World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0013124489
Reproduction Date:

Title: Saucedilla  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of municipalities in Cáceres
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Sierra de Gredos snow-covered behind

Coat of arms
Location in Spain

Coordinates: 39°51′08.46″N 5°40′40.82″W / 39.8523500°N 5.6780056°W / 39.8523500; -5.6780056

Country Spain
Autonomous community Extremadura
Province Cáceres
Comarca Campo Arañuelo
Municipality Saucedilla
 • Mayor Urbano García Díaz (Independent)
 • Total 60 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 258 m (846 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 859
 • Density 12.2/km2 (32/sq mi)
Demonym naveros
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

(This is a summary and approximate translation of the article of Spanish World Heritage Encyclopedia)

Saucedilla[1] is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. According to the 2010 census (INE), it has a population of 859 inhabitants. It belongs to the Campo Arañuelo County (Comarca del Campo Arañuelo), which capital is Navalmoral de la Mata.

Geography and nature

The situation of Saucedilla is impressive. In the north, the vast bulk of the Sierra de Gredos and the Tiétar River; in the south and west, the Miravete Sierra (Casas de Miravete), the Tagus River (Tajo in Spanish) and the Serrejón Sierra. The climate is Mediterranean. The village stands in an extensive plain of clayey grounds.

Dehesa (pastoral management)

The municipality is surrounded by immense dehesas. A dehesa is a light wood of holm oaks (Quercus ilex) or cork oaks ( Quercus suber ). There, the breeding (animal husbandry) of cattle, sheep (for meat and wool), goats (for meat and cheese), and pigs, Iberian Pig [for meat like jamón ibérico (Iberian ham) and jamón serrano], are common. The breeding of Fighting Bull (toro bravo in Spanish) is also widespread. There are some ganaderías of these wild bulls in Saucedilla (Cerro Alto, La Anguila) and others nearby villages like Casatejada or Toril.

Arrocampo Reservoir

It was created at 1976 to refrigerate the turbines of the Almaraz nuclear power plant, which is near Saucedilla. With a system of dams and dikes, the water, taken from Tagus river, cover a circuit of 11 km which allow the refrigeration of these turbines.

Cañada Real Leonesa Occidental (Main Droveway of Western León)

Saucedilla was always a land of sheep. (Its coat of arms has a head of ram.) Extremadura (and Saucedilla), was a passing and transhumance land from the Middle Age. In medieval Spain, there were droving flocks of sheep on the largest scale, which were carefully organized by the system of the Mesta, crossing Extremadura and other Spanish regions. These long distance movements of sheep and cattle were made along drovers road called cañadas reales in Castile, cabañeras in Aragon, carreradas in Catalonia. The Cañada Real Leonesa Occidental cross Saucedilla by the south, near the cemetery. There is a country house, close the graveyard, for sheepherds and cowherds who cover the droveway still today.

Irrigated lands

  • Long ago, the economic activity of Saucedilla was based only on traditional agriculture. During centuries, there was a subsistence farming (dry farming), with also the breeding of sheep, goats, cattle and pigs. This agriculture has produced cereals for years and years in Saucedilla lands: wheat, barley, oats, rye, chickpeas, broad beans and root vegetables like turnips. Also olives and wine.
  • The new irrigation farming: the Valdecañas Reservoir upon the Tagus (on southeast of the municipality), and the construction of a lot of channels, were made possible to irrigate many farmlands of Saucedilla. Fodder for cows and sheep, fruits like tomatoes, pimientos, bell peppers, peaches, etc., are produced thanks to the arrival of water in the 1980s.

Special Protection Areas (SPAs)

There are two Special Protection Areas (SPAs) in Saucedilla. They were crated in 2005.

  • Arrocampo Reservoir Special Protection Area. The list of wild birds of Arrocampo Reservoir SPA is really very large.[2]
  • Lesser Kestrel Colonies of Saucedilla Special Protection Area: it is located on the vast bulk of the parish church of Saucedilla. 17 couples of kestrels (Falco naumanni) (cernícalos in Spanish) are registred in 2005 in the putlog holes of its walls.

Arrocampo Ornithological Park

There are two ornithological routes marked with wooden blazes and an Information Office near the municipal swimming pools in the south entry of the village.

  • Route 1: Arrocampo Reservoir Route. This route has 4 birdwatching towers.
  • Route 2: Cerro Alto Route: one birdwatching tower.


  • End of 15th century: Saucedilla had 900 inhabitans. There were a small community of Jews lived in Saucedilla before its expulsion of Spain in 1492.
  • Between 1528 and 1653: the municipality lost a lot of people (great demographic crisis in all regions of Spain)
  • According to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística, the evolution between 1900 and 2010 is:


 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.8)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.6)
 id:bar       value:rgb(1,0.75,0.4)

ImageSize = width:400 height:200 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:20 top:20 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:900 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:20 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:white


 bar:1900 text:1900
 bar:1910 text:1910
 bar:1920 text:1920
 bar:1930 text:1930
 bar:1940 text:1940
 bar:1950 text:1950
 bar:1960 text:1960
 bar:1970 text:1970
 bar:1981 text:1981
 bar:1991 text:1991
 bar:2001 text:2001
 bar:2010 text:2010


 color:bar width:20 align:left
 bar:1900 from:0 till:335
 bar:1910 from:0 till:604
 bar:1920 from:0 till:427
 bar:1930 from:0 till:523
 bar:1940 from:0 till:629
 bar:1950 from:0 till:699
 bar:1960 from:0 till:880
 bar:1970 from:0 till:367
 bar:1981 from:0 till:412
 bar:1991 from:0 till:497
 bar:2001 from:0 till:610
 bar:2010 from:0 till:857


 bar:1900 at: 335 fontsize:S text:335 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1910 at: 604 fontsize:S text:604 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1920 at: 427 fontsize:S text:427 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1930 at: 523 fontsize:S text:523 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1940 at: 629 fontsize:S text:629 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1950 at: 699 fontsize:S text:699 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1960 at: 880 fontsize:S text:880 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1970 at: 367 fontsize:S text:367 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1981 at: 412 fontsize:S text:412 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:1991 at: 497 fontsize:S text:497 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:2001 at: 610 fontsize:S text:610 shift:(-10,5)
 bar:2010 at: 857 fontsize:S text:857 shift:(-10,5)

  • 1960s: the emigration years. Many people (and their families) left the village at the beginning of the sixties to earn their living in Madrid, Barcelone, Bilbao, France, Germany...
  • Foreign population , actually: community of Moroccan people . They work in regional o local agriculture (tobacco, harvests, fruits picking), domestic service...


  • 14th century: foundation of the municipality. Colons of Collado de la Vera (see Collado (Cáceres)) (little village of the Comarca La Vera located in the foothills of the Sierra de Gredos mountain range) founded Saucedilla in middle of 14th century.[3]
  • 15th century: development of the municipality.
  • 16th century: building of the church (gothic and renaissance styles) under Bishop Gutierre de Vargas Carvajal mandate. The church construction terminated under the bishopic of Pedro Ponce de León (bishop).
  • 17th century:
  • Lord of Saucedilla: Francisco Tuttavilla.
  • Construction of the juridiction column (rollo jurisdiccional in Spanish).
  • 18th century: Creation of Saucedilla County. The Counts of Saucedilla.
  • The Independence War ("Guerra de Independencia")


  • St John the Baptist Church (16th century). Gothic and Renaissance styles
  • Juridiction Column (17th century)
  • Plasencia Cross

See also



  • Saucedilla: santo y seña de un pueblo extremeño, Juan Carlos RUBIO MASA & José Luis RUBIO MASA; Ed. Saucedilla, Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Saucedilla, 1994
  • Saucedilla: costumbres, casas y familias, Ángel Marzal González; Navalmoral de la Mata, Ed. Publisher Navalmoral,1999

External links

  • (in Spanish)
  • Birding in Extremadura: Arrocampo Reservoir (in English)

Coordinates: 39°51′N 5°40′W / 39.850°N 5.667°W / 39.850; -5.667

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.