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Weihai

Weihai
威海市
Prefecture-level city
The Happiness Gate is the landmark of Weihai
The Happiness Gate is the landmark of Weihai
Weihai City in Shandong
Weihai City in Shandong
Weihai is located in China
Weihai
Weihai
Location in China
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 4
Township-level divisions 66
Municipal seat Huancui District
()
Government
 • CPC Secretary Cui Yuechen (崔曰臣)
 • Mayor Wang Peiyan (王培廷)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 5,436 km2 (2,099 sq mi)
 • Urban 731 km2 (282 sq mi)
 • Metro 731 km2 (282 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 2,804,800
 • Density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 591,982
 • Urban density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 591,982
 • Metro density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 631
GDP RMB178 billion (2008)
GDP per capita RMB63,519 (2008)
License Plate Prefix K
Administrative division code 371000
ISO 3166-2 CN-37-10
Website www.weihai.gov.cn
City Flower: Sweet Osmanthus, Osmanthus fragrans
City Tree: Silk Tree, Albizia julibrissin

Weihai (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wēihǎi, known as Port Edward from 1898 to 1930[1]) is a city in eastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is the easternmost prefecture-level city of the province and a major seaport. Weihai borders Yantai to the west and the Yellow Sea to the east.

Weihai's population was 2,804,800 at the 2010 census. Of those, 591,982 live in the built up area (Huancui urban district). Rongcheng, a county-level city within Weihai, has a built up area with 1,006,795 inhabitants.

The minor planet 207931 Weihai is named after this city.

Between 1898 and 1930, the city was part of the British leased territory known as Weihaiwei or the Weihai Garrison (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: WēihǎiWèi); during this time, the city itself was known as Port Edward and served as the capital of Weihaiwei.

Contents

  • Administrative divisions 1
  • History 2
  • Geography and climate 3
  • Economy 4
    • Industrial Zone 4.1
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Weihai administers four county-level divisions, including two districts and two county-level cities.

Map
Subdivision Chinese Pinyin
Huancui District 环翠区 Huáncuì Qū
Wendeng District 文登区 Wéndēng Qū
Rongcheng 荣成市 Róngchéng Shì
Rushan 乳山市 Rǔshān Shì

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 52 towns and 14 subdistricts.

History

See also: Weihaiwei under British rule

Weihaiwei port was the base for the Beiyang Fleet during the Qing Dynasty. In 1895, the Japanese captured it in the Battle of Weihaiwei, which is regarded as the last major battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese then evacuated in 1898.

Weihaiwei was under British rule from 1898 until 1930. A Royal Navy base was built on Liugong Island. Weihaiwei became a special administrative region after it was returned to the Republic of China in 1930.[2] In 1949, Weihaiwei City was established, and was renamed Weihai City after the Communist revolution.

Geography and climate

Weihai
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13
 
 
2
−3
 
 
12
 
 
3
−3
 
 
18
 
 
9
1
 
 
36
 
 
16
8
 
 
49
 
 
22
13
 
 
75
 
 
26
18
 
 
133
 
 
28
21
 
 
176
 
 
28
22
 
 
80
 
 
24
18
 
 
37
 
 
19
12
 
 
30
 
 
12
6
 
 
22
 
 
5
−1
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Weihai is located on the north-eastern seashore of Shandong, and its administrative area includes Chengshantou (成山头), the eastern tip of the Shandong Peninsula (or Shantung Peninsula). The city is surrounded by sea on three sides and its harbour is protected by Liugong Island.

Weihai lies in the transition zone between a Humid subtropical and humid continental climate (Köppen Cwa/Dwa), but as it is at the eastern end of the Shandong Peninsula, its climate is strongly influenced by the surrounding Yellow Sea: springtime warming and autumn cooling are delayed by one month, winds are generally high, and the average diurnal temperature throughout the year is small—at only 6.73 °C (12.1 °F). Winters are cold and dry, but still warmer than inland places located at the same latitude; the average temperature in January is −0.9 °C (30.4 °F). Summers are hot and humid, and August averages 24.7 °C (76.5 °F); the annual mean is 12.48 °C (54.5 °F). More than two-thirds of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and there are nearly 2,540 hours of sunshine per year.

Climate data for Weihai (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
19.8
(67.6)
23.4
(74.1)
29.6
(85.3)
34.2
(93.6)
38.4
(101.1)
37.4
(99.3)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
30.4
(86.7)
24.0
(75.2)
18.0
(64.4)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.4
(38.1)
8.5
(47.3)
16.0
(60.8)
21.6
(70.9)
25.5
(77.9)
27.8
(82)
27.8
(82)
24.4
(75.9)
19.1
(66.4)
11.8
(53.2)
5.2
(41.4)
16.1
(61.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.7
(76.5)
21.2
(70.2)
15.6
(60.1)
8.5
(47.3)
2.1
(35.8)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.3
(34.3)
7.5
(45.5)
12.8
(55)
17.7
(63.9)
21.3
(70.3)
22.0
(71.6)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.4
(48.8)
Record low °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.7
(42.3)
10.7
(51.3)
14.4
(57.9)
15.3
(59.5)
7.5
(45.5)
0.8
(33.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−11.3
(11.7)
−13.2
(8.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.9
(0.508)
12.2
(0.48)
17.8
(0.701)
36.1
(1.421)
49.0
(1.929)
74.5
(2.933)
132.6
(5.22)
175.7
(6.917)
79.9
(3.146)
37.3
(1.469)
29.9
(1.177)
22.1
(0.87)
680.0
(26.772)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.5 5.1 4.6 5.8 6.9 7.9 11.5 10.2 6.9 6.4 7.8 8.2 87.8
Source: Weather China

Economy

View of the Happiness Gate from the sea

Weihai is a commercial port and major fishing center with some light industries. Due to its close proximity to South Korea, Weihai also has a large Korean business community and receives many Korean tourists. Weihai is also a key production area for peanuts and fruit.

Industrial Zone

Weihai Economic & Technological Development Zone

Weihai Economic and Technological Development Zone is a state-level development zone approved by the State Council on October 21, 1992. The administrative area has an area of 194 km2 (75 sq mi), including the programmed area of 36 km2 (14 sq mi) and an initial area of 11.88 km2 (4.59 sq mi). Its nearest port is Weihai Port, and the airport closest to the zone is Wuhai Airport.[3]

Weihai Export Processing Zone

Weihai Export & Processing Zone (EPZ) was set up by the approval of the State Council on April 27, 2000. Weihai EPZ is located in Weihai Economic & Technological Development Zone with programmed area of 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi). Weihai EPZ belongs to comprehensive export & processing zone. The EPZ is located 30 km (19 mi) from Weihai Airport, 3 km (1.9 mi) to Weihai Railway Station and 4 km (2.5 mi) from Weihai Harbor.[4]

Weihai Torch Hi-Tech Science Park

Weihai Torch Hi-Tech Science Park is a state-level development zone approved by the State Council on March 1991. Located in Weihai's northwest zone of culture, education and science, the Park has the total area of 111.9 km2 (43.2 sq mi), a coastline of 30.5 km (19.0 mi) and 150,000 residents. It is 3 km (1.9 mi) away from the city center, 4 km (2.5 mi) away from Weihai Port, 10 km (6.2 mi) away from Weihai Railway Station, 30 km (19 mi) away from Weihai Airport and 80 km (50 mi) away from Yantai Airport.[5]

Education

Campuses of Shandong University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, and Harbin University of Science and Technology are located in Weihai.

Transportation

Weihai Airport serves the city with regular service to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Harbin domestically and the Korean cities of Seoul and Pusan, as the fourth busiest airport in Shandong following Qingdao, Jinan and Yantai.

Qingdao-Rongcheng Intercity Railway offers the high-speed rail services directly to Shanghai Hongqiao, Beijing South, Jinan, Jimo North (Qingdao North soon) and Yantai, with four rail stations, Weihai, Weihai North, Wendeng East and Rongcheng.

as for conventional rail services, The K8262 and K8264 trains depart every day at 7:17 AM and 9:52 PM respectively for Jinan, the provincial capital, the K412 goes directly to Beijing at 7:49 PM, and the No. 1064 train leaves at 8:27 AM for Hankou, one of the two railway stations of Wuhan, Hubei. Internally, the city is served by about 50 bus routes.

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • Government website of Weihai (available in Chinese, English, Japanese and Korean)
  •  
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