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Warmia-Masuria

 

Warmia-Masuria

Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie
Voivodeship
Skyline of Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

Coat of arms

Location within Poland

Division into counties

Coordinates (Olsztyn): 53°47′N 20°30′E / 53.783°N 20.500°E / 53.783; 20.500

Country  Poland
Capital Olsztyn
Counties
Area
 • Total 24,191.8 km2 (9,340.5 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,427,091
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban 856,559
 • Rural 570,532
Car plates N
Website Official Voivodeship's website
  • further divided into 116 gminas


Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, or Warmia-Masuria Province[1] (in Polish: Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie, [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ varˈmiɲskɔ maˈzurskʲɛ]), is a voivodeship (province) in northeastern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Olsztyn. The voivodeship has an area of 24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi) and a population of 1,427,091 (as of 2006).

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship was created on January 1, 1999, from the entire Olsztyn Voivodeship, the western half of Suwałki Voivodeship and part of Elbląg Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name derives from two historic regions, Warmia and Masuria.

The province borders the Podlaskie Voivodeship to the east, the Masovian Voivodeship to the south, the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship to the south-west, the Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, the Vistula Lagoon to the northwest, and the Kaliningrad Oblast (an exclave of Russia) to the north. The region contains the southern part of East Prussia, which Poland took over from Germany in 1945, while the Soviet Union took over the northern part, the present Kaliningrad Oblast.

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship has the largest number of ethnic Ukrainians living in Poland[2] due to forced relocations (such as Operation Vistula) carried out by the Soviet and Polish Communist authorities.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 49 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006):[3]

Administrative division

Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship is divided into 21 counties (powiats): 2 city counties and 19 land counties. These are further divided into 116 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Olsztyn 88 176,522 1
Elbląg 80 127,055 1
Land counties
Olsztyn County
powiat olsztyński
2,840 113,529 Olsztyn * Dobre Miasto, Biskupiec, Olsztynek, Barczewo, Jeziorany 12
Ostróda County
powiat ostródzki
1,765 105,286 Ostróda Morąg, Miłakowo, Miłomłyn 9
Iława County
powiat iławski
1,385 89,960 Iława Lubawa, Susz, Kisielice, Zalewo 7
Ełk County
powiat ełcki
1,112 84,760 Ełk 5
Szczytno County
powiat szczycieński
1,933 69,289 Szczytno Pasym 8
Kętrzyn County
powiat kętrzyński
1,213 66,165 Kętrzyn Reszel, Korsze 6
Działdowo County
powiat działdowski
953 65,110 Działdowo Lidzbark 6
Bartoszyce County
powiat bartoszycki
1,309 61,354 Bartoszyce Górowo Iławeckie, Bisztynek, Sępopol 6
Pisz County
powiat piski
1,776 57,553 Pisz Orzysz, Ruciane-Nida, Biała Piska 4
Giżycko County
powiat giżycki
1,119 56,863 Giżycko Ryn 6
Elbląg County
powiat elbląski
1,431 56,412 Elbląg * Pasłęk, Tolkmicko, Młynary 9
Mrągowo County
powiat mrągowski
1,065 50,087 Mrągowo Mikołajki 5
Braniewo County
powiat braniewski
1,205 43,781 Braniewo Pieniężno, Frombork 7
Nowe Miasto County
powiat nowomiejski
695 43,388 Nowe Miasto Lubawskie 5
Lidzbark County
powiat lidzbarski
924 43,006 Lidzbark Warmiński Orneta 5
Olecko County
powiat olecki
874 34,215 Olecko 4
Nidzica County
powiat nidzicki
961 33,955 Nidzica 4
Gołdap County
powiat gołdapski
772 26,989 Gołdap 3
Węgorzewo County
powiat węgorzewski
693 23,641 Węgorzewo 3
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Protected areas in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship include eight areas designated as Landscape Parks, as listed below:

The Łuknajno Lake nature reserve (part of Masurian Landscape Park) is a protected wetland site under the Ramsar convention, as well as being designated by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship is twinned with:

References

External links

  • Official website of Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

Coordinates: 53°51′N 20°50′E / 53.850°N 20.833°E / 53.850; 20.833

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