • 15th century: development of the municipality.
  • 16th century: building of the church (gothic and renaissance styles) under Bishop Gutierre de Vargas Carvajal mandate. The church construction terminated under the bishopic of Pedro Ponce de León (bishop).
  • 17th century:
  • Lord of Saucedilla: Francisco Tuttavilla.
  • Construction of the juridiction column (rollo jurisdiccional in Spanish).
  • 18th century: Creation of Saucedilla County. The Counts of Saucedilla.
  • The Independence War ("Guerra de Independencia")

Monuments

  • St John the Baptist Church (16th century). Gothic and Renaissance styles
  • Juridiction Column (17th century)
  • Plasencia Cross

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Saucedilla: santo y seña de un pueblo extremeño, Juan Carlos RUBIO MASA & José Luis RUBIO MASA; Ed. Saucedilla, Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Saucedilla, 1994
  • Saucedilla: costumbres, casas y familias, Ángel Marzal González; Navalmoral de la Mata, Ed. Publisher Navalmoral,1999

External links

  • www.saucedilla.es (in Spanish)
  • Birding in Extremadura: Arrocampo Reservoir (in English)

Coordinates: 39°51′N 5°40′W / 39.850°N 5.667°W / 39.850; -5.667

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