World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tongba

Article Id: WHEBN0008029076
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tongba  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Millet, List of alcoholic beverages, History of Limbuwan, Kathmandu, Sikkim
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tongba

Tongba
Tongba Drink in Nepal
Course beer
Place of origin Nepal
Region or state Nepal, Sikkim, Darjeeling district, Tibet and Bhutan
Main ingredients millet, Murcha, water etc.
Cookbook:Tongba 

Tongba (Nepali: तोंग्बा) is a millet-based alcoholic beverage found in the eastern mountainous region of Nepal and the neighbouring Darjeeling and Sikkim. It is the traditional and indigenous drink of the Limbu people of eastern Nepal.[1] Tongba is culturally and religiously important to the Limbu people of eastern Nepal. Offering Tongba is respect to a guest in Limbu culture. [2]

Preparation

Tongba actually is the vessel which holds the fermented alcoholic beverage known as Jaand. Jaand is prepared by cooking and fermenting whole grain millet. The cooked millet is cooled and mixed with murcha (which is a source of molds, bacteria and yeast). Then the mass is collected and placed in a woven bamboo basket lined with green leaves or plastic, covered with thick fold of cloth and allowed to remain in a warm place for 1–2 days depending upon the temperature. The sweet mass is then packed tightly into an earthenware pot or plastic jars and the opening is usually sealed off to prevent air from entering. After 7–15 days also depending upon the temperature, the fermentation is complete and the mass is converted to jaand.

The time jaand is left to remain undisturbed in the pot after completion of fermentation leads to maturing of the jaand. During the maturing the flavours and taste intensifies yet become more mellowed. Traditionally it is stored for about six months.

It is consumed in a unique way: the fermented millet is put in a container, also traditionally called a Tongba, and boiled water is poured in it to the brim. It is then left undisturbed for about five minutes. Once the five minutes has passed it is ready to drink. A fine bamboo straw with a blind end, but perforated on the side to act as a filter, is inserted into the container to suck out the warm water and alcohol from the millet grains. More hot water is added as the tongba becomes dry, and the process is repeated until the alcohol is exhausted.

References

  1. ^ Easen, Nick (2004-03-01). "Mountain High - TIME". www.time.com. Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  2. ^ MAHARJAN, UJJWALA (2011-12-16). "Sipping hot Tongba in cold winter - My Republica". www.myrepublica.com. Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.